Tag Archive for Blp

Non Verbal Body Language Dictionary ::G::

Did we forget a nonverbal term?  Suggest it in the comment box or e-mail it direct, and we’ll be ecstatic to add it!  With well over 500 terms, the BLP dictionary is growing to be the largest free nonverbal dictionary in the world!  Brought to you exclusively by The Body Language Project!  Visit our homepage for more free learning.

Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.
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Gait or bipedal gait: Refers to the style or mechanics of locomotion in humans and animals.  Scientists have identified thirty six different types of gait in the human species.  They include the hobble, the mince, the glide, the bounce, the stride, the wiggle, the dart, the prance and the run.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Gazing Adoringly 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Gazing Adoringly 2Gazing adoringly: An eye pattern that stems from infatuation and deep love and affection that lacks any negative emotion whatsoever.  The eyes and eyelids relax and move freely from each eye to the mouth and lips, with brief glances to the rest of the face including hair and ears.  Gazing adoringly happens during courtship between couples and between mothers and their newborn infants as they bond to each other.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Gaze Avoidance Or Averting EyesGaze avoidance or averting eyes: When a person purposely prevents or avoids eye contact, either to show disinterest, to scorn, or to show a difference of opinion or even submission.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - GazingGazing: A gaze is an inviting display of warmth where positive emotions are attached to the face making it appear softer.  Opposite to the gaze is the stare which acts like daggers shooting invisible arrows into the face of another.  Eye gaze reveals cues to interest, attention, affiliation, intimacy, approval, dominance, aggression and openness to personal involvement.

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Gaze omission: Defined as a failure to look at someone without intending to (rather than avoidance).

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Gravity defying body language: Body language that is a measures a person’s exuberance and demonstrates that they feel happy.  It includes raising the arms, having a bounce in the step, swinging hands while walking, having an upright posture and so forth.  When sports players score a goal, they celebrate by expending energy that seems to be in no short supply by flinging their arms in the air.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Genital Framing 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Genital Framing 3BodyLanguageProjectCom - Genital Framing 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Genital Framing 4Genital framing: A posture where the hands and fingers draw attention to the genitals.  Men can genital frame by placing their thumbs in belt loops and aiming the fingers toward their penis and women can place their hands on their hips aiming the fingers in the same direction.

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Genuine emotions: These are facial expressions that usually only last a fleeting moment, only to quickly disappear.  Facial expressions that last too long and are poorly timed with events are usually insincere.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Gesticulation 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Gesticulation 2Gesticulation: The use of the hands to add colour and meaning to language.  Gesticulation includes movements of the hands such as hitting motions, cutting, begging and so forth.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Gestures Or GestureGestures or gesture: A form of nonverbal communication or body language that produces specific messages and meaning.  They include movements of the hands, face, and body, but do not include other facets of body language such as proxemics, facial expressions and postures, which are ways in which the body holds itself to display meaning.  Gestures include emblems, that are used to replace specific words in speech, and illustrators which are used to colour language, in addition to sign language which is an entire set of body movements used to replace verbal speech altogether.

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Glide (the): An elegant gait type characterized by short but deliberate movements of the feet.

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Greeting gestures: These includes motions designed to greet others and are different across cultures.  They include handshaking, bowing, waving, full salaam, namaste, cheek kissing, hugging, hand kissing and so forth.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Greetings 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Greetings 2Greetings: These include gestures aimed at welcoming someone after a separation or done upon meeting someone for the first time.  They include waves, handshakes, hugs, salutes, bows, curtseys, and so forth and are culturally specific.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Grief MuscleGrief muscle: The French call the area between the brows, the “grief muscle” and is activated to pull the eyebrows together to express both pain, as well as when you wish to inflict it.  This muscle is sometimes flashed across the face as a microexpression.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Grief Or SorrowGrief or sorrow: A general lose of positive energy which tends to override other emotions.  Signs of grief include tears, listlessness, inability to complete common tasks, isolation, apathy, downcast eyes, relaxed facial muscles, slumped body, motionless or slow movement.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Grin Or SmirkGrin or smirk:  This smile indicates smugness and arrogance.  It is a tight lipped smile with the addition of a degree self satisfaction for good measure.  The smirk has accompanying dominant body language such as head back, shoulders back, open postures along with dialogue riddle with exuberant pride.

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Grinder, John, T.: Graduate of the University of San Francisco in the early 1960’s and bests known for his work in neuro-linguistic programming (NLP) with Richard Bandler.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Grooming And Preening 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Grooming And Preening 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Grooming And Preening 4Grooming and preening:  These have two unrelated message in body language.  One meaning says that a person is keeping their bodies clean and presentable to show the world that they are in good mental health since it is one of the first characteristics that becomes lax when disease sets in.  Preening can also be used to show detachment from conversations through eye contact avoidance and attention displacement which is the case when eyes avoid contact with another in order to remove imaginary lint.

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Group dynamics: The study of how people interact in clusters drawing on fields such as psychology, sociology and communication studies including nonverbal body language.  When nonverbalist examine people in groups, a complex array of body language occurs of which is not present in dyadic situations.  When looking at groups it is possible to determine hierarchy, social status, friendliness or lack thereof, attraction and repulsion, amongst many others.

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Guiding body language: Using a hand to lightly push on another person’s back to move them in a desirable position, pulling someone in when shaking hands, using a finger to beckon someone closer, or using alluring eye contact are all ways to influence people to move in ways desirable.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Guillaume DuchenneGuillaume Duchenne: French researcher Guillaume Duchenne was first to research smiles using electrodiagnostics and electrical stimulation to distinguish between real and fake smiles.  The honest smile has also been named after him; the “Duchenne smile.”

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Guilty knowledge 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Guilty knowledge 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Guilty knowledge 3Guilty knowledge: Nonverbal body language that shows discomfort such as hand wringing, foot and hand withdrawal, pacifying behaviours, leaning away, stiff postures and movements, unsmiling lips, furtive looking about, restlessness and tension due to the stress associated with lying.

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Gustatory processing: A secondary way of processing information like visual and auditory except the primary means involves the sense of taste.  It falls out of the normal realm with which people process information they receive but is occasionally referred to as a vestige.  People will use terms such as the following when they refer to their gustatory sense: This just rolls off the tongue.  This deal is sweet like candy.  Don’t be so bitter.  What a juicy story.

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Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

The Body Language Project is the result of a decade of personal research including a thorough review of over 60 primary scientific research journal articles. Learning body language forms the perfect foundation for success in ALL your communication.

If you are only picking up on what is being said, you are missing more than half of the message.

For more information on BodyLanguage be sure to check out: BodyLanguageProject.com and the Ebook – The Body Language Guide to Dating, Attraction and Sexual Body Language.

Non Verbal Body Language Dictionary ::F::

Did we forget a nonverbal term?  Suggest it in the comment box or e-mail it direct, and we’ll be ecstatic to add it!  With well over 500 terms, the BLP dictionary is growing to be the largest free nonverbal dictionary in the world!  Brought to you exclusively by The Body Language Project!  Visit our homepage for more free learning.

Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Face GazeFace gaze: A type of gaze pattern where a person directs eyes to another person’s face (over say their eyes or body).  It can be done in several ways and produce varied feelings depending on the pattern by which it occurs.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Face Platter 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Face Platter 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Face Platter 3Face platter (the): A positive gesture used in courtship done by resting the chin on the backside of the hands and propping it up, essentially “serving the face on a platter.”

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Facial action coding system or FACT: The Facial Action Coding System is a system that deals with forty-six facial movements classified into more than 10,000 microexpressions.  The manual details how the face behaves based on the muscles that control it.  The guide is a combination of still images, digital video and written descriptions and is of interest not only to lie detectors, but also to animators, computer scientists who create facial recognition software and other personnel who need to know how the face moves and why.

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Facial protective response: An involuntary reflex action which produces a tight closing of the eyes or wincing coupled with a lowering of the head or a sharp turn sideways.

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Face wince: Lowered eyebrows due to a sharp pain.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Facial ExpressionsFacial expressions:  A very important form of nonverbal communication that involve the face in displaying various emotional states.  Facial expressions can be voluntary, and at times, involuntary, and others still can flash instantly and disappear just as fast which are called microexpressions.  Facial expressions are diverse, and sometimes universal, such as the six expressions – fear, anger, disgust, sadness, surprise and happiness.  Research has shown that women are much more perceptive of the minute changes in the faces than men and so tend to be more adept at reading facial expressions.

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Facial irregularities: Include blemishes such as moles or warts.  If conspicuous such as a mole at the tip of the nose it can signify that a person is confident in themselves, have been raise in a culture that sees physical appearance as being a low priority, a desire to resist conforming to society, or is rebellious.

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Fake sexual indicator of interest (fsIOI): Positive sexual body language of interest that are not genuine usually delivered by women (but sometimes by men) who wish to gain favours, such as free drinks, money and so forth from the opposite sex.  This is usual for women who work in tip-based industries like severs in bars, restaurants and especially strip clubs who’s sole purpose is to act as if they wish to sleep with their patrons.  Fake indicators of interest can also come from men and women in everyday life who wish to gain access to various forms of resources.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - False Smile Or Ohoney SmileFalse smile or phoney smile: Where the eyes play no part, that is there are no wrinkles in the corners of the eyes as in the Duchenne smile and the mouth is stretched across the face, teeth often bared, with a tense jaw.  This smile is not genuine.

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Fashion:  Clothing is a language in and of itself which provides all sorts of cues about its wearer.  It can indicate sex, age, occupation, origin, social class, personality and beliefs.  Clothing can also tell others where we are headed as well as what we are about to do.  In body language fashion is important to those we wish to impress and also to those whom we pass along the way to meet them.

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Fastidiousness body language: A personality trait that shows through with nonverbal cues includes perfectly pressed shirts, polished shoes, well trimmed beard or eyebrows, precisely positioned pocket scarf and so forth.  These traits reveal a character by matter of degree.  Within limits fastidiousness reveals egotistical, structured, inflexible, unimaginative, vain, and concerned about the impressions of others.  In an extreme form it reveals obsessive compulsive disorder.  When people lack fastidiousness it can be due to a lack of money (with a frugal nature), but only in so much as what is worn is well maintained and cleaned despite is heavy use.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Fear Or Fearful Body LanguageFear or fearful body language: An activation of the flight or fight response through the autonomic system due to extremely negative stimuli.  Nonverbal symptoms of fear include wide eyes, screaming, hands covering the face, a frozen posture, flushing, gulping, looking around nervously, clutching the hands together or gripping an object, blocking the body with the hands, shifting backwards, turning away, grabbing other people, shaking, heavy breathing, holding the breath, walking quickly, stiffness, licking the lips and taking tentative steps.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Fear Facial ExpressionFear facial expression: Fear is characterized by a quick upward movement of the eyebrows formulating wrinkles in the middle of the forehead, raised eyelids and open mouth.  Fear and surprise are easily confused, but fear uses the muscles between the brows called the “grief muscles” as they are activated to express pain as well as when you wish to inflict it.

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Fear response: A primal visceral set of nonverbal cues that stem from fear.  These cues are usually very honest and are seldom faked which makes them extremely reliable and useful.  Fear responses are usually displayed subtly through gesture reduction but can also be extreme where the full body ceases movement and breath is seemingly held.

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Fear smile or fearful smile: A smile where the lips are stretched to form a rectangular shape.  These muscles sometimes pull the corners of the mouth upwards slightly to produce a grimace.  Accompanying the lips stretch is a contraction of the eyebrows together coupled with an upward lift and widened eyes.

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Feedback signals: Nonverbal body language occurring as a two way from person to person as an indication of the level of rapport and agreement being experience.  The signals are wide and varied including head nodding, arms crossing, torso orientation, eye contact and so forth.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Feigned DisinterestFeigned disinterest:  A manipulative body language technique that uses negative body language to attract attention.  Turned the back to an attractive female or walking away during a discussion to induce chasing are two examples of feigned disinterest.  It is a way to conceal true emotions, yet achieves similar or even better results that what might result from genuine cues.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Felt smileFelt smile: A real genuine smile where they muscles surrounding the eyes tighten.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Fetal Position 1Fetal position: An extreme form of closed posture where the knees are pulled into the body and hugged.  The abbreviated form of this position is to pull the limbs in closer to the body and across the centerline as in the “self hug.”

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Fidgeting Or FidgetFidgeting or fidget: Fidgeting is an indication of boredom as the body is given signals to take action and leave the conversation – like the body revving its engine in preparation.  Fidgeting is therefore a substitute to walking or running where neither is socially acceptable or the situation warrants otherwise. Fidgeting includes repetitive behaviours such as tapping the toes, swinging the feet with one crossed over the other, or drumming the fingers.

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Fight or flight response (the): Better termed the freeze, flight or fight response since it truly reflects the order by which the actions take place.  It is telling in body language because bodies that are threatened often show varying degrees of a freeze response, which can be subtle, such as a reduction in gesturing to the more extreme (yet still subtle) such as locking the ankles around a chair.  From there, bodies will tend to indicate a desire to flee by orienting toward doorways with toes and torsos.  This is followed by fight, but only under extreme circumstances, where bodies tense up, fists clench and chins protrude.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Fig Leaf Posture 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Fig Leaf Posture 3BodyLanguageProjectCom - Fig Leaf Posture 5BodyLanguageProjectCom - Fig Leaf Posture 6Fig leaf position:  The fig leaf posture by either sex is a closed body position.  It blocks the private mid section from view.  This posture occurs by placing one or both hands in front of the crotch blocking it from view.  The hands are usually clasped together.  It shows insecurity and occurs when someone is in a novel environment or around people they don’t know and aren’t familiar with.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Figure Four Leg Clamp (the) Or Figure Four Leg Lock Or Leg Clamp 4Figure four seating position (the) or the ankle-knee cross: This seating position occurs as the ankle is pulled over the knee of the opposite leg forming the figure four position.  The figure four is an open, dominant posture, and a seated crotch display.  It is rarely performed by women especially those wearing skirts, but favoured by macho men wishing to impose themselves.  When performed by women, it is as an attempt to be one of the boys.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Figure Four Leg Clamp (the) Or Figure Four Leg Lock Or Leg Clamp 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Figure Four Leg Clamp (the) Or Figure Four Leg Lock Or Leg Clamp 3BodyLanguageProjectCom - Figure Four Leg Clamp (the) Or Figure Four Leg Lock Or Leg Clamp 2Figure four leg clamp (the) or figure four leg lock or leg clamp: Done as above where the ankle is pulled over the knee of the opposite leg forming the figure four position except in this case the arm grabs the ankle to lock it in place.  It indicates a stubborn individual who’s aim is to resisting opinions.

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Filler sounds:  Verbal cues that are used to replace actual words when no words come readily.  Filler sounds include “mmms” and “ahhs” and “like.”  Use of these sounds make a speaker seem less confident and knowledgeable.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Finger moving up the chin 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Finger moving up the chin 3Finger moving up the chin: The index finger is moved up the outside of the cheek from the jaw line toward the temples.  This is an evaluative gesture, but one that leans toward a negative outcome (critical judgement).

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Finger Pointing Or Finger PointerFinger pointing or finger pointer: Pointing fingers is a universal gesture that is negative in nature because it is as if the person is throwing spears.  Finger pointing usually appears during aggressive verbal arguments.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Finger Spreader 2Finger spreader: The hands are held out and finger splayed apart facing palm to the audience.  This is an attempt to make contact with the entire audience.

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First impressions: One of the most important and longest lasting characterization of a person is the result of the first few seconds after meeting.  The first impression is formulated quickly and is long lasting requiring a heavy amount of effort to change once established.  People are said to create first impressions in under 5 seconds making them very important.  First impressions are created by nonverbal characteristics such as style of dress, hygiene, how the body is carried including posture, voice qualities if a person is speaking, and so forth.

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Fist bump: A greeting gesture where two closed fists bump up against each other knuckles first.  It is a signal of cohesion showing solidarity and affection without a great deal of intimacy.  It is usually reserved as a gesture between macho men and is not a submissive gesture.  The fist bump is also a growing way to reduce the spread of germs since the knuckles are usually much drier making them less prone to bacterial growth.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Fish And LureFish and lure: Sexual signals put out by available women in a broadstroke fashion, absent of eye contact and direction, sent off into the room at large in efforts to attract solicitors.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Fist ClenchingFist clenching: Holding the fists clenched shows aggression, defensiveness and sometimes a readiness to attack.  First clenching sometimes happens when no physical attack is immanent and is a restraint posture.

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Five cardinal rules of body language:  To learn the true story about a person using body language one must use the five cardinal rules which are the ‘rule of four’, congruency, context, baselining, and intuition.

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Flamboyance or flamboyant style: A nonverbal term used to describe clothing with bright colours, shocking and unique attire, eye grabbing jewelry, and other articles that produce interest.  They can include funky hats, big belt buckles and gaudy earrings amongst others.  People who wear this type of dress are seeking attention.  Extremely flamboyant people are sometimes insecure, lonely, needy and bored or dissatisfied with their life but at other times they are confident and self-assured.  The nonverbal message created by flamboyance includes creativity, artesian, well-to-do, lack of practicality, noncomformist, don’t care what others think provided they have an audience, independent and flaky.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Flashbulb EyesFlashbulb eyes:  Happens by dramatically opening the eyes as big and wide as possible.  The eyebrows usually arch in unison as well to make the eyes appear even larger.  The cue is usually done to indicate surprise and positive emotions such as being excited to see someone, or have been given a promotion.

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Flash frozen: When movement in the body of a person suddenly stops.  Happens due to the presentation of a stimuli that creates high immediate anxiety.

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Fleeting expressions: Facial expressions that are very brief in duration.  They are habitually reliable and honest cues that are genuinely felt.  Usually they occur in only one-fifth of a second.  They are sometimes referred to as microexpressions.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - FlirtationFlirtation: A form of human interaction between two people expressing a sexual or romantic interest.  Flirting body language is numerous and varied and includes hair tosses, preening, smiling and touching.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - FlirtingFlirting: A body language transaction between people that indicates sexual interest.  Flirting includes romantic eye contact, increased proximity, touching, laughing or telling jokes, smiling, grooming and conversations with sexual overtones.  Women flirt through various nonverbal displays such as hair tossing, lip licking and displays of the neck and men use displays of dominance such as crotch displays and appearing larger through body spreading.  Flirting nonverbal communication is not always a prelude to sexual intimacy, it is sometimes used just to test interest, or for pure amusement.

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Floor apportionment: The turn taking that happens between people when speaking which is controlled by various nonverbal signals such as nods, grunts, shifting of gaze, lip parting (as if to speak), tone of voice, and so forth.  Floor apportionment refers to a speaker “having the floor.”

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Flow: Body language is like verbal and written language; it has structure.  Body language flows, it has its own rhythm, vocabulary, grammar and punctuation. Part of the way things come together is connected to congruence, meaning that the overall body of language comes together seamlessly to produce coherent messages.

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fMRI: is the abbreviation for functional magnetic resonance imaging which enables researchers to create maps of the brain’s networks as it processes thoughts, sensations, memories, and motor commands.  The fMRI measures blood flow and hence measures which areas of the brain are using up oxygen faster and are working harder.  Proponents of fMRI machines in lie detection claim that if you can get hits in all three zones of the brain at the same time you can catch liars.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Foot Forward Leg StanceFoot forward leg stance: A standing position where one foot is placed in front of the other and the weight is shifted to one hip.  The pointed foot indicates where the mind wishes to go.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Foot Kicking Or Jiggling Or Leg Kick ResponseFoot kicking or jiggling or leg kick response: Foot kicking while seated shows that a person has heard something negative.  It is a response to discomfort and is a direct consequence of the fight or flight response.

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Forced laughter:  Laughter that is meant to disguise hidden anxiety or disagreement, be polite, or in efforts to connect with new people.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Forehead BowForehead bow: The forehead bow is a posture done by artificially lowering the head, then looking up from under the eyebrows.  It is a submissive posture and can be done by anyone but is especially prevalent during courtship.  When done by women toward a man it is a “come hither” look and when done by children shows shyness and submission.  It has roots in the bow (greeting gesture).

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Four minute rule: The four minute rule says that life-long impressions about people are formulated in the mind’s of others within the first four minutes of meeting someone.  Once a judgment has been past, people will vigorously resist changing it making that time block the most important.

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Follower (the): A type of client who wishes the salesperson to take charge.  They are unsure of what they are looking for, usually ask inappropriate questions, show submissive body language, show timidity and nervousness and take up less space than normal.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Forehead RubbingForehead rubbing: Rubbing the forehead is an indication of an internal struggle or discomfort.

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Friendly clients: A type of client that wishes to build rapport, they use plenty of eye contact, touch, and like to chat. They wish to be sold on the entire package including the sale pitch and the salesman.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Friendship Touching Or Friendly TouchingFriendship touching or friendly touching: Touching aimed at creating or maintaining bonds such as back rubbing, hugging, placing the arm around the back, shaking hands, etc.

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Fred Inbau: The most influential manual regarding suspect interviewing was written by Fred Inbau, Reid and Buckley in 2001 “Criminal interrogation and confession” and is the handbook used by police officers in training.

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Freeze, fight or flight: The fight or flight response is a misnomer especially as it applies to body language since it is not actually how humans or other animals respond to stress and danger.  Most animals, humans included, will naturally sequence freeze, flight and flight in that order.  Freezing is important to assess the situation, for how does one know what they are running from, and in what direction, if they don’t first identify the object of their fear and this is reflected in many forms through nonverbal cues.

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Freezing or stiffened movement: A flight or flight response where through visceral processes the body ceases up and significantly reducers or eliminates normal fluid movement.  This is due to fear, anxiety, or lying and accompanies negative stimuli.  The degree of freezing is proportional to the degree of stress caused.  The freeze response is designed to reduce the attention that movement otherwise attracts.  This is called “hiding in plain sight.”

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Frowning Or FrownFrowning or frown: A downward pull of the corners of the mouth and eyelids showing displeasure or disapproval.

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Frozen hands: Hands that seem to suddenly stop moving can sometimes indicate that lying is taking place but is more reliably and indicator of discomfort.  Frozen hands is part of the freeze response due to fear.

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Frustration or frustrated body language: Nonverbal cues which are exhibited by people who feel a lack of power to rectify an issue.  They can either be “confrontational” such as frequent direct eye contact, repeating phrases several times, violations of personal space, heavy gesticulation, pointing and shrugging or they can be “surrendering” such as sighs, rapid exhalation, grimacing, hands on the hips, hands on the head, melodramatic movements, rolling the eyes, shaking the head, throwing the hands in the air, shrugging, turning and walking away.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Fk Me EyesF%$k me eyes: A sexual eye pattern usually best accomplished by women who indicate to men that they wish to have sex with them.  When most obvious the eye patterns make women appear predatory.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - FugitiveFugitive (the): A state of mind wherein the body indicates a desire to flee.  The body takes up closed body positions and leans back and away from whomever they are with.  This indicates boredom or a desire to leave, hence the term fugitive.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Full Body Hug Or EmbraceFull body hug or embrace: One of two types of hugs.  This one is reserved for sexual partners and occurs with full chest to chest and hip to hip contact.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Full Body Steeple, Catapult (the), Or Hooding Effect (the) 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Full Body Steeple, Catapult (the), Or Hooding Effect (the) 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Full Body Steeple, Catapult (the), Or Hooding Effect (the) 3Full body steeple, catapult (the), or the hooding effect: Occurs by placing both hands up and behind the head while seated.  It is an extremely dominant and possibly arrogant display.  The full body steeple is common to professionals such as lawyers, accountants, managers, bosses, and others that feel superior then their counterparts.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Full LipsFull lips: When the lips are relaxed and plump opposite to lip pursing.  This nonverbal cue indicates true contentment.

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Full salaam: A greeting gesture performed by touching the chest just above the heart, bringing the hand up and touching the forehead with the fingers and then sweeping the hand up and out.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Furrowed ForeheadBodyLanguageProjectCom - Furrowed Forehead 2Furrowed forehead: Frowning done by creasing the forehead and brow indicates anxiousness, sadness, concentration, concern, bewilderment or anger.

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Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

The Body Language Project is the result of a decade of personal research including a thorough review of over 60 primary scientific research journal articles. Learning body language forms the perfect foundation for success in ALL your communication.

If you are only picking up on what is being said, you are missing more than half of the message.

For more information on BodyLanguage be sure to check out: BodyLanguageProject.com and the Ebook – The Body Language Guide to Dating, Attraction and Sexual Body Language.

 

Non Verbal Body Language Dictionary ::E::

Did we forget a nonverbal term?  Suggest it in the comment box or e-mail it direct, and we’ll be ecstatic to add it!  With well over 500 terms, the BLP dictionary is growing to be the largest free nonverbal dictionary in the world!  Brought to you exclusively by The Body Language Project!  Visit our homepage for more free learning.

Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Ear BlushingEar blushing: Reddening of the ears due to emotional stress.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Ear FlushEar grab or ear rub or ear rubbing: The ear grab refers to a subconscious desire to “hear no evil” and is done by reaching up and pulling the ear in response to hearing or saying discomforting things.

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Echoing:  Is like mirroring where similar body postures are replicated, but of which happen sometime later.  It is a technique that makes the rapport building process more subtle.  In echoing, postures and gestures are not concurrent with what is going on with others, but instead happen after some time has elapsed.  To be effective, echoing happens within thirty seconds to a minute of separation, but can even happen with several minutes of separation, where only subtle rapport is felt.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Ejector Seat PositionEjector seat position: A sitting position where the hands are placed on the thighs near the knees and the body leans forward onto them indicating a readiness to leave.  One foot might also be extended forward in the direction one wishes to leave.

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Eibl-Eeibesfeldt, Irenaus: Born in 1928, he is the founder of human ethology and has contributed many studies regarding human behaviour.

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Ejector seat position: A sitting position where the hands are placed on the thighs near the knees and the body leans forward onto them indicating a readiness to leave.  One foot might also be extended forward in the direction one wishes to leave.

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Ekman, Paul: Ekman was born in 1934 and is noted for his extensive work on facial expressions and emotions.  His key finding is that facial expressions are universal and not culturally determined denoting a biological or inherent origins rather then learned or cultural.  The key emotions include anger, disgust, fear, joy, sadness and surprise.

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Elective physical characteristics: One of two types of outer physical traits that a person might have from which a person might be judged (the other being nonelective).  An elective trait includes the type of fashion chosen, tattoos, piercing, hygiene, hair style, use of make-up, accessories, and so forth.  These are important cues to the nonverbal reader since they are chosen by the wearer and so can predict underlying emotions, characteristics and personality about a person.  These elective characteristics tell about who a person would rather be.

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Embarrassment (nonverbal):  Nonverbal signals that indicate discomfort due to being out of place or being put on the spot with unwanted attention.  It is frequently confused with anger, defensiveness, or nervousness because people often wish not to be perceived as embarrassed.  It includes signals such as blushing and trembling, in addition to submissive postures such as lowering the head, turning the shoulders inward or away, avoiding eye contact, nervous laughter, shaking the head, and a freeze response which includes reduced movement overall, less gesturing and a loss for words or fleeing so as to escape the negative stimuli.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - EmblemsEmblems: Quotable gestures that have a direct verbal translation which are culturally specific which can be used as replacement for words.  The middle finger is an obvious gesture to Westerners and so too is the peace signal (or V-sign) which can also mean victory or and insult in other cultures.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Emotional Body LanguageEmotional body language: Any body language that serves to display feelings such as fear, anger, sadness, timidity or shyness, disgust, and happiness.

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Emotional commitment: In body language it refers to the lack of objectivity a nonverbalist might experience due to a premature prediction.  Because people have fallible traits, they may have a deep desire to maintain an inaccurate assessment instead of modifying their predictions as new information is presented.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Emotional DowntimeEmotional downtime: Research shows that every three seconds, on average, people ‘slip away’ to be with their own thoughts and internalize what is happening around them.  This ‘downtime’ allows our brains the time it needs to process, the information that is happening all around us.  People that are taking downtime will exhibit characteristic body language such as appearing blank in the face, pauses in breathing, subtle chewing of the lips, or very brief eye freezes or glazing over.

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Emotional intelligence:  Abbreviated EQ is a relative measure of a person’s awareness of emotions in others as well as their relative ability to deal with them in a positive way.  A part of EQ is the understanding of emotional communication coupled with the ability to emphatically convey emotions to others.

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Emotional short-circuiting: A primarily limbic response that overrides logical thought sending a person into fits of anger, panic, fear and so forth, preventing them from doing constructive work and instead sending them into various unproductive behaviour eluded to through nonverbal channels.  Only a well tuned individual such as those in the armed forces, police, paramedics, firefighters and other high stress professions can overcome emotional short-circuiting from occurring.

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Emotional suppression: Occurs when a person tries to suppress or hide emotions from others especially through their nonverbal channels.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - EmotionsBodyLanguageProjectCom - Emotions 2Emotions: Most researchers agree that the following six emotions tend to be recognized by all cultures: happiness (enjoyment), distress (sadness), anger, disgust, surprise and fear.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - EmphasisEmphasis: Gestures that usually indicate honesty though greater than normal commitment.  They are “over-the-top” and have a higher amplitude that ordinary gestures and might even be repeated several times.  Emphasizing gestures also makes them more memorable and therefore more useful when trying to deliver important information.

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Emphatic gestures:  Gestures that reinforce spoken words such as finger jabbing, batoning or chopping hands, hand clapping, foot stomping and so forth.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Encroaching 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Encroaching 2Encroaching: Body language that takes advantage of proxemics to violate a person’s personal space and territory.  It involves standing too close, standing over someone by exploiting height differences, touching when un-welcomed, and even raising voices or the volume of music to violate the privacy and comfort of others.

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Endorphins: A natural painkilling hormone that is released to sooth the body as a result of touching from others or the self and high physical stress or strain.  Self soothing or stroking such as rubbing the hands, the arms or the hair are nonverbal cues indicating a need for endorphins to sooth and that stress is present.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Energy DisplacementEnergy Displacement: When someone talks about energy displacement and body language they are talking about movements that spawn relief.  For example, someone that is nervous or excited will rub their legs, but they can also rub their hands together or stroke an object vigorously.  The action gives them something to do and also allows them to release some of their pent-up energy.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Enthusiasm NonverbalEnthusiasm (nonverbal): Refers to the relative amplitude that is carried through on the nonverbal message.  We say that a person is enthusiastic when they gesture with exaggerated motions, commit to them throughout their message, use different variations if messages are misinterpreted, and sometimes even repeat them.  Using arms in speech such as pointing, hitting the fist against the palm, jumping up and down, raising the voice and flashing the eyes, are just a few examples of showing enthusiasm.  Enthusiasm has been positively tied to honesty in nonverbal messages.

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Environmental cues or artifacts: These are objects that form part of a person’s habitat (house, office, etc.) which provide clues to their character and disposition.  They include a person’s automobile, their house and how it is decorated, their accolades in their office, photographs they keep on the wall and so forth.

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Erythrophobia:  A term applied to a medical condition that creates blushing due to the fear of blushing.  Blushing is a reflex controlled unconsciously by our sympathetic nervous system, but in people with this condition the mere fear of blushing causes them to blush, and so they blush much more frequently with minimal stimulus.  In body language, it is a misleading nonverbal message since the conditions by which they occur are somewhat detached from a regular person.  In other words, the condition produces blushing that does not indicate severe stress or discomfort.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Escape MovementsEscape movements: Any body language that indicates a desire to leave a situation.  The most common type of cue includes pointing the toes toward the doorway.  A second cue is casting the eyes in any direction other then conversation at hand to seek ways of exiting.

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Ethology: From the Greek work “ethos” meaning “character” is the scientific study of animal behaviour, however in recent times it has been extended to human behaviour and social organizations.  Because of its origins, it is a subtopic of zoology.  The study of ethology draws from many other disciplines including ecology, evolution, neurology, physiology, and when applied to humans, psychology, sociology or biopsychology.  Ethology follows animal emotions, animal cultures and sexual behaviour.  A large part of the framework by which behaviour is typed is based on evolution by natural selection.  When ethology deals with humans it strongly relates to inherited or natural body language.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - European Leg Cross 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - European Leg Cross 1European leg cross (the): A sitting position whereby the leg is crossed neatly over the other.  It is the most common seating position in European, Asian and British cultures.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Evaluative Body Language Or Critical Evaluation 3BodyLanguageProjectCom - Evaluative Body Language Or Critical Evaluation 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Evaluative Body Language Or Critical Evaluation 2Evaluative body language or critical evaluation: Gestured that indicate that a person hasn’t yet, but is working toward a decision.  They include chin stroking or hand resting on cheek or chin, removing or putting on glasses, neck rubbing, stoking the side of the nose, looking upward and so forth.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Evasive ActionsEvasive actions: Nonverbal body language such as distancing, turning away, eye avoidance and turning the feet toward an exit that indicate a desire to escape a stimuli.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Evil EyesEvil eyes: Unblinking staring eyes fill with contempt.

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Exhaling or “blowing off steam”: A rapid expulsion of air indicating tension or frustration.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Expansive MovementsExpansive movements: A dominance driven response to appear larger and more authoritative.  It includes leg and arm spreading, puffing out the chest, placing the hands on the hips, and so forth.  Men are usually those who use expansive movements whereas women typically use diminutive movements which are the polar opposite.

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Extended eye blink or extended blink or extended eye closure: The extended eye blink is performed by arrogant individuals as they temporarily shut off the outside world as if it were irrelevant.  They are sending a message to others that what they are doing and feeling isn’t worth their energy and thought and that they either bore them, or they are superior to you.  The extended blink is a form of eye blocking which protects a person from distasteful images and ideas.

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Extravagance: A person who habitually goes over the top with the objects and events in their life.  This type of person is usually more concerned about what other people think and have a desire to be accepted.  Someone can be said to be extravagant if they own expensive toys especially if they are rarely used.

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Extravagant dresser or extravagant fashion: A type of style which is more focused on style rather than on comfort.  This type of dresser is image conscious, suffers from poor self-esteem and has a desire to be accepted by others.  Extravagance includes expensive watches, colour coordinated accessories, manicured nails and expensive haircuts.

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Extroverts: People that become energized by stimulus and seek out noisy and busy environments.  Extroverts have a high tolerance for stimulus and require a lot to keep themselves amused.  Amusement parks, busy downtown areas, any place with lots of movement and loud noises make the extrovert feel at ease.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Eye Accessing CuesEye accessing cues: A technique stemming from NLP that assesses thoughts based on eye movements.  For example, eyes up and left indicates a visual imagined thought which can provide clues to lying, whereas up and right indicates visual remembered.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Eye AversionEye aversion:  Eye aversion is used to prevent other from resorting to an attack response and prevents others from seeing us as a threat.  Subordinates commonly avoid eye contact with dominant individual to indicate submission and respect.

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Eyeball assault: When a person becomes overly aggressive with eye contact.  Eye assault happens when men appear to undress women, or stare other men down.  Women might appear to give “dirty looks.”  Assault is a matter of length and type.  Lingering stares of unbroken eye contact is the high of eyeball assault.  Eyeball assault violates the moral looking time.

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Eye blink rate: Refers to periods of excitement as it relates to an increase in blinking.  The more we blink the more we are prepared for action as we keep our eyes moist.  Pronounced eye blinking can happen during sexual arousal and attraction or while under pressure.  A rapid series of eye blinks can also indicate an inner struggle or distress.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Eye BlockingEye blocking: A term used to describe eyes that are constricted by squinting, covered with the hands, or shielded in any other way, in response to negative stimuli.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Eyebrow CockEyebrow cock: A mixed eyebrow movement where one eyebrow is raised while the other is lowered.  It represents both aggression and fear at the same time due to the division of high and low, and when mixed, indicates suspicion or skepticism.

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Eyebrow flash: The eyebrow flash has been studied for decades most notably by Eibl-Eibesfeldt and has been shown to be a long distance universal social greeting.  It is a sort of nonverbal “hello”.  The eyebrow flash happens very briefly and lasts only about one-sixth of a second.

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Eyebrow hold:  Happens when the eyebrows raise and pause for a second when someone seeks an approval gesture such as a head nod or vocal agreement.  It indicates a lack of knowledge or even helplessness.  Politicians and children do this often when they seek approval, it says “So, what do you think, have I don’t a good job?”

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Eyebrow(s) knit: The eyebrows are raised simultaneously and drawn inward toward each other producing both horizontal creases in the forehead and vertical creases between the eyebrows.  It signifies intense grief and anxiety.

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Eyebrow lowering:  Eyebrows that are lowered indicate confrontation, anger and aggression, but if they are dropped low enough and kept low, they indicate deep weakness and insecurity.

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Eyebrows shrug: The eyebrows are raised, held for a moment, then lowered.  It signifies mild, yet unpleasant surprise and may be used in speech to emphasize certain important points.

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Eye coding: Nonverbal communication done exclusively through eye contact and eye patterns.  Eye coding is the conveyance of meaning and information between two or more people, usually women (and gay men).  It is especially applicable in PUA where women will approve or disapprove of the pick-up of others in their group based on looks alone.  In other words, eye coding is when women verify the impressions of their friends of the man who has approached.  Conveyed meaning include “I think this guy is cute/creepy”, “We should leave”, “I’m okay, you can go” and so forth.

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Eye contact: Refers to two people looking directly into each other’s eyes (versus their toward their face, mouth or body).

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Eye DirectionEye direction: Eye movements are a key component of NLP whereby eye direction outlines thought process.  For most right-handed people, eye movement up and to the left is a signal of accessing a visual memory, movement up and right means that a person is trying to construct a visual image.  Eyes either right or left, but still level, indicate an auditory process such as remembering sounds and words.  Down and left indicate internal dialogue or self talk and down and right indicate a tactile or visceral feeling.  When the eyes are straight ahead, unfocused or dilated they signal visual or any sensory information.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Eye FlashEye flash:  The eye flash lasts on average for only 0.75 seconds and is a momentary widening of the eyelids during a conversation.  It includes no involvement of the eyelids.  The widening is usually wide enough to reveal the sclera which is the whites of the surrounding the iris.  The eyeflash when given by a speaker, emphasizes specific words being spoken and can serve to change the meaning of a given word or phrase.  It normally accompanies adjectives rather than any other parts of speech, and women use it more often them men.

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Eye flutter or eye fluttering: An increase in the rate of blinking in response to arousal, nervousness or concern.  The eyes flutter in response to an internal struggle.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Eye-GazeEye-gaze:  Happens when the gaze is directed toward the eyes of another but of which that person might not reciprocate (as in mutual gaze).

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Eye gaze behaviour: Eye patterns that show hidden meaning and hidden thoughts.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Eye Glasses Body LanguageEye glasses body language: Eye glasses carry many stereotypic nonverbal messages, most of which are positive.  Researchers have found that subjects rate wearers of glasses are more intelligent, knowledgeable and studious.  In fact, they are attributed with an increase in IQ.  In contrast, when women wear glasses with provocative attire they conjure images of naughty librarians and so carry multiple meanings.  Eye glasses though can also decrease social quotients when the remaining nonverbals don’t measure up producing an image of nerdiness.

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Eye movements: Originated by American psychologist Grinder and Bandler and part of NLP – eye movements, specifically directions, are useful in predicting channels of thought accessed by a person.  They can signify recalling sights, smells, tastes, or tactile memories.  When people remember things they saw, their eyes will move upwards, if they recall something they heard, they will look to the side, emotions are recalled by looking down or to the right, and when accessing constructed memories, people will look down and to the left.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Eye Rolling Or Eye ShrugEye rolling or eye shrug: This cue is done by rolling the eyes around in a semi circle from bottom to top, or looking straight up.  It says disbelief as in “I can’t believe you just said this, you are a fool”, contempt, sarcasm, and a lack of respect.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Eye Rubbing 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Eye Rubbing 2Eye rubbing: Occurs as the hand comes up and rubs the eye with the eyelid closed.  This is widespread gesture indicating a negative thought and disbelieve in what is being said.  The underlying thought is that a person “can’t believe what they are seeing.”

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Eyes defocused or eyes unfocused: When the eyes are unmoving and stare blankly.  Indicates that attention is focused inward rather than outward.

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Eyes flutter or batting eyes: When the eyelids are opened and closed in rapid succession.  Used to invoke feelings of protectiveness in others by appearing more childlike.

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Eyes glistening: Eyes that appear moist due to active tear ducts.  Indicates arousal that is an order less than that which produces actual tears.  It can show passion, love, anguish, distress, or bereavement.

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Eyes multi-blink: A rapid eyelid movement open and closed when a person is on the verge of tears.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Eyes Narrowing Or Eyes Squinting Or FurrowingEyes narrowing or eyes squinting or furrowing: When the eyelids are compressed constricting the eyes.  Indicates contempt, distaste and distain.

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Eyes super-blink: An exaggerated closing of the eyelids that is slow in speed but has a high amplitude.  It is used to indicate feigned surprise as in “I can’t believe what I’m seeing.”

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Eyes Weep Or CryingEyes weep or crying: When the eyes produce secretions due to extreme pain or joy.

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Eye widening: Eye widening is a positive nonverbal cue indicating that someone is observing positive stimuli that bring them joy and happiness.  The size of the eyes directly indicates how positive someone is about a topic or other stimuli.

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Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

The Body Language Project is the result of a decade of personal research including a thorough review of over 60 primary scientific research journal articles. Learning body language forms the perfect foundation for success in ALL your communication.

If you are only picking up on what is being said, you are missing more than half of the message.

For more information on BodyLanguage be sure to check out: BodyLanguageProject.com and the Ebook – The Body Language Guide to Dating, Attraction and Sexual Body Language.

Non Verbal Body Language Dictionary ::D::

Did we forget a nonverbal term?  Suggest it in the comment box or e-mail it direct, and we’ll be ecstatic to add it!  With well over 500 terms, the BLP dictionary is growing to be the largest free nonverbal dictionary in the world!  Brought to you exclusively by The Body Language Project!  Visit our homepage for more free learning.

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Dart (the): A type of gait characterized by short, yet indecisive burst.  It signifies indecision and lack of direction.

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Darwin, Charles R.: Born 1882, Darwin was an English naturalist who proposed the mechanism of natural selection within the theory of evolution.  It stated that all species of life descended from a common ancestor through decent with modification.  He explained his findings in his 1859 book “On the origins of species.”  In 1872 he published a book titled “The Expression of the emotions in man and animals” that discussed how animals and humans express their instinctive behaviours.  In his book, he covers how man and animals both express similar states of mind by the same movements.  Darwin covered “low spirits” such as anxiety, grief, dejection and despair, “high spirits” such as joy, love, tender feelings and devotion, along with hatred, anger, disdain, contempt, disgust, guilt, pride, helplessness, patience, affirmation, surprise, astonishment, fear, horror, shame, shyness, modesty and blushing.

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Death grip handshake: A macho bone crushing grip indicating aggressive personalities who intend to try to dominant you from the start.

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Debbie downer: Term used to describe a person who drags other people down simply by portraying negative body language or topics.  We say these people are pessimistic and they bring us down because all people tend to mirror those around them.  Therefore their negative attitude produces negative feelings around them serving to drag others down as well. Even nonverbal language where no spoken words exist can spread from person to person.

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Decoding: The act of extracting useful and accurate information based on visual nonverbal cues emitted by another person or persons.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Defensive Body Language Or Defensiveness 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Defensive Body Language Or Defensiveness 2Defensive body language or defensiveness: Defensive body language is a set of postures that make the body feel protected, secure and comfortable in awkward situations.  Defensive body language is also similar to submissive body language in that the postures are aimed at protecting vulnerable parts of our bodies, or in size reduction turning our bodies into smaller targets.  Examples include crossed arms, gripping crossed arms, partial arm crosses or masked arm crosses, leg crosses, ankle crosses and foot locking, clenching the teeth, jaws or lips, averting the eyes, hands on the hips, quick exhalation and exiting from a situation.

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Deliberate body language: Body language that is consciously emitted and controlled so as to create a desirable impression.  When a person feigns politeness when they really feel anger, rage or dislike, they are using deliberate body language.  Deliberate body language is usually used to maintain social norms, hide negative feelings and display confidence.  Deliberate nonverbal language is less useful than spontaneous nonverbals because it represents the image a person wishes to convey rather than true underlying emotions.  The nonverbalist will be careful to study these as well however, since they provide clues as to how a person wishes to be perceived by others.

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Democratic bosses: Democratic bosses are most often female and their most popular sentiment is to make others feel welcome and comfortable.  They will try to build personal relationships and welcome new ideas and thoughts to the conversation.  Their office will have informal meeting places and the door will ‘always be open’.  Other signals of the democratic leader, is her desire to build rapport, she will use touch more often if possible.  To work with this type of boss, mirror their language.  Use open body language when she does, and feel free to chat with her when necessary.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Depressive Body Language Or Depressed Body Language Or DepressionDepressive body language or depressed body language or depression: When the body is weighed down by gravity such as slumping the head and shoulders, it is an indication that a person does not feel well emotionally.  Depressive body language also includes desire for isolation, poor concentration, inability to focus on tasks or plan ahead, low and quiet speech, relaxed or slack body, downcast eyes, poor grooming, dejected facial expressions and inexpressive eyes, slow and deliberate movements, change in appetite, forgetfulness.  Those with negative feelings lack a characteristic bounce and enthusiasm in their body movements.

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Designer labels: When a person tends toward wearing or carrying items that include prominent logos.  These are clues to a person’s values and lifestyle and can outline a person’s hobbies or their desire to display wealth.  The nonverbalist should make note of apparel because it is not randomly chosen, but is a reflection of a person’s character and goals.  Prominent logos indicates image conscious who lacks confidence who is trying to buy credibility, souvenir t-shirts reveal a person who is trying to appear worldly, sports shirts indicate team affiliations.  These themes are more meaningful when they are repeated from day-to-day.

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Dilated pupils: In body language dilated pupils indicate that a person is aroused, be it from fear or attraction.  When the eyes view something stimulating, they dilate or open so as to allow more light to penetrate making seeing easier.  Various studies show that our pupils also respond to positive stimuli by constricting when a person sees unpleasant or uninteresting stimuli.  For example, pupils constrict when viewing nude images of the same sex but dilate when viewing images of the opposite sex.

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Diminutive movements: Movements motivated by submission which render the body less expansive and more compressed.  Women are habitually seen performing this stance when trying to appear attractive to men and men will use the gesture to reduce punishment.  It is performed by head lowering or bowing, pulling the arms in, crossing the legs instead of spreading them, lowered eyes and curling up.  Gesturing is also reduced and when it happens, the limbs remain close to the body rather then form sweeping motions.

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Disappearing lips: When the lips are compressed tightly due to stress, anxiety and negative thought processes.  It is opposite to full expressive lips that show contentment.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Disapproval Cues 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Disapproval Cues 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Disapproval Cues 3Disapproval cues: Nonverbal signals that are culturally specific that serve to indicate that a behaviour is not permitted.  These usually emanate from the face (“the look”), but can also stem from the body such as arm crossing, finger wagging, distancing behaviours, body orientation or ventral denial.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Discomfort Body LanguageDiscomfort body language: Includes any body language that says that a person feels threatened.  It includes body language such as ventral denial, reduced proximity, erecting barriers, freezing or reduced movement, lack of mirroring, increases in heart rate, breath rate, sweating, a change in normal colour in the face or neck, trembling or shaking in the hands lips, or elsewhere, compressing the lips, speech errors, unfriendliness, withdrawal, anger, nervousness, fidgeting, drumming the fingers and other repetitive behaviours.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - DisengagementDisengagement: Body language that shows that a person wishes to exit a conversation or topic.  It is usually signaled by orienting the body away from the speaker or by creating distance such as stepping away or leaning backward.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Disguised GesturesDisguised gestures: A form of partial gesture that is incomplete and abbreviated yet hidden from view or stymied.  For example, hands that rest of the lap can be turned palm upward signifying that ones doesn’t know or the shoulders might raise only a fraction of a degree to indicate that one is unsure.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Disgust 2Disgust: One of the six main universal facial expressions characterized by eyebrows that are turned inward, raised upper lip, winkled nose and a raise in cheek muscles.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - DislikeDislike (nonverbal): Nonverbal communication that shows a person lacks a connection and is in disagreement with another person.  Dislike is conveyed through reduced or nonexistent eye contact, neutral facial expressions or scowling, polite smiles or non at all, ventral denial, head shaking, reduced proximity of leaning away, lack of touch or touch avoidance, hand withdrawal.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Displacement BehaviourDisplacement behaviour: Displacement behaviours include actions set to preoccupy in order to dehumanize the outside world – especially in more crowded areas.  The list of behaviours included nail biting, gum chewing, grooming, tapping the does, head scratching or playing with jewelry, but can also mean looking and acting ‘out of touch’ or closed off.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Distancing Or Moving AwayDistancing or moving away: When the entire body, or part of the body moves away, rather than toward, someone or something.  Distancing indicates that a person is not in tune with whatever it is they are being repelled by.  In other words, arms or legs can be pulled away from people when there is a lack of agreement.

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Dodpi: Abbreviation for The Department Of Defense Polygraph Institute.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Dominant Body Language 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Dominant Body Language 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Dominant Body Language 5BodyLanguageProjectCom - Dominant Male StanceDominant body language:  This is any body language that increases the area the body takes up.  Shoulder up and back, head held high, arms out and relaxed, legs apart.  The greater the area the body takes up, the more dominant the body language.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Dominant Male StanceDominant male stance:  A stance where the feet lie flat on the ground, weight is across both feet, the arms are placed to the side rather than in pockets and hands do not prop up against a wall or table.  The hips are forced forward slight, with the legs just wider than shoulder width.

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Dominator (the): A type of client who makes strong eye contact, is suspicious of the salespersons motives, uses a firm voice, neutral or negative facial expressions, may be grabby and uses touch to influence the salesperson.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Double Arm Hug Or Self Hugging 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Double Arm Hug Or Self Hugging 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Double Arm Hug Or Self Hugging 3Double arm hug or self hugging:  Hugging ones self is both defensive and a closed body position.  Hugging can be done by grabbing both arms across the body or by clasping one arm onto the arm on the opposite side.  People who hold this posture exclaim that they are cold, but in reality, the cold sensation stems from feeling awkward.

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Double gripper politician handshake or double hander (the): Both hands are used to sandwich the other person’s hand.  It is an intimate handshake but in the wrong company can be taken as insincere and create negative feelings.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Doubt Or Disbelief Body LanguageDoubt or disbelief body language:  Nonverbal cues that signify that an idea or thought is being reject.  Body language revealing disbelief includes looking down, away, or upward, rubbing the eyes or lightly touching the inside corner or the eye, eye rolling, looking askance, twitching the nose and grabbing the ears, head shaking, grimacing, turning the corners of the mouth and exhaling quickly through the teeth.

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Dowdiness or rumpled or unkempt: A nonverbal term referring to a persons dress that is wrinkled but otherwise fairly clean, shapeless, outdated, bland, messy, unflattering, out-of-date and well worn.  It signifies a low socioeconomic background, that a person is artistic, intellectual, or is the absent minded professor, is preoccupied or is just outfight sloppy.  This type of person is usually preoccupied with other passions and lacks the interest to put anything into their look.  Other times they are just outright slobs and don’t care.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - DowntimeDowntime: Occurs roughly every three seconds whereby our minds ‘slip away’ and out of consciousness to give our minds time to relax and process information and to think about what we want to say next.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Down-Turned Smile Or Reverse SmileDown-turned smile or reverse smile:  Happens when the mouth is inverted into a down-facing “u” shape.  It indicates high stress, unhappiness, anger, tension and depression.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Downward Gaze Or Eyes DownDownward gaze or eyes down: Eyes that are averted by looking down.  Indicates submission, coyness, lack of certainty, defeat, guilt, shame or embarrassment.

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Dominance quotient: Abbreviated DQ is the relative desire to dominate situations and others.  There are three types, they are a) low dominance and uncomfortable with power, b) accept power, but don’t go after it and resist it from others c) go after power whenever possible.

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Double wink: The double wink is done by blinking both eyes at the same time and holding them closed for a slightly longer period of time than that which is found in a natural blink.  It is a less aggressive form of the single wink which some women find off-putting.

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Dressing for context: Consciously planning attire so as to carefully match or exceed (within limits) the dress of those in your immediate company so as to impress.  It means avoiding clothing that is far too dressy or far to relaxed.  This technique will yield the best possible results.

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Dressing for respect: Exceeding, or at least matching the fashion of those whom are in your immediate company so as to build authority.  Wearing polished suites, shoes and being well groomed in the presents of more casual wear will yield leadership qualities whereas dressing similarly, like mirroring will help build rapport.  Dressing for respect also says that wearing clothing that is stylish demonstrates respect for other people because it implies that one cares about the opinions of others.

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Dressing to impress or dress to impress: The act of consciously planning and coordinating attire to suit a given function such that it creates positive feelings in others.  When done properly, dressing to impress commands respect and authority from others.

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Dry coughing: A nervousness becomes more intense a person can be heard dry-coughing.  This is a limbic response to a reduction in salivation.

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Duchenne smile: This smile is called the honest smile and its giveaway is the appearance of crow’s feet at the corner of the eyes.  It draws its name from the French researcher Guillaume Duchenne who used electrodiagnostics and electrical stimulation to istinguish between real and fake smiles.

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Duping delight: Paul Ekman coined the term “duping delight” to explain possible reasons for an increase in certain cues while lying was taking place.  For example, fear and guilt associated with lying should decrease nonverbal cues such as eye contact and smiles, but the research shows us that eye contact usually increases during lying.  Two possible explanations exist for an increase in eye contact and smiling.  One is that smiling happens more often because the liar is experiencing pleasure with the act of lying which has been extensively proven through research on psychopaths, con-men and pathological liars, the second says that a smile is in fact due to stress and embarrassment which causes a stress smile.

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Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

The Body Language Project is the result of a decade of personal research including a thorough review of over 60 primary scientific research journal articles. Learning body language forms the perfect foundation for success in ALL your communication.

If you are only picking up on what is being said, you are missing more than half of the message.

For more information on BodyLanguage be sure to check out: BodyLanguageProject.com and the Ebook – The Body Language Guide to Dating, Attraction and Sexual Body Language.

Non Verbal Body Language Dictionary ::C::

Did we forget a nonverbal term?  Suggest it in the comment box or e-mail it direct, and we’ll be ecstatic to add it!  With well over 500 terms, the BLP dictionary is growing to be the largest free nonverbal dictionary in the world!  Brought to you exclusively by The Body Language Project!  Visit our homepage for more free learning.

Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

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Casual corner position or kitty corner or right angle seating:  A seating arrangement where people sit at the corner of rectangular tables.  It preserves closeness, but also offers a barrier.  This seating position is unique because it neatly allows for independent thought, but the proximity still permits intimacy.

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Center leader effect: The phenomenon whereby the most dominant person usually chooses the head of rectangular tables and when no leader is present, leadership is attributed to the person who sits at the head of the table.

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Center-stage effect: Those who sit in the middle of large lecture halls tend to be overlooked.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chair Straddler Or Seat StraddlingChair straddler or seat straddling:  A dominant body position.  The posture happens by spreading the legs and sitting with the back of the chair facing other people.  The back of the chair is utilized as a barrier or shield to separate the individual from others making them appear cowardly.

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Chameleon effect (mimicry): A term first coined by Chartrand and Bargh in 1999, the “chameleon effect” refers to the unconscious mimicry of postures, mannerisms, facial expressions, and other behaviours such that one partner in an interaction passively and unintentionally changes his body positions to match that of others.

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Channels of communication:  Include methods of sending information and meaning from one person to another.  They include written notes, verbal speech, paraverbal cues and nonverbal body language.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chatting Distances 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chatting Distances 2Chatting distances: The distance which varies from culture to culture and person to person whereby conversations comfortably take place.  The most common distance is at arms length, but some cultures require elbow length and some even less than this.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chest Protrusion 1Chest protrusion: A sexual or aggressive body language posture.  When done by men it can mean either depending on the context, but in either case, is meant as a dominance display by appearing larger.  This is meant to appeal to women and repel other aggressive men.  When done by women, it is aimed at drawing attention to the breast and making them appear larger in order to secure the attention of nearby men.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chest Shield 6BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chest Shield 4BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chest Shield 5Chest shield: Gestures such as arm crossing and placing objects in front of the chest such as tables and chairs meant to figuratively protect the body from attack.

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Chest puffing: When air is brought into the lungs and held so as to appear larger and more dominant.  Usually the back is also arched and the head is held high.  This is a posture that indicates conflict is nearing and is an advertisement of such.

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Chew rate: A pacifying nonverbal cue that intensifies during stress or excitement – arousal.  Happens more prominently with chewing gum.

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Childbearing hips: A term referring to the anatomical feature of women who’s hips are wider in relative terms, than men’s.  This permits women to successfully deliver babies, and because of this is a sexual feature.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Childlike Playfulness 3BodyLanguageProjectCom - Childlike Playfulness 2Childlike playfulness: This is a form of submissive signal and is not a posture or gesture at all, but rather a class of behaviours.  Both sex can resort to these games during courtship and they include stealing a hat, playful teasing, tickling, playing hide and seek or peek-a-boo.  Acting like a child shows that a person is ready to let their guard down and feel that no threat is present.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chin JutBodyLanguageProjectCom - Chin UpChin jut: A greeting gesture done by quickly forcing the chin outward and returning it to its origin.  It is done to acknowledge someone else without having to directly interact with them and done most often by dominant individuals.  It signifies superiority, fearlessness and arrogance.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chin LiftChin lift: This is a signal used to display pride, confidence and smugness because it exposes the vulnerable neck to attack.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chin Stroking 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chin Stroking 2Chin stroking: Chin stroking is an evaluative gesture which was made popular by movies, television shows and cartoons.  The cliché says that the chin scratcher is old, wise and is bearded!  Beard or chin stroking signifies that the decision making process has begun, but that a conclusion hasn’t yet been reached.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chin TuckChin tuck: When the chin is pulled down toward the sternum.  It spells anger and disdain or when used in courtship submission, innocent and childlike.

 

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Clap Or ClappingClap or clapping: A celebratory nonverbal signal usually done by large audiences untoward a presenter or performer.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Clasping Hands Or Self Clasping Hands Or Hands Holding HandsClasping hands or self clasping hands or hands holding hands: Done by placing one hand inside the other.  A gesture indicating the desire to begin when done by a presenter.  Also signifies a need for pacifying as a parent would clasp the hand of their infant.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Clenching And GrippingClenching and gripping: A body position that creates unnatural tension.  Clenching indicates hostility or defense.  Holding the fists clenched and holding a full arm cross are two examples.  Whereas fists clenched shows that physical aggression is imminent or possible, a full arm cross shows defensiveness.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Closed Body Language 4BodyLanguageProjectCom - Closed Body Language 3Closed body language: Any body language that shows that a person is not open to outside ideas or thoughts.  In closed body language one or more parts of the body cross the mid-way point of the bisected body or where a portion of the body is made smaller, or hidden.  Arms crossed, legs crossed, arms hugging the body, shoulders drawn in, having the hands in pockets are some examples of closed body language.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Closed FormationClosed formation: Refers to an intimate orientation that usually happens while standing.  In this formation, the torsos face each other head-on rather, or at zero degrees, rather than at a ninety degree angle, as what would happen in more social situations.  A closed formation usually happens during courtship as men test a women’s desire to accept him into her personal zone.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - CocooningCocooning: A term used to describe body language that indicates a desire not to be bothered.  There are various degrees which include a mild form such as putting on headphones to tell others that social interaction is undesired, putting up the hands to the side of the face while studying (mild cocooning), and an extreme form where the head collapses onto the thighs in a seated position.

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Cognitive dissonance: A term used by psychologists that describe feelings or cognition that happen in unison, but of which conflict, or are in disharmony with others.  It is an uncomfortable feeling because the mind does not cope well with having two contradictory ideas simultaneously.  The theory of cognitive dissonance states that people work hard to restore harmony in their thoughts by changing their attitudes, beliefs and behaviours or by rationalize them.  Nonverbal body language can uncover cognitive dissonance though conflicting or opposite body language, or through body language that indicates a person is unsure of themselves.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Coffee Cup Or Drink Barrier 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Coffee Cup Or Drink Barrier 2Coffee cup or drink barrier: While sitting or standing, a drink is held across the front of the body as if the arms were crossed.  It forms a barrier and closed body position, which is either unintentional and done out of habit, or is actually a signal indicating a negative thought.

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Coiffed hair (men): When a man’s hair is precisely cut, blow-dried and sprayed.  Usually indicates a power image that is accompanied by expensive clothing, shoes and accessories.  This nonverbal message reflects vanity and reflection of financial success in order to impress others.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Cold Dead Fish HandshakeCold dead wet fish handshake: A particularly disgusting cold and damp handshake portraying negative emotions.

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Cold reading: A technique fortune tellers use to convince their audience that they know much more then they really do.  They use cues such as clothing or fashion, gender, age, race or ethnicity, religion, hairstyle and posture to draw information about a person.  Fortune tellers and “mediums” both possess a keen ability to read the nonverbal cues of the people they are reading.  Sometimes, even they don’t realize how well their intuition reads.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Collar Pull (the)Collar pull (the): A nervous nonverbal cue whereby hot air or tight collars producing friction, are relieved from the neck.  It is sometimes attributed to liars.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - CombativeCombative (the): A state of mind wherein the body indicates a desire to fight.  The body takes up closed body positions like arms crossed, yet is leaning forward to show ready to strike either physically or verbally.

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Comb-overs: A male hairstyle found on balding men who pull their hair over from one side to the other to hide the balding area.  This cue suggests vanity, but also poor judgment since the wearer of the hairstyle likely believes that he is pulling one over on other people.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Comfort Body LanguageComfort body language: Includes any body language that indicates that a person feels no threat.  It includes body language such as calmness, confidence, clear thinking, enjoyment, fluid speech, friendliness, happiness, openness, touching, patience, peacefulness, receptiveness, relaxation, trust, ventral fronting, increased proximity, removing objects to allow access, remaining loose, fluidity in motion, mirroring others and normal breath rate.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Comfort DisplayComfort/discomfort equation of detecting deception: Says that when people are lying they tend to experience more discomfort due to “guilty knowledge” and when they are telling the truth experience comfort.

 

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Comfort dividend: A term that describes the payback received from building comfortable situations in business and in life in general.  It stipulates that when you make your customers, friends, guests, patients and clients comfortable, you derive benefits that go beyond profits.

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Communication accommodation theory (CAT):  A theory developed by Howard Giles of the University of California which stipulates that people incorporate various changes in speech patterns as they seek to emphasis or minimize social differences between themselves and others.  The tenant of the theory says that a person will try to match accent, dialect and other paralinguistic features when they seek social approval and use speech patterns common to their own group when they wish to emphasis contrast.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Competitive Head-To-Head PositionCompetitive head-to-head position: A seating arrangement where people sit facing each other directly from across a table.  This sets up combative situations.

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Complexion: The features of the face including pigmentation, birthmarks, moles, warts, scars, acne, pallor, wrinkles, rashes and hives.  These cues reveal nonverbal traits of a person especially if they impart some technique for concealing or changing them outlining insecurity.  Other times blemishes can create anxiety and affect self esteem when a person fails to rise to the challenges they present.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Compliance Or Compliance TestingCompliance or compliance testing: Nonverbal communication that displays authority, superiority or dominance over another person in efforts to yields submission in another person.  A police officer tests compliance when they pull speeders to the side of the road through displays of authority such as splaying their arms and legs out to appear larger.  If it is not heeded, the officer is likely to apply the full force of the law, but if respected and complied with, he may drop the charge or lower the ticket.  Compliance testing can happen in any facet of life, from within families, at work, and during social encounters.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - ComplimentingComplimenting: One of the six main categories of body language.  Body language that is used to reinforce verbal language and which agrees with what is being said.  This type of body language serves to convey additional honesty to communication and is the most reliable when assessing people.  For example, complimenting body language to “I’m not ready to face this difficult task” is having shaking hands and voice combined while blushing and averting eyes.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Compressed Lips 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Compressed LipsCompressed lips:  Done by pressing the lips together to make them disappear and is a universal trait done to signify stress.  The subconscious mind is essentially telling the body to close down and not let anything in.  Because it happens quickly due to undesirable stimuli it is considered an honest gesture.

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Come-hither-look: A sexual form of eye contact and body posture performed by women to solicit male attention.  It is done by lowering the head and looking up through the forehead or tilting the head forty-five degrees to the side and batting the eyes.

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Comfort display: Any body posture, position or gesture meant to display that a person is relaxed which relates back to their environment.  Even lack of eye contact can be deemed a comfort display because it can imply that a person lacks fear and does not need to track a person intently.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Concealed IrritationConcealed irritation: When honest, negative body language is inhibited in favour of using false, yet positive body language.  Those in service habitually use concealed irritation to deal with troublesome customers that can’t be pleased.  Smiling is one such expression that is often used to hide true emotions.

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Concealed ovulation: A term that described the human female condition whereby the most fertile phase of her sexual cycle is hidden from others and even herself.  However, ovulation does not pass without noticeable changes in nonverbal behaviour.  Studies have shown that when women enter their high fertility cycle they will dress to impress by adding extra adornment, wear make-up, put on short skirts, displaying cleavage, and tend to hang out in more target rich environments such as night clubs over other times in their cycle.

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Conflicting: One of the six main categories of body language.  This is body language that runs contrary to what is said verbally and indicates nervousness, disagreement, a sense of feeling unable to tell the truth or lying outright.  Conflicting falls into the same general area as congruency.  When a person says that they really liked a gift they received from you, yet their eyes dart and their voice shakes, their body language conflicts with their thought which can be a strong indication they are lying or have reservations about telling the truth.  When verbal and nonverbal conflict, nonverbalist use the nonverbal as more reliable indicators of honest thought.

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Confused or confuse or confusion: A state of mind that lacks orientation.  This state is conveyed through body language where the eyes may dart from one person or object to another, the face my blush showing anxiety or turn pale due to fear.

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Confusion or confused body language: Confused body language stems from an attempt to regain bearings.  It is usually accompanied by frustration and indecision.  Signals of confusion includes verbal repetition, repetitive motions, picking things up and putting them down, conflicting behaviours, shifting or shuffling and various pacifying behaviours such as stroking the temples and rubbing the back of the neck.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Confidence Or Confident (Or leadership) Body LanguageConfidence or confident (or leadership) body language: Any body language that conveys security.  It includes leading (and controlling) conversations, tend to be surrounded by people (who follow), use good proxemics, volunteer for difficult tasks, listen well, smile pleasantly, have a firm handshake, are well dressed with good hygiene, dress appropriate for the situation, seldom follow faddish trends, are willing to engage in conversations, are physically active, have conservative haircuts, have erect upright postures with head held high and hands out of pockets, face their company head-on, and other body language that shows comfort rather then discomfort.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Contempt Facial ExpressionContempt facial expression:  Wrinkle appear on the nose with one lip often raised to form a sneer.  Lips are frequently pushed forward with a tight mouth raised slightly at the corners.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Contempt SmileContempt smile: A true felt smile where the corners of the lips are tightened unevenly, where one side is lifted slightly higher than the other, and the eyebrows are slightly raised.  The smile might also push the lower lip up by the chin muscle and pull the corners of the mouth down, coupled with lowered brows.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Conversational GazingConversational gazing: Refers to the patterns of the eyes during an interaction which gives clues to intent be it intimate, business, or for friendship.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Cooperative FeetCooperative feet: Term used to describe the arrangement of the feet that indicate agreement.  Cooperative feet are ones that are patented oriented toward a speaker rather than away and who’s proximity is increased rather than decreased.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Cooperative Side-By-Side PositionCooperative side-by-side position: A seating arrangement where two people sit on the same side of the table beside one another.  Chairs can face forward showing some cooperation, but not complete whereas chairs at forty-five degrees to the table indication collaboration.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Cornering 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Cornering 1Cornering: A common mistake done especially by men in dating situation whereby they cut off exit points and block women in.  It can be done with an arm, leg, bar top, or table.  When people become cornered they become nervous or aggressive due to the fight or flight response creating they exact opposite to that which is desired.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Corpus callosumCorpus callosum: A thick collection of nerve fibers centered between the left and right hemisphere that helps women’s brains “talk” better across each hemisphere.  This is what allows women to multi-task better than men by moving from one side of their brain, their creative side, to their left side, their logical side, and at the same time monitor the body language of others more readily than men.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Courtship Displays Or Sexual Interest Or Romantic Body LanguageCourtship displays or sexual interest or romantic body language: Nonverbal signals used to attract and maintain the attention of a potential mate.  They include signals such as preening, mirroring, in both sexes, dominance position in males and submissive displays in females, making eye contact, exaggerated or coy smile, laughter, staring, winking, wetting lips, crossing and recrossing legs, thrusting the chest forward, walking with a swagger or wiggle, primping, lounging back, hair tossing, increased proximity, wearing revealing clothing or overdressing, self touching or touching the person of interest, wearing special make-up or perfume, whispering, listening intently, looking a person over and attempting to isolate from others.

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Counting on fingers: A cocky, arrogant and sometimes confident gesture implying that a person needs to keep up with the various points that are being made for a case.  It is done by rhythmically bringing the index finger over the opposite hand as if to anchor each point being delivered.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Cowboy Pose 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Cowboy Pose 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Cowboy Pose 3Cowboy pose or stance:  This posture happens by placing the thumbs in the belt with the remaining fingers pointed downwards towards the crotch.  The cowboy pose was popularized by old western movies.  Cowboys would use a combination of this posture and the hands on hips (or gun) posture to show how macho they were.  Because it draws attention to the crotch, it is rarely used by women.

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Conscious critical faculty or critical factor: A term that describes the separation of the conscious mind and subconscious mind protected by a “membrane” of sorts which inhibits contradictory ideas from becoming incorporated due to previously accepted ideas – be they true and accurate, or false.  Thus, from all sets of sensory inputs, the mind carefully screens which new information is incorporated and which is rejected.  This is part of why making major changes in thinking is difficult or even impossible for some.  For example, a person who believes that they are “stupid” will reject information that does not agree with this assessment.  Proponents of this idea believe that the CCF is solidified early in life.  The CCF applies to nonverbal communication only when it becomes desirable to influence people through signals because it is impossible to “tug” on a person’s mind strings without first bypassing their CCF.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Crossing 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Crossing 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Crossing 3Crossing: A body posture wherein the arms or legs come together or are folded.  It can represents a closed body position and an unreceptive mind or when amongst close friends total comfort indicating a lack of desire to exercise a quick exit.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Cross-MirroringCross-mirroring: A less obvious form of mirroring, where body movements and postures are replicated, but not exactly.  For example, if a foot is tapped, a finger might be tapped in unison, or preening various parts of the body together instead of the exact same.  Cross mirroring might mean raising the opposite hand to stroke the side of the face rather than the same hand and so forth.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Crotch Display 3BodyLanguageProjectCom - Crotch Display 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Crotch Display 1Crotch display: Any body language gesture that directly or indirectly draws attention to the genitals.  They include the cowboy pose by interlocking the fingers in belt loops, leg spreading while seated, placing the hands on the hips and throwing a leg over the leg of a chair.  In women, it implies easiness or crassness and in men, a dominance display.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Crying, Damp Eyes Or Teary EyesCrying, damp eyes or teary eyes: Damp eyes can have many nonverbal meanings.  They can indicate tiredness or suppressed weeping, anxiety or sadness.  Crying symbolizes an overflowing of emotions such as sadness from emotional hurt, from pain due to physical hurt, or even from extreme joy.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Cue ClusterCue cluster: Refers to a group of individual units of body language that occur either simultaneously or nearly simultaneously.  Units of body language in combination create a new meaning and establish a more accurate and fuller picture of intent.  An example of a cue cluster is legs crossed at the ankle accompanied by one arm across the mid section of the body touching the elbow of the other arm with that hand touching the face.  This cue cluster signals a closed or timid body.

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Cultivated images or image: A type of styling that is aimed at mirroring a specific movement, or in other words, to look a part.  Common image types include Country, Punk, Businessman, Hippie, Jock, GQ, Grunge and Biker.  A cultivated image can sometimes simply be an over-costume with nothing to back it, or might go deeper into a person’s persona.  Either signal can be telling of a person.

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Cultural differences: Changes in frequencies that occur in body language based on geographic location.  Not all body language has the same meaning cross-culturally and some gestures are found to be offensive in some areas while other areas see the same gestures in a positive light.

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Curbside appeal: A term that refers to the exterior character of a building or establishment such as a home, business or office.  It is those aesthetic parts which are visible as one approaches and provides nonverbal information to the activities conducted inside as well as its owners.  It includes the façade, the way the plants and flowers are kept, the signage, the upkeep for the paint, lighting, parking and so on.  Loosely it can also be applied to humans who also have curbside appeal who demonstrate what their “insides” contain.

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Curtsey or curtsy: The female equivalent of the male bow where a women bends at the knees by placing one foot behind the other in accompaniment with a slight head bow and a lifting of the skirt to knee height.

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Curved arm:  An arm distancing posture done by thrusting the elbow outward facing down or horizontally.  It is defensive in nature meant to reclaim personal space.

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Communication accommodation theory: A part of NLP or neurolinguistic programming in which a person matches speech patterns, dialect, speech rate or tempo, pitch, tonality, voice inflection, use of words and even accent in order to actively build rapport and create flow between them and whomever they are speaking to.

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Confidence or confident (or leadership) body language: Any body language that conveys security.  It includes leading (and controlling) conversations, tend to be surrounded by people (who follow), use good proxemics, volunteer for difficult tasks, listen well, smile pleasantly, have a firm handshake, are well dressed with good hygiene, dress appropriate for the situation, seldom follow faddish trends, are willing to engage in conversations, are physically active, have conservative haircuts, have erect upright postures with head held high and hands out of pockets, face their company head-on, and other body language that shows comfort rather then discomfort.

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Conservative style: A nonverbal term signal that includes clothing with subdued colours, classic styles, and ordinary accessories that do not produce interest.  People who wear this type of dress are not seeking attention and would prefer to blend in.  Conservative dressers often care about the opinions of others and want to fit in, are conformists, are practical, authoritarian, analytical and less creative than flamboyant dressers.  They are often more conventional thinkers.

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Context: One of the most important factors in reading body language.  Context refers to the entirety of the situation in which the language appears.  It includes the words being spoken, the location, all of the people present, surrounding noises and dialogues, the history of the dialogue and social connections to other people or events.  Context refers to any and all factors that relate to the body language at hand and must be accounted for to determine accurately the meaning delivered.

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Congruence: Relates to body language that is consistent across a person.  The body language is said to be congruent if all body language match’s a specific emotion or intention.  We can use lack of congruence to detect liars for example.

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Cultural zone shock: The discomfort felt when people meet from two different countries who’s spatial needs are drastically different.  The shock is more pronounced when cultures that require a lot of personal space meet those who require very little personal space.

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The Body Language Project is the result of a decade of personal research including a thorough review of over 60 primary scientific research journal articles. Learning body language forms the perfect foundation for success in ALL your communication.

If you are only picking up on what is being said, you are missing more than half of the message.

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