Tag Archive for Gaze

Non Verbal Body Language Dictionary ::F::

Did we forget a nonverbal term?  Suggest it in the comment box or e-mail it direct, and we’ll be ecstatic to add it!  With well over 500 terms, the BLP dictionary is growing to be the largest free nonverbal dictionary in the world!  Brought to you exclusively by The Body Language Project!  Visit our homepage for more free learning.

Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Face GazeFace gaze: A type of gaze pattern where a person directs eyes to another person’s face (over say their eyes or body).  It can be done in several ways and produce varied feelings depending on the pattern by which it occurs.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Face Platter 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Face Platter 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Face Platter 3Face platter (the): A positive gesture used in courtship done by resting the chin on the backside of the hands and propping it up, essentially “serving the face on a platter.”

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Facial action coding system or FACT: The Facial Action Coding System is a system that deals with forty-six facial movements classified into more than 10,000 microexpressions.  The manual details how the face behaves based on the muscles that control it.  The guide is a combination of still images, digital video and written descriptions and is of interest not only to lie detectors, but also to animators, computer scientists who create facial recognition software and other personnel who need to know how the face moves and why.

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Facial protective response: An involuntary reflex action which produces a tight closing of the eyes or wincing coupled with a lowering of the head or a sharp turn sideways.

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Face wince: Lowered eyebrows due to a sharp pain.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Facial ExpressionsFacial expressions:  A very important form of nonverbal communication that involve the face in displaying various emotional states.  Facial expressions can be voluntary, and at times, involuntary, and others still can flash instantly and disappear just as fast which are called microexpressions.  Facial expressions are diverse, and sometimes universal, such as the six expressions – fear, anger, disgust, sadness, surprise and happiness.  Research has shown that women are much more perceptive of the minute changes in the faces than men and so tend to be more adept at reading facial expressions.

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Facial irregularities: Include blemishes such as moles or warts.  If conspicuous such as a mole at the tip of the nose it can signify that a person is confident in themselves, have been raise in a culture that sees physical appearance as being a low priority, a desire to resist conforming to society, or is rebellious.

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Fake sexual indicator of interest (fsIOI): Positive sexual body language of interest that are not genuine usually delivered by women (but sometimes by men) who wish to gain favours, such as free drinks, money and so forth from the opposite sex.  This is usual for women who work in tip-based industries like severs in bars, restaurants and especially strip clubs who’s sole purpose is to act as if they wish to sleep with their patrons.  Fake indicators of interest can also come from men and women in everyday life who wish to gain access to various forms of resources.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - False Smile Or Ohoney SmileFalse smile or phoney smile: Where the eyes play no part, that is there are no wrinkles in the corners of the eyes as in the Duchenne smile and the mouth is stretched across the face, teeth often bared, with a tense jaw.  This smile is not genuine.

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Fashion:  Clothing is a language in and of itself which provides all sorts of cues about its wearer.  It can indicate sex, age, occupation, origin, social class, personality and beliefs.  Clothing can also tell others where we are headed as well as what we are about to do.  In body language fashion is important to those we wish to impress and also to those whom we pass along the way to meet them.

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Fastidiousness body language: A personality trait that shows through with nonverbal cues includes perfectly pressed shirts, polished shoes, well trimmed beard or eyebrows, precisely positioned pocket scarf and so forth.  These traits reveal a character by matter of degree.  Within limits fastidiousness reveals egotistical, structured, inflexible, unimaginative, vain, and concerned about the impressions of others.  In an extreme form it reveals obsessive compulsive disorder.  When people lack fastidiousness it can be due to a lack of money (with a frugal nature), but only in so much as what is worn is well maintained and cleaned despite is heavy use.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Fear Or Fearful Body LanguageFear or fearful body language: An activation of the flight or fight response through the autonomic system due to extremely negative stimuli.  Nonverbal symptoms of fear include wide eyes, screaming, hands covering the face, a frozen posture, flushing, gulping, looking around nervously, clutching the hands together or gripping an object, blocking the body with the hands, shifting backwards, turning away, grabbing other people, shaking, heavy breathing, holding the breath, walking quickly, stiffness, licking the lips and taking tentative steps.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Fear Facial ExpressionFear facial expression: Fear is characterized by a quick upward movement of the eyebrows formulating wrinkles in the middle of the forehead, raised eyelids and open mouth.  Fear and surprise are easily confused, but fear uses the muscles between the brows called the “grief muscles” as they are activated to express pain as well as when you wish to inflict it.

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Fear response: A primal visceral set of nonverbal cues that stem from fear.  These cues are usually very honest and are seldom faked which makes them extremely reliable and useful.  Fear responses are usually displayed subtly through gesture reduction but can also be extreme where the full body ceases movement and breath is seemingly held.

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Fear smile or fearful smile: A smile where the lips are stretched to form a rectangular shape.  These muscles sometimes pull the corners of the mouth upwards slightly to produce a grimace.  Accompanying the lips stretch is a contraction of the eyebrows together coupled with an upward lift and widened eyes.

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Feedback signals: Nonverbal body language occurring as a two way from person to person as an indication of the level of rapport and agreement being experience.  The signals are wide and varied including head nodding, arms crossing, torso orientation, eye contact and so forth.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Feigned DisinterestFeigned disinterest:  A manipulative body language technique that uses negative body language to attract attention.  Turned the back to an attractive female or walking away during a discussion to induce chasing are two examples of feigned disinterest.  It is a way to conceal true emotions, yet achieves similar or even better results that what might result from genuine cues.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Felt smileFelt smile: A real genuine smile where they muscles surrounding the eyes tighten.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Fetal Position 1Fetal position: An extreme form of closed posture where the knees are pulled into the body and hugged.  The abbreviated form of this position is to pull the limbs in closer to the body and across the centerline as in the “self hug.”

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Fidgeting Or FidgetFidgeting or fidget: Fidgeting is an indication of boredom as the body is given signals to take action and leave the conversation – like the body revving its engine in preparation.  Fidgeting is therefore a substitute to walking or running where neither is socially acceptable or the situation warrants otherwise. Fidgeting includes repetitive behaviours such as tapping the toes, swinging the feet with one crossed over the other, or drumming the fingers.

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Fight or flight response (the): Better termed the freeze, flight or fight response since it truly reflects the order by which the actions take place.  It is telling in body language because bodies that are threatened often show varying degrees of a freeze response, which can be subtle, such as a reduction in gesturing to the more extreme (yet still subtle) such as locking the ankles around a chair.  From there, bodies will tend to indicate a desire to flee by orienting toward doorways with toes and torsos.  This is followed by fight, but only under extreme circumstances, where bodies tense up, fists clench and chins protrude.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Fig Leaf Posture 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Fig Leaf Posture 3BodyLanguageProjectCom - Fig Leaf Posture 5BodyLanguageProjectCom - Fig Leaf Posture 6Fig leaf position:  The fig leaf posture by either sex is a closed body position.  It blocks the private mid section from view.  This posture occurs by placing one or both hands in front of the crotch blocking it from view.  The hands are usually clasped together.  It shows insecurity and occurs when someone is in a novel environment or around people they don’t know and aren’t familiar with.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Figure Four Leg Clamp (the) Or Figure Four Leg Lock Or Leg Clamp 4Figure four seating position (the) or the ankle-knee cross: This seating position occurs as the ankle is pulled over the knee of the opposite leg forming the figure four position.  The figure four is an open, dominant posture, and a seated crotch display.  It is rarely performed by women especially those wearing skirts, but favoured by macho men wishing to impose themselves.  When performed by women, it is as an attempt to be one of the boys.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Figure Four Leg Clamp (the) Or Figure Four Leg Lock Or Leg Clamp 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Figure Four Leg Clamp (the) Or Figure Four Leg Lock Or Leg Clamp 3BodyLanguageProjectCom - Figure Four Leg Clamp (the) Or Figure Four Leg Lock Or Leg Clamp 2Figure four leg clamp (the) or figure four leg lock or leg clamp: Done as above where the ankle is pulled over the knee of the opposite leg forming the figure four position except in this case the arm grabs the ankle to lock it in place.  It indicates a stubborn individual who’s aim is to resisting opinions.

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Filler sounds:  Verbal cues that are used to replace actual words when no words come readily.  Filler sounds include “mmms” and “ahhs” and “like.”  Use of these sounds make a speaker seem less confident and knowledgeable.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Finger moving up the chin 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Finger moving up the chin 3Finger moving up the chin: The index finger is moved up the outside of the cheek from the jaw line toward the temples.  This is an evaluative gesture, but one that leans toward a negative outcome (critical judgement).

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Finger Pointing Or Finger PointerFinger pointing or finger pointer: Pointing fingers is a universal gesture that is negative in nature because it is as if the person is throwing spears.  Finger pointing usually appears during aggressive verbal arguments.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Finger Spreader 2Finger spreader: The hands are held out and finger splayed apart facing palm to the audience.  This is an attempt to make contact with the entire audience.

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First impressions: One of the most important and longest lasting characterization of a person is the result of the first few seconds after meeting.  The first impression is formulated quickly and is long lasting requiring a heavy amount of effort to change once established.  People are said to create first impressions in under 5 seconds making them very important.  First impressions are created by nonverbal characteristics such as style of dress, hygiene, how the body is carried including posture, voice qualities if a person is speaking, and so forth.

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Fist bump: A greeting gesture where two closed fists bump up against each other knuckles first.  It is a signal of cohesion showing solidarity and affection without a great deal of intimacy.  It is usually reserved as a gesture between macho men and is not a submissive gesture.  The fist bump is also a growing way to reduce the spread of germs since the knuckles are usually much drier making them less prone to bacterial growth.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Fish And LureFish and lure: Sexual signals put out by available women in a broadstroke fashion, absent of eye contact and direction, sent off into the room at large in efforts to attract solicitors.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Fist ClenchingFist clenching: Holding the fists clenched shows aggression, defensiveness and sometimes a readiness to attack.  First clenching sometimes happens when no physical attack is immanent and is a restraint posture.

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Five cardinal rules of body language:  To learn the true story about a person using body language one must use the five cardinal rules which are the ‘rule of four’, congruency, context, baselining, and intuition.

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Flamboyance or flamboyant style: A nonverbal term used to describe clothing with bright colours, shocking and unique attire, eye grabbing jewelry, and other articles that produce interest.  They can include funky hats, big belt buckles and gaudy earrings amongst others.  People who wear this type of dress are seeking attention.  Extremely flamboyant people are sometimes insecure, lonely, needy and bored or dissatisfied with their life but at other times they are confident and self-assured.  The nonverbal message created by flamboyance includes creativity, artesian, well-to-do, lack of practicality, noncomformist, don’t care what others think provided they have an audience, independent and flaky.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Flashbulb EyesFlashbulb eyes:  Happens by dramatically opening the eyes as big and wide as possible.  The eyebrows usually arch in unison as well to make the eyes appear even larger.  The cue is usually done to indicate surprise and positive emotions such as being excited to see someone, or have been given a promotion.

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Flash frozen: When movement in the body of a person suddenly stops.  Happens due to the presentation of a stimuli that creates high immediate anxiety.

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Fleeting expressions: Facial expressions that are very brief in duration.  They are habitually reliable and honest cues that are genuinely felt.  Usually they occur in only one-fifth of a second.  They are sometimes referred to as microexpressions.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - FlirtationFlirtation: A form of human interaction between two people expressing a sexual or romantic interest.  Flirting body language is numerous and varied and includes hair tosses, preening, smiling and touching.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - FlirtingFlirting: A body language transaction between people that indicates sexual interest.  Flirting includes romantic eye contact, increased proximity, touching, laughing or telling jokes, smiling, grooming and conversations with sexual overtones.  Women flirt through various nonverbal displays such as hair tossing, lip licking and displays of the neck and men use displays of dominance such as crotch displays and appearing larger through body spreading.  Flirting nonverbal communication is not always a prelude to sexual intimacy, it is sometimes used just to test interest, or for pure amusement.

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Floor apportionment: The turn taking that happens between people when speaking which is controlled by various nonverbal signals such as nods, grunts, shifting of gaze, lip parting (as if to speak), tone of voice, and so forth.  Floor apportionment refers to a speaker “having the floor.”

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Flow: Body language is like verbal and written language; it has structure.  Body language flows, it has its own rhythm, vocabulary, grammar and punctuation. Part of the way things come together is connected to congruence, meaning that the overall body of language comes together seamlessly to produce coherent messages.

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fMRI: is the abbreviation for functional magnetic resonance imaging which enables researchers to create maps of the brain’s networks as it processes thoughts, sensations, memories, and motor commands.  The fMRI measures blood flow and hence measures which areas of the brain are using up oxygen faster and are working harder.  Proponents of fMRI machines in lie detection claim that if you can get hits in all three zones of the brain at the same time you can catch liars.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Foot Forward Leg StanceFoot forward leg stance: A standing position where one foot is placed in front of the other and the weight is shifted to one hip.  The pointed foot indicates where the mind wishes to go.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Foot Kicking Or Jiggling Or Leg Kick ResponseFoot kicking or jiggling or leg kick response: Foot kicking while seated shows that a person has heard something negative.  It is a response to discomfort and is a direct consequence of the fight or flight response.

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Forced laughter:  Laughter that is meant to disguise hidden anxiety or disagreement, be polite, or in efforts to connect with new people.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Forehead BowForehead bow: The forehead bow is a posture done by artificially lowering the head, then looking up from under the eyebrows.  It is a submissive posture and can be done by anyone but is especially prevalent during courtship.  When done by women toward a man it is a “come hither” look and when done by children shows shyness and submission.  It has roots in the bow (greeting gesture).

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Four minute rule: The four minute rule says that life-long impressions about people are formulated in the mind’s of others within the first four minutes of meeting someone.  Once a judgment has been past, people will vigorously resist changing it making that time block the most important.

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Follower (the): A type of client who wishes the salesperson to take charge.  They are unsure of what they are looking for, usually ask inappropriate questions, show submissive body language, show timidity and nervousness and take up less space than normal.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Forehead RubbingForehead rubbing: Rubbing the forehead is an indication of an internal struggle or discomfort.

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Friendly clients: A type of client that wishes to build rapport, they use plenty of eye contact, touch, and like to chat. They wish to be sold on the entire package including the sale pitch and the salesman.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Friendship Touching Or Friendly TouchingFriendship touching or friendly touching: Touching aimed at creating or maintaining bonds such as back rubbing, hugging, placing the arm around the back, shaking hands, etc.

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Fred Inbau: The most influential manual regarding suspect interviewing was written by Fred Inbau, Reid and Buckley in 2001 “Criminal interrogation and confession” and is the handbook used by police officers in training.

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Freeze, fight or flight: The fight or flight response is a misnomer especially as it applies to body language since it is not actually how humans or other animals respond to stress and danger.  Most animals, humans included, will naturally sequence freeze, flight and flight in that order.  Freezing is important to assess the situation, for how does one know what they are running from, and in what direction, if they don’t first identify the object of their fear and this is reflected in many forms through nonverbal cues.

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Freezing or stiffened movement: A flight or flight response where through visceral processes the body ceases up and significantly reducers or eliminates normal fluid movement.  This is due to fear, anxiety, or lying and accompanies negative stimuli.  The degree of freezing is proportional to the degree of stress caused.  The freeze response is designed to reduce the attention that movement otherwise attracts.  This is called “hiding in plain sight.”

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Frowning Or FrownFrowning or frown: A downward pull of the corners of the mouth and eyelids showing displeasure or disapproval.

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Frozen hands: Hands that seem to suddenly stop moving can sometimes indicate that lying is taking place but is more reliably and indicator of discomfort.  Frozen hands is part of the freeze response due to fear.

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Frustration or frustrated body language: Nonverbal cues which are exhibited by people who feel a lack of power to rectify an issue.  They can either be “confrontational” such as frequent direct eye contact, repeating phrases several times, violations of personal space, heavy gesticulation, pointing and shrugging or they can be “surrendering” such as sighs, rapid exhalation, grimacing, hands on the hips, hands on the head, melodramatic movements, rolling the eyes, shaking the head, throwing the hands in the air, shrugging, turning and walking away.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Fk Me EyesF%$k me eyes: A sexual eye pattern usually best accomplished by women who indicate to men that they wish to have sex with them.  When most obvious the eye patterns make women appear predatory.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - FugitiveFugitive (the): A state of mind wherein the body indicates a desire to flee.  The body takes up closed body positions and leans back and away from whomever they are with.  This indicates boredom or a desire to leave, hence the term fugitive.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Full Body Hug Or EmbraceFull body hug or embrace: One of two types of hugs.  This one is reserved for sexual partners and occurs with full chest to chest and hip to hip contact.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Full Body Steeple, Catapult (the), Or Hooding Effect (the) 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Full Body Steeple, Catapult (the), Or Hooding Effect (the) 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Full Body Steeple, Catapult (the), Or Hooding Effect (the) 3Full body steeple, catapult (the), or the hooding effect: Occurs by placing both hands up and behind the head while seated.  It is an extremely dominant and possibly arrogant display.  The full body steeple is common to professionals such as lawyers, accountants, managers, bosses, and others that feel superior then their counterparts.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Full LipsFull lips: When the lips are relaxed and plump opposite to lip pursing.  This nonverbal cue indicates true contentment.

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Full salaam: A greeting gesture performed by touching the chest just above the heart, bringing the hand up and touching the forehead with the fingers and then sweeping the hand up and out.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Furrowed ForeheadBodyLanguageProjectCom - Furrowed Forehead 2Furrowed forehead: Frowning done by creasing the forehead and brow indicates anxiousness, sadness, concentration, concern, bewilderment or anger.

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Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

The Body Language Project is the result of a decade of personal research including a thorough review of over 60 primary scientific research journal articles. Learning body language forms the perfect foundation for success in ALL your communication.

If you are only picking up on what is being said, you are missing more than half of the message.

For more information on BodyLanguage be sure to check out: BodyLanguageProject.com and the Ebook – The Body Language Guide to Dating, Attraction and Sexual Body Language.

 

Non Verbal Body Language Dictionary ::B::

Did we forget a nonverbal term?  Suggest it in the comment box or e-mail it direct, and we’ll be ecstatic to add it!  With well over 500 terms, the BLP dictionary is growing to be the largest free nonverbal dictionary in the world!  Brought to you exclusively by The Body Language Project!  Visit our homepage for more free learning.

Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

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Back channel signals: A set of body language that indicates that a speaker is being heard.  They include noises such as “mhum” and “uh-huh”, gestures such as nodding and expressions such as smiling in agreement.

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Bandler, Richard, W.:  Born February 24, 1950.  Bandler is an American author on personal development and is best know for his work on NLP (neuro-linguistic programming) in association with John Grinder.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Barriers 1Barriers: Postures, gestures or inanimate objects that are placed in front of someone which are used to block off other people.  They are usually employed when someone is uncomfortable and wishes to control the space around them.  Barriers function much like security blankets, as they have an emotionally protective feature.

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Baselining or baseline or norming:  Probably one of the most important and often overlooked aspects of reading body language.  It refers to the “normal” body motions that populate the repertoire of each person.  “Normal” is defined as the body language that happens when a person is relaxed.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Baton gestures Or Hand Chop GestureBaton gestures or hand chop gesture:  A motion done with the hands to emphasize points in speech.  A baton or chop adds emotion to the words it is attached to.  It is habitually done by powerful people who have the floor and are in charge.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - BeckoningBeckoning: Using the index finger, hand, head and even the eyes to draw another person nearer.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Becoming LoudBecoming loud: An sudden increase in the volume of the voice.  Becoming loud can be due to a variety of reasons including an attempt to be noticed, to dominate a room, to express anger, frustration, act out aggressively, berate, scorn, celebrate and show excitement, display enjoyment, or due to inebriation.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Bedroom EyesBedroom eyes: Eyes who’s pupils are large and fully dilated.  Found in those who are reacting subconsciously to sexually stimulating imagery such as attractive mates.

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Beady little eyes or snake eyes: Eyes that are squinted or constricted who’s pupils are small and undilated.  It indicates fear, aggression and dislike.

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Beards: Facial hair on the chin, cheeks and sometimes the neck.  It is a nonverbal message signifying wisdom and is scholarly unless left to grow untrimmed.  In this case, it is seen as unwieldy and primitive.  Rarely does a beard indicate secretiveness, rather it is a cosmetic choice.  Bears can mean that a man looks better that way, is trying to look older, is trying to hide age by covering wrinkles, is trying to conceal a facial flaw such as a weak chin or has a rebellious or artistic personality.

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Beauty dividend: A term referring to the profit aspect to appearances.  Well studied this states that as a persons attractiveness increases so too does their earning power on a per unit basis.  Good looking people tend to receive more raises, more often and also get hired for better positions.  They’ve also been found to benefit their company with increased business and revenue over the long term.

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Becoming quiet: A sudden lowering in the volume of the voice.  Becoming quiet can be due to a variety of reasons including trying to keep secrets and remain private, to create intimacy, to inhibit drawing attention to the self, to power play people into drawing them into personal space and forcing them to listen hard or due to shyness or timidity.

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Behaviourists: A school of psychology that limits its focus to observable and quantifiable aspects of behaviour excluding emotions and motives.

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Behaviourism: A term originating from the studies of John B. Watson in 1913.  It says that behaviours can be measured, trained and changed.  According to behaviourism responses to the environmental stimuli shape people’s behaviours according to various processes such as classical and operant conditioning and reinforcement schedules.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Bent Over Posture Or Rump PresentationBent over posture or rump presentation: A submissive appeasement posture done by bending forward either facing toward or away.  When done facing away can be taken as a sexual invitation.  It says “I am offering myself in the passive female role” and is a request to be mounted.  Young girls might be seen doing this while dancing in night clubs as they grind on men.  Conversely the bow has origins in the same submissive bent over posture, however it is usually, but not always done facing whomever is being submitted.

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Bernieri, Frank:  Professor of Psychology at Oregon State University.  His primary focus of research is social perception and judgment, nonverbal behavior and communication, face-to-face interactions, multi-channel communication, interpersonal synchrony, empathy and research methodology and has published over 40 scientific articles and chapters.

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Beta males and females: Beta males and females are normally classified as anyone who does not fall into the “alpha” category, however in reality, beta is much less broad.  Betas are second in command, and the term refers to contenders or subservient who’s purpose is to serve alpha’s.  Beta’s can, at anytime, challenge the alpha for dominance and dethrone the alpha’s.  Beta’s are identified by their body language.  They can sometimes hold dominant language, but only when other alphas aren’t present.  It is important to note that alpha and beta, in humans, is a floating concept as nearly everyone is alpha and beta at one time or another, as our company which includes our culture and sub-culture varies significantly.  Beta body language includes leaning in while speaking, fidgeting, touching the face, taking on smaller body forms such as hunching the shoulders and pressing the legs together.

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Bipedalism: The human form of locomotion that involves two (bi), feet (pedal).  Bipedalism in humans produced the condition that allow men and women to use their hands to manipulate tools and communicate.  Because the feet where relegated to more rudimentary tasks, they hold more of the visceral reactions (such as running from predators, or being pulled under the table when in stressful negotiations) and so tend to be more honest.  The hands and arms are more controlled by the conscious mind, rather than the primitive mind, and so tend to be more deceitful.  In other words, bipedalism kept feet honest.

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Birdwhistell, Ray L.: American anthropologist who pioneered the study of kinesics.  He utilized slow-motion replays to analyze the actions of people.  He published a book called Introduction to Kinesics in 1952.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Blade Away Or Blade Toward Blading 1Blade away or blade toward (blading): The turning of the body with only small degrees either toward or away from stimuli that a person agrees with or disagrees with.  The turning away of the torso by degrees as an encounter becomes less and less enjoyable or to our liking.  Think of a knife that is turned on an angle so as to slice more or less steeply.  Blading away is to “turn the back on someone” when in dislike, or to blade toward so as to “face them head on” when liking is present.

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Blanching: When the surface of the body or face appears white.  It is due to the presence of extremely fearful situations that creates a flight or fight response drawing blood from the periphery and diverting it to the major muscles in the core of the body.  It is the body’s way to prepare to escape or mount an aggressive challenge.

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Blepharoplasty: A very popular surgery for Asian women is to create the double eyelid.

Asian people lack the fold or eyelid crease and so their eyes are narrowed and oval in appearance.  The surgery adds a second fold or crease in the eyelid from an eyelid without a crease, producing a rounder westernized eye.  It is proof of how important large eyes are in terms of creating attractiveness and neoteny.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Blade Away Or Blade Toward Blading 2Blocking: A term used to describe when a person wishes to distance themselves from a distressing stimulus by erecting barriers.  Blocking is a part of the fight or flight response, and takes the form of the flight element because it creates distance between things we wish to avoid.  It includes crossing the arms or legs, turning a shoulder so the body faces away, rebuttoning jackets or pulling a jacket closed, pulling the feet and arms inward, or pointing the feet toward the doorway indicating a desire to leave.

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Blowing off steam or exhaling or blowing out air through the lips: Done by forcefully exhaling air through a compressed mouth and indicates frustration, disapproval, uncertainty and an attempt at pacifying.

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Blushing: Blushing is linked to the release of adrenaline and cortisol which courses through the body when people get excited, feel pressure or are nervous.  The hormone also diverts blood flow from the digestive system and shunts it to major muscle groups giving them a burst of energy.  As a side effect, our blood vessels that deliver blood to our faces dilate, meaning they relax or open, allowing more blood to reach the surface of our face causing them to turn red.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Bodifications And TattoosBodifications and tattoos: Conscious alterations of the body such as clothing, jewelry, tattoos, severely plucked eyebrows and false nails.  More severe are the forms that are permanent such as breast implants, dramatic piercing, facelifts, liposuction, collagen insertion, etc.  The type of tattoos and art it contains can be telling of a person’s character.  Bodifications reveal a need to be different, rebelliousness, nonconformist, have an artistic nature, a desire to fit in or lower socioeconomic status (heavy tattoos).

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Body CrossBody cross: A posture whereby the arms connect in some way across the front of the body to produce a safety barrier.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Body CutoffBody cutoff: An orienting reflex designed to end conversations.  When people wish to exit they will cut their centerline off from the conversation as if leaving preliminarily.  The greater the angle, the less interest or more dislike is present.

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Body language (a): A subset of nonverbal communication that includes body postures, gestures, facial expressions and eye movements.

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Body language or nonverbal communication (b): A method of conveying information through conscious and subconscious gestures, body movements, postures and facial expressions.  Body language is used as conscious replacement of speech, to reinforce speech, and as an indicator of mood.

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Body language reader: A person who is receiving and decoding hidden meaning from nonverbal channels.

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Body language reader: A person who collects nonverbal language around them so as to study and interpret them.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Body Language SenderBody language sender: A person who is emitting nonverbal language which is being received by another person and interpreted.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Body LoweringBody lowering: A technique whereby a person takes a lower position relative to another to show that they wish to submit.  One such example is the curtsey which is done to show respect and taking a knee when interacting with someone else who is seated is another.  Dropping the head can also be a form of body lowering.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Body Orientation Or Body Angling 2Body orientation or body angling:  Refers to the angle at which people sit or stand in relation to one another.  A subset of posture that is important in conveying information such as the desire to leave as when the body faces away or when weight is applied to one side over the other, disinterest when bodies lean away or liking when bodies create proximity.  The purpose to meeting is also conveyed through orientation such as confrontation, bargaining, friendship, or even indifference.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Body Raising Or Elevation 2Body raising or elevation: Status and dominance are closely related to the relative height of a person which is why people are seen as leaders when they are taller.  Height can be artificially raised as well with high heels or special footware for men, by using situation specific features such as staircases, using chairs which are taller or elevated platforms such as where the judge sits overlooking his courtroom.

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Body rocking: A technique used to show a desire to leave a conversation.  It is also meant to indicate a nonverbal “time constraint.”  It is a body language expression done by design to show others that one must be someplace else in order to appear more important.   The body is rocked from weight forward to weight back, from side to side, or turning the shoulders slightly away as one does naturally when exiting conversations.  This can tell people to warp up their conversation, or when done in dating, tease women inducing them to pursue.

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Body shifting: When a person rocks back and forth while sitting or standing.  This indicates a moderate uneasiness or boredom and a desire to leave.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Body Size ReductionBody size reduction: Whenever the body is less erect and less spread than normal.  Happens by pulling the arms and legs inward, lowering the head, tucking the chin inward.  Body size reduction shows submission, timidity and shyness.

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Bottom pinching: A sexually aggressive gesture when done by a man on an attractive woman especially when un-welcomed.  It takes on three forms and has been an Italian pastime: the pizzicato which is a quick tweak with the thumb and middle finger, the vivace which is more vigorous and uses several fingers and done more than once and the sostenuto which is prolonged and heavy handed with a rotation.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Boredom 6Boredom: An emotional state whereby an individual displays disinterest in the activities or the people around them.  Boredom is indicated by fidgeting, tapping the fingers or toes, appearing to have no emotion on the face, supporting the head on the hand and leaning against walls, tables, slouching backwards, letting the eyes wonder, gazing into the distance, sighing heavily, yawning, crossing and recrossing the arms and legs, fiddling with pens, eyeglasses or papers, doodling, pointing the body away from the speaker, shifting the weight, moving the head from side to side, rolling the eyes, stretching and picking at the fingernails.

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Bounce (the): A type of gait usually found in teenage girls who walk with a springy step.  It signifies health and optimism.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Brain-Body InterplayBrain-body interplay: As it relates to body language, the brain-body interplay says that they are linked making it difficult to “untie” body expressions from the underlying emotions that compel them.  For example, it is difficult to have a negative attitude while dancing spryly.  The actions the body performs tends to bleed through into the mind and create positive or negative feelings as the case may be.  Even laughing, done for no good reason, can put someone in a good mood because it helps release all sorts of positive hormones.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Broad Smile 2Broad smile:  In this smile the upper and lower teeth are made visible and the gaze is relaxed and the smile is intended to convey joy and pleasure.  This is a true smile and not one that is easily faked because the corners of the eyes display crow’s feet.

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Broken window theory (the): Says that disorderly appearance of an area increases the incidence of crime and antisocial behaviour occurring in that area.  Graffiti, trash and litter, and other items in disrepair tend to attract more damage and litter and also those types of people likely to inflict such detritus.  In a well known city experiment, graffiti that was quickly removed tended to reduce the amount of crime occurring in the area.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Buccinator MusclesBuccinator muscles: Muscles located on the sides of the face that draw the lip corners toward the ears.  It is activated during the sneer producing dimples in the cheeks.

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Business gaze: Eye contact in a business gaze that is held about 80-90% of the time to avoid feelings of discomfort.  They eyes follow a pattern whereby they never leave the face and spend the majority of the time between the forehead and the eyes, never below.

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Buttock clasping: A sexual display of affection usually done during copulation.  It is a firm grasping of the read end during pelvic thrusting.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Buttress StanceButtress stance: A standing posture where the leg bearing the body’s weight is straight, while the other leg is extended forward and outward away from the body.  It indicates a readiness to depart.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Buy SignalsBuy signals: These are nonverbal signals that indicate that a person is ready to commit to a sale.  They include eye increased eye contact, moving in and shrinking distance, touching the chin and greater relaxation.

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Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

The Body Language Project is the result of a decade of personal research including a thorough review of over 60 primary scientific research journal articles. Learning body language forms the perfect foundation for success in ALL your communication.

If you are only picking up on what is being said, you are missing more than half of the message.

For more information on BodyLanguage be sure to check out: BodyLanguageProject.com and the Ebook – The Body Language Guide to Dating, Attraction and Sexual Body Language.

 

Non Verbal Body Language Dictionary ::S::

Did we forget a nonverbal term?  Suggest it in the comment box or e-mail it direct, and we’ll be ecstatic to add it!  With well over 500 terms, the BLP dictionary is growing to be the largest free nonverbal dictionary in the world!  Brought to you exclusively by The Body Language Project!  Visit our homepage for more free learning.

Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Primary Emotions SadnessSadness: A raise of the inner eyelids into an inverted “V” accompanied by a lift of the lower eyelids.  Often accompanied by lines across the forehead with the mouth pulled downward and a droop in the eyelids.  Sadness also sees an overall depletion of energy, enthusiasm, trembling, slowing of metabolism and crying.

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Salute or obeisance: A gesture done by raising the hand with fingers outstretched rigidly to the side of the head near the temple.  It is usually done in a military context, but can also be done in ordinary context.  The gesture is designed to show respect among rank.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Sarcasm Or SarcasticSarcasm or sarcastic: These are body language signals that show mock approval or enthusiasm.  An example showing sarcasm is a distorted or uneven smile where the mouth is raised only on one side.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Scanning Eye MovementsScanning eye movements: An eye pattern used when gathering information from the surroundings.  It is characterized by raised eyebrows and wide eyes to provide the maximum field of view.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - ScornScorn: Sometimes flashing as a microexpression.  It is a combination of anger and disgust that happens by wrinkling of the nose, raising and tightening of the upper lip.  To visualize this expression think of a bad smell.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - ScratchingScratching: In proper context indicates uncertainty and a lack of knowledge such as when being asked a question.  The scratching behaviour is a pain inducer which causes painkilling hormones to be released to create relaxation in the face of emotional discomfort.  Other times, scratching is simply to alleviate an itch.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Scratching The NeckScratching the neck: This is a stress related behaviour aimed at pacifying and also protecting since the neck is a vulnerable part of the body.  Scratching the neck is done when under stress and when faced with uncertainty.

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Screaming or shouting (a):  When motivated by anger, screaming or shouting says that a person has lost their dignity and resolve and says that a person has lost control.

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Screaming or shouting (b): When motivated by happiness screaming signals ecstasy and good fortune.  A person might scream when they win a match or are reunited with loved ones.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Seated Body PointingSeated body pointing: Directing torsos, legs, feet, arms, hands and head toward those we are most interested in, or agree with the most.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Seated Readiness 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Seated Readiness 2Seated readiness: A body postures that indicate a desire to take action which is especially useful in sales and negotiation.  Examples include placing the hands on the thighs in the sprinters position and leaning forward onto the balls of the feet as if ready to spring up.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Secretiveness Body Language 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Secretiveness Body Language 2Secretiveness body language: When a person wishes to withhold information from other people.  Secretive people often reveal very little about themselves and their personal lives or may keep certain facets of their life private.  Secretive body language includes maintaining distance both emotionally and often physically, whispering, guarded posture with shoulders hunched, covering the mouth, body oriented away, pursed lips, tight jaw, frequent glancing down during conversations, eye avoidance, routinely hiding tracks and removing personal belongings from view.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Security BlanketsSecurity blankets:  Any object that is stroked our touched when someone is under pressure.  They arise out trying to keep our hands busy or perhaps as a tactile response.  Even those that spend a lot of time in front of large numbers of people feel the need for a security blanket.  The cuff link is a common choice when crossing an open room or when coming up on stage to perform a speech or accept an award.  Other security blankets can include handbags, bracelets, watches, shirt buttons or brief cases.

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Seducer eyes: An intimate gaze that produces attraction in the opposite sex.

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Seduction: The behavioural process resulting in sexual intercourse.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Self Administered HugSelf administered hug: When the arms are crossed and wrapped around the body.  At times, the hands will pacify by rubbing the shoulders.  Hugs, done in this way, indicate a need for reassurance as a mother would sooth a child.

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Self-awareness: The consciousness of how ones self is viewed by others through nonverbal channels.  Nonverbal self awareness includes overall attractiveness, marketability, capacity to impress, and having a lack of objectionable characteristics.

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Self branding: The creation of a polished self image such that it increases its marketability.  Branding says that in all facets of life, a person is selling themselves, be it to friends, family and at work.

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Self monitors: Defined as the desire or ability to regulate oneself to fit into any given environment.  “High self monitors” are more likely to change their behaviour in lieu of the situation and seem to be less consistent across context.  This personality type is more likely to mirror others.  “Low self monitors” are just the opposite, and remain almost the same across situations.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Self SlappingSelf slapping: When the open palm is quickly slapped against the head and have various meanings depending on its location.  For example a forehead slap means that a person realizes they’ve made a mistake and a hand slapping the back of the neck indicates that they feel someone is being a pain.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Self-Motivating GesturesSelf-motivating gestures: Gestures that indicate an attempt to create better functioning such as tapping the head, drumming the fingers, the chin or a pen, tapping the keyboard, or making circular motions with the hands.

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Sex-coloured-glasses: Because men have twenty times more testosterone than women, they tend to view all cues put out by women as displaying sexual interest.  This makes their ability to read proper interest in women clouded.

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Sex flush: A measles-like rash appearing as women (and sometime men) nears orgasm.  It appears on the breasts and chest and is found in nearly seventy-five percent of women and twenty-five percent of men.  This sex flush is not found at any other time and is not a reaction to temperature.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Sexual Hair PlaySexual hair play: Hair play is done by women who intent to show off their luxurious hair to men.  Hair tosses can be done by flicking the hair over the shoulder, twirling or rolling it and placed on top of the head, running it through the fingers or wrapping the hair around the neck.

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Sexual harassment body language: Any nonverbal body language that offends another person in a sexual manner such as unwanted come-ons, crude sexual joke, eye contact, touching, and so forth.  There is much controversy about sexual harassment stemming from the fact that it is defined differently between the sexes.  Women feel that any man is grounds to harass whereas men feel that it can only come from women in more powerful position than them (bosses, managers).  Women also define harassment from its origin.  Meaning that touch from more attractive men is not harassment, but when the same form of touching coming from less attractive men is deemed otherwise.

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Sexual suggestiveness attire or fashion: A person who chooses dress that is exceptionally sexy and revealing.  This type of fashion can be worn by a person who is either confident or insecure, but in either case, is trying to gain the attention of others.  This type of person is usually self-centered, vain and extroverted.  When worn out of context, sexy attire reveals a lack of good judgment.  The sexy dresser is also often sexually liberated, but also can be a confident tease.

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Sexy son hypothesis: Women favour men who are more dominant for random “one-night-stands” because they will receive no parental care but will foster “sexy son” as offspring.  Women will seek men who are sexier during peak ovulation and “softer” men who make good fathers at other times.

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Shake and wait approach: A technique that helps decide the level of liking that is present.  It is done by shaking hands as usual then taking a step backwards and seeing what transpires.  Someone that likes the other person will shrink the distance, while those that don’t, will maintain distance and even aim their bodies away.  Other times distance is maintained for cultural or personal reasons.

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Shifty eyes or darting eyes: Happens when the eyes dart all over the room to focus on anything but someone else’s eyes and is habitually associated with lying.  However, research has shown that most practiced liars hold gaze even more strongly than normal.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Shoe PlayShoe play: An indicator of comfort and agreement, usually found in a courtship setting done by a woman where the heel of the shoe is removed or the entire shoe dangled from a toe.  When agreement and comfort is not established the shoe will be put back on so as to be more prepared to escape.

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Short grabber/finger grabber handshake:  A handshake whereby only the fingers make it into the hand.  Short grabbers are usually insecure but often try to hide this by coming off as dominant.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Shoulder EmbraceShoulder embrace: A nonverbal signal of affection where arms are put around another’s shoulders.  This might occur between adult men, or between a mother and her child and is therefore non-sexual in nature.

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Shoulder shake: A conspicuous vibration, hunching and raise and lowering of the shoulders in secession accompanying laughter.  It is also termed “shaking with laughter.”

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Shoulder Shrugs Or Shoulder RiseShoulder shrugs or shoulder rise: A universal expression of doubt and uncertainty.  They are done by moving the shoulders upward toward the ears.  Shoulder shrugs can signify ignorance, indifference, helplessness, or resignation.

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Shoe play: A cue put out by women who wish to draw men’s attention to their sexiness.  It is done by dangling a shoe by the toe or bouncing the leg up and down.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Sideways Glance Or Sidelong Glance Or Glancing SidewaysSideways glance or sidelong glance or glancing sideways: Done by shifting the eyes to the left or right without moving the head.  It indicates hostility when accompanied by appropriate cues in a cluster or attraction/interest when it is done so as to avoid detection.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Sideways Glance Over Raised Shoulder 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Sideways Glance Over Raised Shoulder 2Sideways glance over raised shoulder: A sexual signal done by women to draw attention to their desire to be subordinate.  It is usually done by lowering the head slightly and “peering up” at the man of her interest.

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Sighs: An exhalation of air accompanied with a low huff or tone.  This signifies frustration, being overwhelmed or weighted down, burdened and thoughts of powerlessness.  Other times sighs are done at the completion of a difficult task spelling relief.  Sighs can be so low as to be barely distinguishable from ordinary exhalation.

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Sign language: A set of visual expressions of the hands, arms, body and face designed specifically to convey meaning from one person to another.  Sign language is the primary language for deaf people and is a form of body language.

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Silent language: The set of information which transferable from person to person of which there are no sounds whatever.  Silent language is a set of gestures, postures and facial expressions emitted all of the time, by all people regardless of their intentions.

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Situational awareness: Having a sense of where one is at all times with respect to the environment and the people in it.  It is a total picture of what is happening with every, or most of the facets going on around a person.  A nonverbalist must have a high situational awareness to be a proficient ready of nonverbal communication.

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Skepticism (nonverbal): A trait that serves the body language reader well especially those interested in detecting lies.  Being skeptical is what makes readers aware of their surroundings and question other people’s true motives.  Taking to elevators with strangers without looking them over, ignoring disheveled or inebriated homeless men, or even the well kept, yet out of place business man, can lead to unwanted results.  The skeptical nonverbalist is someone who reads everyone all the time and expects that until proven otherwise, are up to no good.  He or she reads people as if they are hiding their true emotions from others for direct gain, or to protect themselves from looking disadvantaged in one form or another.  The skeptical reader, seeks to uncover these features in others through reading their total self including their postures, gestures, fashion, facial expressions, eye patterns, and movements.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Skirt Hike 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Skirt Hike 2Skirt hike: The skirt hike happens completely subconsciously with little, and usually no awareness at all.  The “skirt hike” happens by fingering and play with the bottom ridge of the skirt.  Other times, the skirt hike happens in a more pronounced way by grabbing the bottom of the skirt and pulling it up a few inches or more, to reveal more leg.

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Slow speech or slow talking or slow talker: A speech trait where the speaker talks at a rate that is slower than ordinary.  Can be due to comfort and relaxation, or discomfort.  Slow speech can be due to trying to make an important point, anxiousness, confusion, lying, grief, fatigue, deep thought, illness or the influence of drugs or alcohol.

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Smells or olfaction or odors: A very powerful area of nonverbal communication that is rarely given the importance it deserves. This area of body language covers all aspects of odor from those consciously perceived to those which are not such as pheromones.  A person can read very distinct habits from a person’s odor.  They can detect their hygiene such as if they’ve recently washed their hair, the types of soaps they use, if they’ve brushed their teeth recently or used mouth wash and it has been postulated that a man can detect a women’s ovulation cycle.  Studies also show that women prefer men to carry scents of other women as a means of attraction.  Scents can tell you if a person smokes, what they’ve eaten and so forth.  Environmental scents are also important to the nonverbalist.  They tell of recent rain such as wet grass, fresh baking, lingering cologne signaling a foreign presence, pollution or cleaning chemicals and so forth which provide hints as to activities occurring nearby.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Smiles 1Smiles: Many biologists think the smile had roots as a fearful gesture as a sort of “fear grin”.  Smiles are controlled by two sets of muscles which are the zygomatic major muscles, that run down the side of the face to connect to the corners of the mouth and the orbicularis oculi muscles that pull the eyes back.  Today though, human smiles are a universally submissive gesture to show we are non-threatening and they also symbolize pleasure, amusement, or anxiety (grimace).

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Smooth movements: Controlled and conscious movements of the hands, arms, feet, head and torso that do not dart or jerk in any way.  The voice is steady, low and in control, it does not raise, yell or scream.  This fluidity demonstrates confidence, control, authority, trust, and commands respect from others.  It says Alpha.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Sneering Or Sneer (the)Sneering or sneer (the): Sneers activate the buccinator muscles located on the sides of the face to draw the corners of the lips sideways toward the ears.  Sneering is universal signal of contempt, arrogance, disapproval and disrespect.

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Social dynamics: The study of the interaction humans have with each other inside society at large.  To the realm of nonverbal behaviour, social dynamics represents the influence body language has on a group of people inside a given situation.

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Social gaze: Non-threatening eye contact that travels in a triangular pattern from eye to eye then to the mouth making some but infrequent trips to the rest of the body.  This gaze is brief, lasting only a few seconds followed by breaks in eye contact.

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Social touching: Touching between friends and family including hand holding, hugging, offering a hand to steady, helping someone with their coat.

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Sociology: Is a realm of study that looks at society and how it functions using very broad disciplines.  To the nonverbalist, sociology looks at the effects of body language on social order, its maintenance and its effects.

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Social space zone: A distance of five to twelve feet which we employ as a buffer between people we interact with for everyday relationships that we do not know well.

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Soft voice: A voice that is so quiet it is difficult to make out what is being said.  This voice trait is sometimes used to manipulate others who strain to hear what is being said or mean that the speaker lacks confidence and assertiveness.  Other times a soft voice implies a quiet confidence from a person who lacks a desire to control a conversation.  Other meanings of soft voice includes a withdrawl from a conversation due to confrontation, discomfort or nervousness, grief or sorrow, that a person is lying, forcing a person to move closer (power play), to limit what is being heard, tiredness or illness.

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Sommer, Robert: Distinguished professor of Psychology Emeritus at the University of California, Davis who began researching the use of space in the 1950’s.  He’s best known for his book “Personal Space: The Behavioral Basis of Design” published in 1969.  He also authored “Expertland”, “Personal Space”, “Design Awareness”, “Tight Spaces”, “Street Art”, “Sidewalk Fossils”, “The End of Imprisonment”, “The Mind’s Eye”, “A Practical Guide to Behavioral Research”, among others.

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Song-like laughs: Also called voiced laughs and are typically sounds such as “ha,ha,ha” or “he,he,he”.  Song like laughs are seen as more attractive in both sexes rather than unvoiced laughter.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Space InvasionSpace invasion: Happens when people come to close to another such that it creates anxiety and defensive body language.

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Spatial awareness: The ability to properly control and use space to a person’s benefit.  This includes respecting (or disrespecting as in a power play) space zone, their touch restrictions, and even voice volume.  It also includes the relationship of the body to nearby objects and a person’s position in a room.  To have a poor sense of spatial awareness a person lacks a sense of their surroundings.  To the nonverbalist it includes a cognition of how space is used with the people around them so as to read hidden messages of like, dislike, intimacy, etc.

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Spatial empathy: An informal term used by expatriate workers in Hong Kong and then later into Japan and China who were typically from Australia, England, France and the United States.  Even though the city itself was very westernized, the walkways and public transport system were very crowded by comparison.  Preventing intrusion into their personal space was proven difficult and at times impossible.  Spatial empathy therefore describes a state or mind whereby people are either aware of the needs of peoples space or are not.

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Spatial needs: The relative amount of area that is reserved for a person of which no one else is permitted to enter.

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Speech hesitation: Differing from pauses, speech hesitations are time wasters imparted by people who lack the knowledge to properly and directly address concerns.  They usually use filler words such as “hmms” and “ahhs” or “like.”  Speech hesitation says that a person lacks confidence.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Speech-Independent GesturesSpeech-independent gestures: A deliberate body language cue that is a replacement for a specific word or short phrase which are usually culturally specific.  Examples include shoulder shrugs for “I don’t know”, waving for “Hello” or “Goodbye”, Index finger to lips for “Be quiet”, etc.

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Speech-related gestures: A deliberate body language cue that accompanies speech serving to punctuate, emphasize and to regulate the flow of speech.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Splay Or Splaying 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Splay Or Splaying 2 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Splay Or Splaying 3 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Splay Or Splaying 4 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Splay Or Splaying 5Splay or splaying: When the body is made to appear larger by spreading out the arms and legs, leaning back and puffing out the chest.  It is a high confidence and high dominance display.  It often indicates territoriality and in the wrong context disrespect and indifference.

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Spontaneous body language: Body language that occurs automatically, unintentionally and without conscious awareness.  These include various visceral fear responses as well as other nonverbals which are leaked.  Throughout life, people are taught to manage these naturally occurring gestures, postures and signals but they are usually readily occurring in young children and teenagers such as when the stare and point at unique looking people.  Extroverted individuals also emit more spontaneous body language when compared to introverted individuals.  Spontaneous nonverbal language is the most useful type since it represents true underlying emotions rather than deliberate body language.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Spreading Body Language 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Spreading Body Language 2 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Spreading Body Language 3 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Spreading Body Language 4 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Spreading Body Language 5 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Spreading Body Language 6Spreading body language: When the body takes up more space rather than less space.  For example, the arms might be placed over the back of the chair rather than crossed and the legs might be spread apart.  It indicates dominance and comfort.

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Square jaws: A masculine facial feature that has been tied to female preference for one-night-stands.  It is also rated by women as a feature predictive of less stability in child rearing (fatherhood) and so men with square jaws are chosen more often during lustful affairs, rather than for long term relationships.

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Square table seating: Square tables can form defensive, competitive and cooperative arrangements depending on seating location.  Cooperate by sitting side by side across a corner and competitive by facing head on across the table.  They are ideal for short meetings, or to create superior or subordinate relationships.

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Stalling body language or stalling tactics: Body language that delays decision making.  It is usually found as the time nears to sign contracts, fill out paper work, or purchase orders.  It includes behaviours such as cleaning glasses, taking a smoke break, sipping a drink, adjusting clothing, or chatting about topics that are insignificant.

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Stammering eyes: The action of keeping the eyes closed for prolonged periods of time.  Can sometimes give liars away.

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Standing at attention: A standing position where the legs are together, neither one in front of the other.  It signifies “no comment” and a person who has neither committed to stay or go.  It is used more often by women than by men, and it happens when meeting with higher ranking people indicating subordination.

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Standing square:  When people who speak to each other stand facing each other directly.  It is a confrontational orientation similar to those nearing, or in physical conflict.

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Stardust chairs or stardust seating positions: These are the seats flanking the head of the table which are those with the second most powerful. They are called stardust because they are close enough to the leader that his star power or “dust” is likely to rub off on them.  When these chairs are usurped it signifies that a person is a wannabe leader rather than one deserved based on performance.

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Stare or gaze fixation or eye threat: An offensive eye pattern where the eyes often remain unblinking and threatening or leer at another person for an uncomfortable length of time.  It is as if the eyes are assaulting and of which the eye contact is done without permission and of which violates the moral looking time and so produces, and is the result of, negative (but sometimes sexual) feelings.

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Stare test: A test to verify if a person is purposely overstepping the moral looking time.  It involves making eye contact initially with a stranger, then frequent and randomly looking back to see if the stranger is still looking.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Starter’s Position (the) Or Knee Clasp (the) Or Sitting At The Edge Of The Chair 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Starter’s Position (the) Or Knee Clasp (the) Or Sitting At The Edge Of The Chair 2Starter’s position (the) or Sprinter’s position or knee clasp (the) or Sitting at the edge of the chair: A readiness gesture and an intension movement indicating a desire to end a conversation and leave, or take some other form of action.  It is done by placing both hands on the knees when seated and leaning forward.  While standing it happens by placing the hands on the hips.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Stature And HeightStature and height: One of the most important physical qualities in maintenance and creation of dominance especially in men.  Studies show that the relative height of a man translates directly into earning potential and sexual attractiveness as defined by women.  Women are also affected by height, except in a much different way.  Women who are taller are seen as less desirable by men, but also as more dominant.

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Steinzor effect: When larger groups meet in the competitive arrangement with many people facing one another across a rectangular table, it is most often the person to the front of the speaker directly across the table that talks next, and rarely the person to their side.  This has been termed the “Steinzor effect” and was named after the researcher Dr. Bernard Steinzor in 1950 who first discovered the occurrence.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Stealing LooksStealing looks:  A look that is stolen is one that happens by looking to the sides without turning the head.  Both sexes do it to check out a sexual prospect, a rival while at the same time remain safe from detection.

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Step to the right handshake technique: A method of thwarting the palm-down dominant handshake presented by a power player.  It involves stepping forward with the left foot as you reach to shake hands, then stepping forward with the right foot so as to move across the body and into the other person’s personal space while twisting their hand from downward facing, to even and then upward facing.  Finally, the left leg is brought forward.  The goal, and the result of this technique, is to turn what would have been a submissive palm up handshake into a palm even or palm down dominant handshake.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Stiff ArmStiff arm:  A defensive arm distancing posture that happens by thrusting the arm forward and away from the body with the palm face vertical in a “stop” type signal in order to indicate to another person that they have overstepped personal space boundaries.

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Stiff arm and thrust forward handshake:  A handshake that occurs by thrusting forward after meeting so as to put another off balance.  Comes from people who require more space than ordinary.

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Stiff upper-lip (the): Done by compressing the lips tightly and indicates thought process when someone is trying to come up with an alternate idea.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Stroking Body Language 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Stroking Body Language 2 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Stroking Body Language 3 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Stroking Body Language 4 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Stroking Body Language 5 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Stroking Body Language 6 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Stroking Body Language 7Stroking body language: Gestures that include touching the face, cheek, head, neck, shoulder, arm, hand or leg in response to negative stimulus in order to create comfort and to pacify.

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Stride (the): A cool but dominant gait type characterized by unusually long strides.

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Strutting: A swagger while walking that displays confidence, dominance and usually sex appeal.  Men are said to strut when trying to appear masculine in the eye of women.

Women can also strut, but it’s not as typical as it is for men.  Shoulders back, head up, as if swimming through the air moving the upper body back and forth.

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Stubborn or stubbornness: An emotion delineating a lack of desire to cooperate conveyed through body language by gestures and postures.  The cues include arm crossing, a closed leg posture, staring eyes or down-turned head, a tight mouth and sometimes even pouting.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Submissive Body Language 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Submissive Body Language 2 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Submissive Body Language 3 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Submissive Body Language 4Submissive body language: Any body language that forces the one to take up less space.  It can include shoulders hunched, arms folded inward or crossed, or legs together.  The tighter the body position the more submissive the body language.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - SubstitutingSubstituting: One of the six main categories of body language.  This is body language that is used to directly replace verbal words.  A person might use body language rather than words when the words are embarrassing to speak, too difficult to speak, a person can’t find the right words so uses gestures or wishes to avoid conflict.  Substitution includes such body language as turning the toes and torso away from a person when wishing to end a conversation.

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Sub-typical: A person or group of people who fall on the left side of a gradient or bell curve in terms of their actions or popularity.  They are below average.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Suckling 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Suckling 2Suckling: The mouth and lips are full of nerve endings which, when stimulated, provides tactile gratification and comfort.  However, anytime the fingers go to the mouth or play with the side of the mouth or lip, it’s a retrogressive action indicating insecurity since the gesture is an attempt to pacifying as an infant would.

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Sudden nonverbal changes: Are nonverbal patterns that, in a moment’s time, change.  They indicate the presence of a telltale stimulus and one worth noting to the body language reader.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - SupplicationSupplication: Refers to body language that is designed to lower inherent self value in the eye of someone else who holds something desirable in hopes of obtaining it from them.  Nonverbal supplication involves leaning forward to show interest while speak with someone, rather than leaning back, forcing them to chase.  There are some cases where supplication is warranted such as conceding to higher ranking officials or employers, but others where it is ill advised, such as in dating, where the creation and maintenance of social value is paramount, especially in men.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Suprasternal Notch Or Neck Dimple 2 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Suprasternal Notch Or Neck Dimple 1Suprasternal notch or neck dimple: The dimple located just below the neck between the Adam’s apple and the breast bone which women habitually cover when nervous, distressed, threatened, insecure, fearful or uncomfortable.

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Super female signals: The exaggeration of features that are characteristic of the female sex, and of which men find particularly appealing.  For example, super sexual signals include breasts that are not only large, but very large, feet that are not only small, but very small, hips that are not only wide, but very wide.  This extends to long hair, long eyelashes, long legs and hairlessness (except the head).

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Super-typical: A person or group of people who fall on the right side of a gradient or bell curve in terms of their actions or popularity.  They are above average.

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Suppressed expressions: Facial expressions that appear subconsciously, but are quickly impeded or modified so as to conceal them from view and present a more desirable expressions.  Reading these cues can indicate honest feelings.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Surprised Facial Expression Or SurprisedSurprised body language: A state of mind usually accompanied by fear, excitement or pleasure.  Body language indicating surprise include stepping backwards or away to avoid the stimulus, ducking or head covering, extending the arms and legs outward, jumping upwards, dropping the mouth, widening the eyes, gasping or screaming.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - SurprisedSurprised facial expression or surprised:  Characterized by an upward curve of the eyebrows, widening of the eyes to reveal the whites and a drop of the jaw.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Suspicious Body Language Or SuspicionSuspicious body language or suspicion: Nonverbal cues that indicate that a person is wary of another’s motives and so is pensive.  Eye squinting and having focused eyes that track a target are two ways suspicion is conveyed.  Other body language indicating suspicion includes furrowed brows, turning the head sideways then upwards as if thinking, peering over glasses and tightening of the lips.

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Swagger: A way of carrying the body that emits extreme confidence and self esteem, strength, charisma, a sense of masculinity, and even danger.  Having swagger implies that a person has excellent and attractive body language including posture and movement, eye patterns and voice tonality such that it creates envy in men and awe in women.

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Sweating: A limbic response due to high stress or anxiety.  It usually occurs in the armpits, hands and often the forehead.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Symbolic StrippingSymbolic stripping: Includes loosening ties, removing jackets or over-shirts, rolling up the sleeves, undoing buttons and so forth.  The nonverbal message it entails is mixed since it depends on context.  It can deliver a sexual message in a romantic situation, getting down to business at work, or comfort when done around friends.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - SymbolsSymbols: Learned gestures that represent particular sentiments.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - SymmetrySymmetry: Having equal proportions from the right to the left side.  Extensive scientific research shows that symmetry is a key element to beauty, especially as it applies to the face.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - SynchronySynchrony: When the body’s of two people seem to have a flow or to be moving in unison.  Synchrony happens when the arm and leg movements mirror or echo the person or persons they are interacting with, when verbal cues are copied, or even when attire is matched building commonality.  Synchrony indicates agreement of ideas and that a common ground has been established.

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Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

The Body Language Project is the result of a decade of personal research including a thorough review of over 60 primary scientific research journal articles. Learning body language forms the perfect foundation for success in ALL your communication.

If you are only picking up on what is being said, you are missing more than half of the message.

For more information on BodyLanguage be sure to check out: BodyLanguageProject.com and the Ebook – The Body Language Guide to Dating, Attraction and Sexual Body Language.

Non Verbal Body Language Dictionary ::R::

Did we forget a nonverbal term?  Suggest it in the comment box or e-mail it direct, and we’ll be ecstatic to add it!  With well over 500 terms, the BLP dictionary is growing to be the largest free nonverbal dictionary in the world!  Brought to you exclusively by The Body Language Project!  Visit our homepage for more free learning.

Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

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Radical hair styles: A person who’s hair is far beyond ordinary.  This person is usually rebellious, adventurous, trendy, a nonconformist, artistic, expressive, is trying to fit in with certain peers, has no regard for personal appearance, has a need to be different or is being affect by their culture.

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Rapid speech: A voice trait when the rate of speaking occurs at an above average rate making what is being said difficult to follow.  Talking fast can be due to lying (fast talking salesman), a reaction to growing up in a house where it was hard to get a word in, a basic insecurity, poor self-esteem, efforts to gain attention, nervousness, impatience, anxiety, insecurity, excitement, fear, drugs or alcohol use, anger, desire to persuade or being caught in a lie.

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Rapport or rapport building:  When bodies flow in unison while in conversation as if in a dance, they have achieved perfect rapport.  Good rapport includes, proper turn taking in speech, matched pace, tonality and volume, mirroring or echoing with respect to posture, matched gesturing and agreement indicators are present and used appropriately to create a seamless and synchronous conversation between two or more people.  Rapport is a nonverbal necessity in forming social bonds in friends, in sales to produce comfort and agreement.  In all situations, rapport produces liking.  It is good rapport that is felt when people feel relaxed and comfortable with others.

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Raspy voice: A raspy voice is a trait usually found in people who smoke, but it can also be due to a cold, bronchitis or physical ailment.  Other times a raspy voice is due to overuse or misuse of the vocal cords.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Readiness To Submit PosturesReadiness to submit postures: Cues that can eliminate, or significantly reduce the possibility of confrontation usually done by making the body smaller and lowering the eyes.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Ready LanguageReady language: Postures or positions that indicate a desire to leave or take action.  Putting the weight forward on the toes, extending a foot in the direction one wishes to exit and putting the hands on the knees are a few examples.

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Reading readiness: When a nonverbal reader has the foundation, understanding and awareness to predict behaviour in other people.  It involves knowing the catalogue of body language cues in addition to their meaning, and then carefully observing them in others with an unbiased, objective eye to decipher hidden meaning.

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Recognition gestures: An indication that a person has identified someone familiar.  The signals include a smile, eye widening, eyebrow flash, waving and so forth.

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Rectangular table seating arrangements: A table dimension that makes it possible to structure power.  The head of the table gains the most power except when it puts their back to the door.  Power trickles down as one moves down the table from the head.  The person sitting opposite the head is in a competitive arrangement with them.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Regal Stance 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Regal Stance 2Regal stance: A standing body position whereby the arms are placed behind the back.  It signifies a desire not to be touched and a haughty attitude.  Royalty and those of high rank will be seen performing this stance.

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Regulating: One of the six main categories of body language.  This category of body language carries all that is aimed at controlling the pace of a message.  It includes all body language used in proper turn-taking such as head nodding, mouth gapping to indicate a desire to speak, eye contact, and so forth.

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Regulators: Used to modulate and maintain the flow of the speech, or turn taking, during a conversation.  They include kinesic such as head nods or nonkinesic such as eye movements as well as verbal utterances such as “mhums” and “yeses.”

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Reinforced arm crossing: A full arm cross in combination with clenched fists in a cluster.  This cluster indicates hostility and defensiveness.  When arm crossing is combined with a tight-lipped smile or clenched teeth is signifies that a verbal or physical confrontation is immanent.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Rejection Body Language 2 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Rejection Body Language 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Rejection Body Language 3 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Rejection Body Language 4 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Rejection Body Language 5Rejection body language:  Cues used to repel others such as turning the head away and body away, holding an expressionless face, staring blankly, bringing the hand up to stifle a false or real yawn, sneering, fidgeting or picking the fingernails, open rejection of conversation, and so forth.

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Regional style: Fashion and apparel that provides cues to a person’s heritage.  They can include male bikini style bathing suits, cowboy hats, distinctive jewelry or other accessories, big hairdos and so forth.

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Register: Is the range of the voice from its highest of highs to it’s lowest of lows.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Relaxed Body Postures 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Relaxed Body Postures 2 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Relaxed Body Postures 3 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Relaxed Body Postures 4 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Relaxed Body Postures 5Relaxed body language: Relaxed includes a letting down of defensive and closed body language that is typically guarded and rigid for a more open or loose form body language as a person becomes more comfortable.  Examples of relaxed body language include a loose body, leg spreading, removing attire, increasing proximity and gesticulation.  More extreme relaxation includes laying down or throwing a leg over the arm of a chair.

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Relaxed body postures: Found in people that feel they belong or “own” a situation.  They include a loose and open body.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Remotivating Or RemotivateRemotivating or remotivate: Nonverbal gestures used to control the reaction of others.  When a women displays sexually to gain an advantage she is said to be remotivating her target.  Acting submissive to dominant individuals is also a form of remotivating.

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Repeating: One of the six main categories of body language.  Repeating says that body language is used to convey the same meaning as what was just iterated verbally.  If one says “move that over there” then, after a moment pointing in the direction to which one wants something moved, then body language has served to repeat a thought.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Reptilian Brain (the) Or The Honest BrainReptilian brain (the) or the honest brain: The reptilian brain produces visceral bodily responses such as heart rate, blood pressure, circulation, respiration, digestion, and reproduction.  The reptilian brain is the brain stem.  It produces nonverbal body language that is deemed more truthful than that generated by the neocortex which is capable of producing conscious movements.  When a person defense their territory and competes for dominance it is due to the reptilian brain.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Resentment Body Language Or ResentResentment body language or resent: A set of signals that forms the backdrop to anger or jealousy that happens when someone has had something taken away from them of which creates envy and negative feelings toward that person.  The body language of those with resentment habitually involves some form of distancing from the stimulus which has caused the emotion.  Resentment body language includes crossing the arms, stiffening of the body, grimacing, pouting, avoidance, looking away and various anger signals.

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Resonance: An aspect of voice cause by vibrations in the vocal chambers such as the mouth or pharynx.  An authoritative voice resonates from within the chest whereas thin and tight vocal cords produce resonance through the head creating a higher resonance.  Low resonances are deep, mellow and earthy, whereas high resonance appears nasal and at times annoying.

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Restraint, restrained, restraining or restricted behaviour: Nonverbal language and movement that is more limited than a person’s baseline.  It often indicates a fear response due to anxiety and sometimes predicts lying.

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Rictus: A term stemming from the Latin word meaning “open mouth.”  A fixed grimace resulting from extreme shock or nervousness.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - RisoriusRisorius: Muscles located at the corners of the lips which stretch the mouth toward the ears in the false smile.

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Ritual gestures: Movements that are created between two or more people to build a connection.  They can include blowing kisses from mother to infant, silly dance moves, or secrete handshakes.  These can extend into adulthood through sports such as end-zone celebrations and other elaborate signals.  These gestures are aimed at building relationships and connectivity since they are formulated between close knit people in an exclusive setting.

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Rocking: A rhythmic motion of the torso from side to side or from front to back.  Usually rocking signifies a negative thought and based on its intensity and persistence spells to what degree it is felt.  High intensity rocking is found in the mentally ill, and low grade rocking can be found in infants who are bored.  Rocking also indicates nervousness and can be found in people preparing for sporting events, or to take stage.  In this case, rocking is a substitute for pacing.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Rogatory PostureRogatory posture: When the arms are completely outstretched with palms up we call it the “rogatory” posture, or prayer-like.  It is a posture used to signify a desire to be believed and trusted however it also tells of a person who lacks conviction.

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Rolled up sleeves (on men): Most powerful when done in a shirt and tie, this gesture symbolizes a desire to get down to business in a less formal manner.  Barack Obama can be seen doing this when speaking on change and action.  Women usually perceive this body language as masculine and sexy since it puts the forearms on display.

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Room encompassing glance: Occurs when a women first casts her eyes around the room for 5 to 10 seconds.  If she spots someone she is interested in, she will take a second look. This second glance is directed toward a specific man.  It will be short, and she will rotate her head 25 to 40 degrees to the side then look away (usually downward) within about 3 seconds.  Women usually continue this behavior until they meet their target’s eyes.  At this point, the target and the woman will hold a mutual gaze lasting about 3 seconds with eye contact broken most often by the women.

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Rotation of the pelvis:  While sitting or standing, a woman may subtly roll her pelvis to draw attention to her sexuality.

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Roving eyes: Eyes that wander all over the room making a person seem disinterested and superior.

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Round table seating arrangements or team style seating: A relaxed informal way to sit that promotes discussion among people and creates egalitarian relationships.

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Rituals: Habitual gestures that repeat within a culture including ceremony, idiosyncrasies or social norms.

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Rituals of nervousness:  Person specific patterns that outline tension in a person.  They can include stroking the arm of a chair, playing with a pen, playing with the hair, or adjusting clothing.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Rubbing The EyeRubbing the eye: Usually signifying doubt or disbelief although sometimes indicating fatigue or to alleviate an itch.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Rubbing The ForeheadRubbing the forehead: An evaluative body language gesture but also one that signals an internal struggle where slight to severe discomfort is being experienced.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Rubbing The Hands GesturesRubbing the hands gestures:  A universal signal indicating that someone is prepared to receive something and is figuratively like washing or cleaning them.  In an evolutionary sense it is mean to keep the gift which is about to be received clean.  We often see those closing important contracts or sales rubbing their hands.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Rule Of FourRule of four: States that to get an accurate reading of people’s body language you need to find at least four congruent signals at the same time.

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Rule of mixed signals (the): This nonverbal rule says that when there is a mismatch between someone’s body language and their words, rely more heavily on the body language when trying to accurately read a person.

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Rule of negative body language (the): This nonverbal rule says that when a person mixes positive and negative body language rely more on the negative cues than the positive cues.  The rule is designed to account for the fact that a person is habitually hiding negativity so as to appear more in control and less abrasive in the eyes of others.

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Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

The Body Language Project is the result of a decade of personal research including a thorough review of over 60 primary scientific research journal articles. Learning body language forms the perfect foundation for success in ALL your communication.

If you are only picking up on what is being said, you are missing more than half of the message.

For more information on BodyLanguage be sure to check out: BodyLanguageProject.com and the Ebook – The Body Language Guide to Dating, Attraction and Sexual Body Language.

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