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La France, Marianne: Professor at Boston University, Dr. La France is a researcher who studies gender and power reflection within subtle communication processes one of which is nonverbal behaviours.  She studies how facial expressions, like smiling, or linguistic strategies like apologizing, reveal clear gender differences.  She also examines how humour plays out between the sexes.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Laughter 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Laughter 2Laughter: Some researchers pin laughs as a modification of the fear response or as a warning that danger was near.  By that same theory, we laugh because our brains are scared or frightened which is why we don’t laugh when we hear a joke for the second time and have predicted its outcome.   Laughter usually comes about due to humour and helps clarify emotional context (by defining amusement) between people.  Laughs follow a “ha-ha-ha” or “ho-ho-ho” pattern, but never “ha-ho-ha-ho”.  We can see other variations though like “cha-ha-ha” or “ha-ha-ho.”

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Laughing cycle: Laughter is very contagious and when full blown can perpetuate itself in an open loop circuit until we are unable to breath or are in tears.

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Laissez-faire bosses: The words “laissez-faire” is French for “let be”.  Literally, this boss will give an employee free reign, or seemingly so.  They have confidence in the ability of others to do a good job, and check in only occasionally to measure progress.  They might be friendly, but lack eye contact and expression so as not to become involved with others and take them off task.  To work well with this boss, use confident and independent body language.  Give off signals that you are working efficiently and are coping with any project given to you.  Keep meetings short, update them of your progress every so often, then get back to work.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Leadership Body LanguageLeadership body language: Leadership body language is a set of nonverbal postures and gestures that produce a desire to follow in others.  It includes things like dominant postures, serious gaze, head held high, frequent use of touching, infrequent smiling or smiling when appropriate.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Leading 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Leading 2Leading: A process whereby a person is artificially induced to mirror, or match actions in another.  The technique involves matching body movements such as hand gestures and leg postures, facial expression, breathing, voice and blinking in another person, then suddenly moving out of sync to pull a target into following your lead.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Leaked Or Involuntary Body Language 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Leaked Or Involuntary Body Language 2Leaked or involuntary body language: Leaked body language is any body language that happens accidentally.  It is especially significant in people trying to prevent it from happening as it may indicate a hidden or suppressed emotion.  Leaking happens because a person’s conscious mind is only successful at blocking the most obvious gestures and what usually happens is that the gestures are replaced with ones that are slightly less pronounced.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Leaning AwayBodyLanguageProjectCom - Leaning Toward Or Leaning Away 1Leaning toward or leaning away: Related to proximity, leaning is a way the body either shows agreement or liking or disagreement and disliking.  When people like things, they will subtly or dramatically move toward them and when they dislike them will move away from them.  Leaning can be done either when sitting or standing.

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Left side advantage (the): The distinct benefit of being on the left side when facing an audience or appearing in photographs especially when shaking hands.  The person to the left always gains the upper hand in the handshake making them appear more dominant and in control.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Leg Cleansing Or Leg Pacifying BehaviourLeg cleansing or leg pacifying behaviour: In response to stress the hands are rubbed against the thigh.  It serves three purposes, one, it wipes sweat off the palms, two, it burns off nervous energy and three it pacifies.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Leg Crossing 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Leg Crossing 1Leg crossing: A form of close body posture that signifies liking when oriented toward someone rather than away, sexual interest when entwine and comfort because it disables a person from leaving.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Leg Spreading 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Leg Spreading 3BodyLanguageProjectCom - Leg Spreading 5BodyLanguageProjectCom - Leg Spreading 4Leg spreading: When done by men it is a dominant crotch display, and when done by women usually construed as a sexual invitation or that they have a crass attitude or are “easy.”

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Leg twine: The leg twine is one of the most appealing sitting positions for women.  The posture is done by tightly wrapping one around the other and then twining the foot under the calf.  The result makes the legs appear extremely toned.

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Liar’s lilt: When a person telling a lie finishes their sentence with an tag question coupled with a high pitched voice nearing the end.

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Lie detection devices: Include thermal scanners, eye trackers, pupillometers, stress sniffers and polygraph machines.  Each uses an aspect of arousal to determine variations between a regular baseline of a person, and stress, to uncover stimuli that cause it.  Therefore, no such test actually measures lying directly.  Pupillometers measure changes in the pupils, eye trackers look at eye patterns, thermal scanners look at heat, light and vibrations emitted from the body, stress sniffer machine measures increases in stress hormones on the breath and polygraphs use a combination of increases in sweat and heart rate to uncover liars.  While tests such as these provide results at better than chance, they aren’t perfect and present very obvious limitations.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Light Social HugLight social hug: One of two types of hugs.  This one is used for acquaintances and friends, and happens when the shoulders come together but the hips remain separated and do not press together.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Liking (nonverbal) 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Liking (nonverbal)  1Liking (nonverbal): Nonverbal communication that shows a person feels a connection and agreement with another person.  Liking is conveyed through active eye contact, genuine smiles, nodding, ventral fronting, leaning forward and increased proximity, touching, MISSING?

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Limbically aroused: A state of mind characterized by emotional/fearful body language which is difficult or impossible to consciously remove oneself from.  It occurs when stimuli are presented which create a flight or fight response.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - BrainLimbic system or limbic brain or midbrain:  The limbic system is a set of brain centers or the “reptilian brain” that includes the amygdale, hippocampus, anterior thalamic nuclei, and limbic cortex.  These structures in collection handle emotion (from happiness to anger), behavior, long term memory and olfaction or the sense of smell.  They are important in body language because they control nonverbal expressions that come unforced or naturally (rather than those coming from the more advanced neocortex) so are an honest representation of true underlying feelings.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Limp Fish HandshakeLimp fish handshake: A handshake that has far too little pressure and indicates a timid personality who feels that touching is a violation of personal space.

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Linear lying: The inability to recall a told lie when it is taken out of sequence.  Liars find it easy to tell lies through a progression, but when asking to recall the events back, their imagined activities make it nearly impossible to retell precisely because they have never actually happened.

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Linguistic anthropologists: Researchers who study the development of language including body language over thousands of years.

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Linking arms: Serves a function similar to handholding by providing a touch based connection between two people.  It is done by wrapping one arm into another through the inside of the elbow or by grasping the inside of the elbow with a hand.  It can become more intimate by pulling the arm inward and “hugging” it usually by the more subordinate individual.  Linking arms are habitual between romantic couples and so is an intimate gesture.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Lint PickerLint picker: A non-verbal displacement gesture indicating a difference of opinion, disapproval and indifference which is especially salient when lint is entirely absent and eye contact avoided.  In dating lint picking is a form of interest through preening to make one appear more attractive, and when done on someone else, is a form of affection.

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Lip biting or biting the lip or cheek biting: Biting the lip with the teeth or chewing on the sides of the mouth indicates hidden insecurity, embarrassment, a vulnerability and a lack of self confidence.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Lip LickingLip licking: An increase in lip licking is due to a decrease in saliva production due to high stress.  Repeated licking can also serve to pacify and sooth.  In this gesture the tongue can be seen darting out of the mouth, swiping the top lip on the way and curling under to swipe the bottom lip as it reenters.

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Lip nibble: When the lower lip is lightly nibbled by the upper teeth and pulled inward slightly.  The teeth habitually pull at the corner of the mouth.  This is a flirtatious sexual gesture usually performed by women who are using self restraint to stop themselves from acting overtly toward an attractive man.  In this case it is shy, innocent and youthful in it’s origin.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Lip Pursing Or Puckering 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Lip Pursing Or Puckering 2Lip pursing or puckering: When the lips form a pout or kiss.  Indicates a sexual cue, or desire to kiss, when in context, or a negative thought indicator or that disagreement is present.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Lip Touching 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Lip Touching 3Lip touching: A gesture done whenever the fingers touch the mouth.  It signifies contemplation, insecurity, and flirtation depending on the context.  When the finger is passed inside the mouth it is an overt sexual display or an extreme pacifying display.

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Looking askance:  Is a nonverbal cue done by tilting the head slightly to the side but stopping short of facing head on where the eyes roll the rest of the way forming a scowl.  This face shows disapproval, distrust and suspicion.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Looking Away 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Looking Away 2Looking away: A signal of comfort when done within context as it shows that a person is lacking fear, but can also show disrespect in extreme cases as it indicate an aloof attitude.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Looking Past Or Looking Through A Person Or Looking Away 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Looking Past Or Looking Through A Person Or Looking Away 2Looking past or looking through a person or looking away: The deliberate avoidance of eye contact by defocusing the eyes seemingly peering through people.  This is an intense form of eye contact avoidance especially when done to quell the attention seeking of another person or while in an active conversation with someone.  The nonverbal interpretation of such a cue includes dominance, superiority, dismissal, or outright, rudeness.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Looking Up Through The Forehead Or The Looking Up Cluster 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Looking Up Through The Forehead Or The Looking Up Cluster 2Looking up through the forehead or the Looking up cluster:  Done by tilted the head at a forty-five degree angle and looking upwards.  The posture is a reflection back into early childhood as children look up at us as seeking our approval or permission.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Loud VoiceLoud voice: A voice that is forceful and overtakes a room or conversation.  It can be booming and baritone or a high pitch shrill soprano.  The aim of the speaker is to not be missed, hence the loud voice stems from a person who wishes to gain attention and control others through authority and intimidation.  Often, loud voices are aimed at speak over others and show egotism and impatience.  Sometimes people misread loud voices as confidence which is rarely the case (when it is used courteously), usually it comes from people fearing not being heard.  Loud voices can also be used to persuade others, but only via submission, be used to compensate for a perceived personal flaw, a reaction to hearing loss or inebriation.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Loving CircleLoving circle:  When lovers sit on a couch together they will orient their legs toward each other forming a loop and their arms will meet over the backs for the couch.  This is the loving circle and can happen within families, with close friends, associates and between and amongst the sexes.  It signifies agreement.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Low Confidence Body Language 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Low Confidence Body Language 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Low Confidence Body Language 4BodyLanguageProjectCom - Low Confidence Body Language 3Low confidence body language: Nonverbal cues that indicate stress, anxiety and discomfort.  They include hand hiding behaviours, cowering body postures, shoulders rolled inward, lack of eye contact, feet that are pulled inward or locked around the legs of a chair and so forth.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Low Confidence Hand DisplaysLow confidence hand displays: Include hands wringing, the fig leaf, hidden thumbs (in pockets), hand rubbing, palm rubbing, hand hiding, entwined fingers while rubbing, hand wringing and sudden frozen hands.  These show low comfort and low self esteem and usually have some form of pacifying element.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Luncheon test (the) 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Luncheon test (the) 1Luncheon test (the): Unspoken rules dictate that a centerline exists about a table or at equidistance from two people (when side by side) and one must not cross it with hands, arms, or artifacts of any kind, including papers, folders, utensils (boardroom setting), salt, pepper and centerpieces (dinner settings).  This experiment involves moving the artifacts over the centerline throughout the course of the meal.  Reactions will be predictable, as they will either slowly move them back to regain territory or will lean back in their chairs so as to regain space.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Lying Or Deceptive Body Language Or Dishonesty 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Lying Or Deceptive Body Language Or Dishonesty 5BodyLanguageProjectCom - Lying Or Deceptive Body Language Or Dishonesty 6BodyLanguageProjectCom - Lying Or Deceptive Body Language Or Dishonesty 3BodyLanguageProjectCom - Lying Or Deceptive Body Language Or Dishonesty 4BodyLanguageProjectCom - Lying Or Deceptive Body Language Or Dishonesty 1

 

 

 

 

 

Lying or deceptive body language or dishonesty: Unfortunately for the body language reader there are no set cues that give liars away, however there are cues that signify stress and anxiety or arousal.  There are times when lying can be read but it is done only by comparing relaxed body language on a baseline to discomfort body language when presented with a stimuli.  The gestures most often associated with liars include increased face touching, pulling the ears, neck scratching or pulling on the collar, hand to eye, mouth or nose, closed body postures, eye avoidance, stammering eyes or shifty eyes, and paraverbal cues.  Liars are also often thought to suffer from dry mouth, voice tremors, increases in sweating, jerky movements, and gasping or holding the breath, amongst others.  There is no single cue that predicts lying in all circumstances.  Most lie detectors are only slightly better then 50% accurate.

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Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

The Body Language Project is the result of a decade of personal research including a thorough review of over 60 primary scientific research journal articles. Learning body language forms the perfect foundation for success in ALL your communication.

If you are only picking up on what is being said, you are missing more than half of the message.

For more information on BodyLanguage be sure to check out: BodyLanguageProject.com and the Ebook – The Body Language Guide to Dating, Attraction and Sexual Body Language.

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