Tag Archive for Handshake

Non Verbal Body Language Dictionary ::W::

Did we forget a nonverbal term?  Suggest it in the comment box or e-mail it direct, and we’ll be ecstatic to add it!  With well over 500 terms, the BLP dictionary is growing to be the largest free nonverbal dictionary in the world!  Brought to you exclusively by The Body Language Project!  Visit our homepage for more free learning.

Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

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Warding Harding error or The Harding effect: A term originating out of the twenty-ninth president Warren Harding who was voted into office based primarily on his outer appearance – he just looked presidential.  He had a booming voice, piercing eyes and charisma which was enough for the voters in the early 1920’s.  Author Malcolm Gladwell coined the term in his book Blink that says that we judge by appearance, and we judge quickly, but that this decision is not always correct.  Harding turned out to be corrupt and suffering from marital affairs demonstrating how dubbed voters had been.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - War of the eyesWar of the eyes:  A term originated from war where soliders cast eyes meant to intimidate, where darting eyes meet blank stares, and other eyes still looking for friendship that are met with eyes of fear.  The eyes can convey many meanings.

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Wave: The hand is raised and moved back and forth.  It is a long distance greeting gesture.

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Whining voice or whine: A voice trait aimed specifically at manipulating other people without using forceful words or asking for something outright.  It is sometimes sign-song like, high pitched and nagging.  Those who use whining voices are usually followers by nature and often prefer complain rather than take action to rectify issues hoping others will take care of them.  When suggestions are rejected, they often withdraw and pout.  Whiners often surround themselves with people who are sympathetic to their complaints and help them.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - WhisperingWhispering:  Talking at such a low level that it requires someone else to move into the speaker’s personal space zone creating intimacy.  It is an effective tactic in dating and attraction.

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Whistling: Blowing air over the lips and teeth to produce a high pitched sound – often producing a ‘tune’ with varying music notes.  Whistling indicates contentment, usually, however it can also signify the desire to be pacified making it context specific.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Wide ArmsWide arms: A long distance embrace-indicator.  The arms are spread wide apart and eye contact is established with the target or targets.  Entertainers can be seen performing this gesture toward their audience after completing a routine.

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Wiggle (the): An erotic gait type performed by women wishing to display femininity.  It is a shifting of the weight from one hip to the other.

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Wink: A gesture that usually signals sexual connotations whereby one eye closes for a split second while the other remains open.  Normally, men or overt women will perform this gesture to the opposite sex as a sexual invitation.  When done in good humour signifies a cheeky attitude.

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Witch’s brows: Naturally low set eyebrows making a women appear sinister.

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Whistling: A nonverbal message indicating contentment or conversely meant to pacify and calm.

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Wincing eyes: Wincing happens as the eyelids are quickly tightened.  An eyeblocking form of body language designed to prohibit distasteful images from being received at full view.  Wincing falls into the category of microexpressions since it happens quickly and lasts only fractions of a second, yet is full of meaning.  A person might wince when reading objectionable portions of a contract.  Wincing can also be due to the sudden approach of projectiles or the sun’s glare.

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Worry body language or worry: Body language that signals that a person is concerned about something and thinks there is a good chance there will be a negative outcome.  This emotion is usually accompanied by anxiousness, nervousness and fear.  Body language spelling worry include repetitive actions such as pacing, nail biting, wringing the hands, shaking, fidgeting, lack of focus and various pacifying behaviours such as rubbing the face or playing with hair.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Worry Facial ExpressionWorry facial expression: A facial expression where the eyebrows come together in the middle.

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Wrench forward handshake: Done by pulling someone in closer and indicates a desire to control someone by pulling them into their personal space.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Wrist Displays 2 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Wrist Displays 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Wrist Displays 3Wrist displays: Exposures of the wrist and neck are linked to visceral responses linked to submissiveness and are displayed during courtship by women.

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Wrist hold handshake: An intimate handshake more common for politicians than ordinary people where the wrist of the other person is grasped with the left hand.

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Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

The Body Language Project is the result of a decade of personal research including a thorough review of over 60 primary scientific research journal articles. Learning body language forms the perfect foundation for success in ALL your communication.

If you are only picking up on what is being said, you are missing more than half of the message.

For more information on BodyLanguage be sure to check out: BodyLanguageProject.com and the Ebook – The Body Language Guide to Dating, Attraction and Sexual Body Language.

Non Verbal Body Language Dictionary ::U::

Did we forget a nonverbal term?  Suggest it in the comment box or e-mail it direct, and we’ll be ecstatic to add it!  With well over 500 terms, the BLP dictionary is growing to be the largest free nonverbal dictionary in the world!  Brought to you exclusively by The Body Language Project!  Visit our homepage for more free learning.

Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Unblinking EyeUnblinking eye: Research shows us that a steady stare of more than ten seconds creates anxiety and discomfort especially in subordinates making it a dominant signal.  When done by two equally dominant individuals it can lead to feelings of aggression and in extreme cases, even physical altercations.

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Uncommitted (liars):  The subconscious mind limbic mind of liars doesn’t allow them to motion or carry on with enthusiasm.  Liars will us duller motions and use less commitment to them.  This is part of the fight or flight response.

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Undershaker handshake:  A handshake that happens so quickly, that it’s actually offensive.  Indicates indifference and suspicion.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Undivided AttentionUndivided attention (nonverbal): When the entire body is directed at a speaker including toes, legs, torso, hands, arms, head and eyes.  It is a rare cue that happens when the body shows no signs of a desire to exit and is totally immersed.  It is most frequently found in lovers, but can also happen when being particularly moved through an extraordinary experience.  Other times, attention is usually being competed for and is visible through various inattention cues such as scanning the room, pointing the feet toward an exit and so forth.

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Unemotional or flat voice: A voice that lacks emotional characteristics.  This voice trait can indicate boredom, anger, resentment, frustration, depression or a physical ailment.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Uneven Smile 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Uneven Smile 2Uneven smile:  This is associated with tongue-in-cheek humour or sarcasm and happens when only one side of the face sports a smile and the other side does not.  The opposite side may even be down turned or frowning indicated the presence of opposite or conflicting emotions.  The uneven smile would accompany cheeky humour amongst friends.

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Unintentional gestures: Body movements that happen out of conscious awareness.  These gestures are usually more honest than other gestures since they happen naturally and are not the result of planned impression management.

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Universal facial expressions: There are six main facial expressions that are found throughout the world.  They are happiness, sadness, surprise, fear, anger and disgust.

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Universal gestures: These are nonverbal postures and positions that have meaning across cultures and include smiles, frowns, grimace, grief as well as shoulder shrugs, hiding the face for embarrassment, pointing and beckoning.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Universal TellsUniversal tells: Gestures and postures that are the same across culture that are the most reliable in reading other people.  An example of a ‘universal tell’ is compressed lips which indicating that a person is holding a negative thought.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Unmatched Face 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Unmatched Face 2Unmatched face: A facial expression that is uneven across each side of the face.  In other words, it is stronger on one side than the other, but otherwise shows the same expression.  Unmatched or asymmetrical expressions give clues to deceptive expressions.

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Unvoiced laughs: Includes laughs such as snorts, grunt and pants rather then song like laughs such as the characteristics “ha, ha, ha”.  These types of laughs seen as less attractive.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Unwavering Gaze 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Unwavering Gaze 2Unwavering gaze: In most animal species unwavering gaze is used to display dominance and aggression when it happens between members of the same species.  When it happens across species it indicates that a prey has been centered out and the stalk has begun.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Up Nonverbals Or UpwardnessUp nonverbals or upwardness: A term that encompasses body language such as toes aimed upward while standing (heel down, weight on opposite foot), thumbs up, chin up, raised arms, etc.  These “up” nonverbals are gravity defying body language because they are difficult to do and require effort and commitment.  This makes these cues honest and ones that a nonverbalist can rely on.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Upper Arm Grip 2Upper arm grip: A posture where the arm is wrap in behind the back to reach to wrist are upper arm.  This indicates an attempt at self-control as a result of negative thoughts.

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Upper arm grip handshake (the): An intimate political-type handshake where the hands meet and the opposite hand reaches up to grasp the upper left arm just above the elbow.  In the wrong context, this handshake will seem insincere and off-putting so should only be used with extreme caution.

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Upper lip bite: When the lower teeth bite at the upper lip.  This is a signal of true anxiety or when done routinely a pacifying gestures aimed at calming a person.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Upper SmileUpper smile:  In this smile the upper lid is raised to expose only the top row of teeth, but the true significance is that the lower teeth remain hidden.  The jaw and teeth remain closed and the message conveyed is of medium pleasure and from those who are insecure.  Used car salesman, who beam light from their teeth in this way, will seem to have a hidden agenda.

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Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

The Body Language Project is the result of a decade of personal research including a thorough review of over 60 primary scientific research journal articles. Learning body language forms the perfect foundation for success in ALL your communication.

If you are only picking up on what is being said, you are missing more than half of the message.

For more information on BodyLanguage be sure to check out: BodyLanguageProject.com and the Ebook – The Body Language Guide to Dating, Attraction and Sexual Body Language.

Non Verbal Body Language Dictionary ::T::

Did we forget a nonverbal term?  Suggest it in the comment box or e-mail it direct, and we’ll be ecstatic to add it!  With well over 500 terms, the BLP dictionary is growing to be the largest free nonverbal dictionary in the world!  Brought to you exclusively by The Body Language Project!  Visit our homepage for more free learning.

Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

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Tanned skin or tan: When the skin is darkened due to exposure to UV rays either through tanning beds or outside exposure.  Tanned skin reveals a person’s hobbies or work environment.  When it is due to tanning can indicate vanity especially when overdone.  Tanned skin can also reveal a recent sunny vacation, or that a person works outdoors habitually and will usually have callused hands.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Tap (the) 1Tap (the): A nonverbal cue given off by available women whereby the index finger taps the forearm.  It is usually done when the arms are crossed.  The tap is like an abbreviated finger motion as in, “come here.”

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - TappingTapping: Tapping of the feet, fingers, or with objects, it indicates boredom and a desire to exit a situation.  Other times it indicates anxiety where tapping is a form of energy release.

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Tapping a pencil on the teeth: Indicates that thought is taking place.

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Target: That person to which body language is aimed at, or, of which is being read.

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Taste or tastefulness: Nonverbal signals that are culturally specific and also somewhat subjective indicating that a person prefers clothing and material objects that are in style or fashionable.  Having good taste reveals good judgment about social norms, a sensitivity about the opinions of others, sophistication and prosperity. The opposite signals are conveyed with poor taste.

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Teacup handshake:  The palm is cupped such that it makes no contact with the other palm. It indicates shyness or insecurity.

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Teeth grinding or teeth clenching: Occurs when the jaw is tightly clenched and the teeth rub back and forth or simply by clenching the jaw tightly.  It indicates inward-directed anxiety, frustration or anger.  Other times clenching is due to intense physical strain or in anticipation of pain.

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Teeth licking or running tongue over teeth or tongue to teeth: When the tongue is run back and forth over the teeth or lips.  This is a signal of stress as saliva production increases so does the need to move it around and swallow it.  The tongue on teeth also provides a soothing tactile stimuli aimed at reducing anxiety.

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Tells or Tell (a): A term borrowed from poker, a ‘tell’ is a nonverbal cue that gives a person away and uncovers their hidden thoughts and emotions.  It is an informal word used to replace “cue”, or “nonverbal body language.”

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Territory: The area around a person which they feel is their own and guard as such.  It includes our houses or apartments, our yards, automobiles, offices as well as the space that surrounds our immediate bodies.

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Territorial displays: Includes nonverbal cues that make the body appear larger.  Splaying the arms, legs and feet and puffing out the chest are a few examples of territorial displays.

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Territoriality:  A key part of humanity that describes how people use space to communicate ownership.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Testing ClosenessTesting closeness: A technique that is used to verify a desire for greater intimacy.  Rather then using the entire body which can cause a negative reaction, testing says that legs, arms, or objects should be used to make brief forays into someone else’s personal space to read their reaction.

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Thigh-thigh cross or thigh thigh leg cross: A more extreme version of the knee knee cross where the leg is drawn up further onto the leg.  It is extreme in so much as the legs are more tightly crossed.  It is rarely performed by men due to their anatomy but found in women due to their wider hips.

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Thin slice assessment: The ability of humans to make decisions in astonishingly small amounts of time with only small amounts of information often involving nonverbal information – whether accurate or not.  This phenomenon is why it takes so little time to assess people coding them into characters and leaving them there relatively immutable unless rigorously challenged.  This is what makes using good nonverbals important in everyday life.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Threat Displays 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Threat Displays 2Threat displays: Nonverbal signals designed to intimidate and predict aggression.  These include chest protrusion in men, making the body appear larger and more outstretched, fist pounding, fist clenching, raising the voice, erratic movements, and so forth.  These gestures form the prelude to physical violence.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Thumb Displays Or Thumbing 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Thumb Displays Or Thumbing 2 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Thumb Displays Or Thumbing 3 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Thumb Displays Or Thumbing 4 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Thumb Displays Or Thumbing 5Thumb displays or thumbing: We see this thumb displays normally by royalty and also by lawyers who are trying to seem noble and important.  The gesture happens by placing all but the thumbs in the front pockets of a vest, or suite jacket, or by knuckling the vest and leaving the thumbs out.  Thumbs-out is a representation of ego, dominance, assertiveness and sometimes even aggressiveness.  Denotes superiority.

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Thumb hiding: Placing the thumb of the same hand inside the clasped fingers, placing only the thumbs in a pants pocket with the remainder out are two ways thumbs can be hidden.  This indicates low status and low confidence.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Thumb In Hand GestureThumb in hand gesture: Done by placing the thumb against the index finger and where the remaining fingers form a ball.  The hand then motions as if pointing, and in a rhythmic motion, emphasize points with conviction.  The thumb in hand gestures is the “politicians gesture” since it is frequently used by various Presidents and world leaders and is a less offensive way to accomplish what would otherwise be left to finger pointing.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Thumbs UpThumbs up: Where the thumb is raised upward with the remaining fingers clenched together.  It indicates that all is well in North America and Europe, a sexual insult in parts of Africa, Australia, Southern Europe and the Middle East, the number 1 in Germany, and the number 5 in Japan.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Tibial Torsion Or Pigeon ToesTibial torsion or pigeon toes: Having the toes pointed inwards, often called pigeon toes or anatomically “tibial torsion” is a submissive body posture.  Children, and women who are smitten, will point their toes inwards to show their meekness signally their willingness to be lead by more dominant individuals.  Pigeon toes makes the body appear smaller forcing it into a less threatening profile.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - TicklingTickling: A play gesture done to make another person laugh and squirm.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Tie AdjustmentTie adjustment: A stereotypical male grooming cue indicating sexual interest.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Tight Lipped Smile With Low IntensityTight lipped smile with low intensity: In this smile the lips are stretched across the face toward the ears using the risorius muscle and no teeth are showing.  The low intensity smile has very little upward curl in the corner of the mouth and indicates a hidden attitude or thought, uncertainty, hesitation or lack of confidence.

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Tight lipped smile with high intensity:  A variation where the lips rise even further with some teeth showing and of which the lips are slightly separated, the corners of the mouth are upturned, gaze is steady and warm and the posture is relaxed.  We find this smile appearing when meeting new acquaintances and it is not a full honest smile, but does show openness to others.

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Timber: A characteristic of the voice that describes its quality or sound.  Timber is influenced by age and sex coupled with the physical dimensions of the oral and nasal cavity.  Children have higher voice qualities, as do women, especially compared to men, since their vocal tracts are about twenty centimeters shorter, and in relation, so too are their vocal cavities.  Timber is a separate quality from pitch as even signing highly such as sopranos and falsettistas sound different across sexes and age.  This is what makes timber an important nonverbal cue as it ties directly into hidden meanings perpetuated by the creator of the voice.  We expect masculine men to have a different timber than less masculine men and especially different than women and children.

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Toes pointed upward (while standing): Happens when a person shifts their weight to the back foot while raising the toe of the other foot.  It is a gravity defying form of body language indicating positive feelings.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Tongue DisplaysTongue displays: Nonverbal cues that provide cues to a person’s inner thoughts.  Lip licking, tongue protrusion and the tongue out the corner of the mouth all have specific meanings.

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Tongue protrusion or tongue out: An evolutionary throwaway gesture thought to have arisen as food rejection mechanism by infants sometimes indicating genuine focus on a task or deceit, agitation and unhappiness.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Tongue Jutting Or Tongue Jut 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Tongue Jutting Or Tongue Jut 2 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Tongue Jutting Or Tongue Jut 3Tongue jutting or tongue jut:  When the tongue is pushed through compressed lips.  It is used to signal a cheeky attitude when done amongst friends, but has a more sinister connotation in competitive situations since it indicates that a person has gotten away with something.  In this case, the tongue usually does not touch the lips.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Torso ShieldTorso shield: Placing the arms or other objects over the chest so as to protect it from perceived threat.  It indicates a difference of opinion.  Shields can be hidden and subtle such as playing with a cufflink or holding a drink across the body, or be more obvious like holding a full arm cross or hiding behind a bar top or the back of a chair.

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Torso splay: A dominance posture where the torso is seen laying back in a comfort position, the chest is puffed out, and the chest is opened or bared challenging an attack.  It indicates high comfort and that a person feels they are in charge.

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Touch reduction:  When people are at odds with someone else, or are lying, they tend to reduce the amount of touching they do to other people.

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Traffic cop (the):  The hands are placed palm up in a stop motion.  The speaker wishes the audience to settle or calm so they can continue.

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Transactional analysis theory:  Abbreviated TA, and developed by Eric Berne in the late 1950’s it is an integrated theory of how people function.  It uses three ego states to predict and explain behaviour which are the parent, adult and child.  It states that the most constructive position to hold is the adult rather than the parent or child.  The “adult” is able to rationally deal with emotions and difficulties without throwing tantrums like a “child” and without trying to control like a “parent.”  Unproductive or counterproductive interactions were said to be due to ego state problems rooting in our development.  The focus was on modifying behaviour to achieve desirable results rather then simply observing them.

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Truth bias:  A literature review shows that an average sixty-seven percent accuracy is found when detecting the truth, whereas forty-four percent is found while detecting deception.  People’s accuracy at detecting truths is usually higher than their accuracy at detecting lies!  This is what is called the truth bias.  Some possible explanations for the truth bias stem from the fact that in everyday encounters we usually deal with honest people.  While lying is pervasive, it doesn’t happen nearly as often as does lying.  Thus, we expect people to be telling the truth and are therefore better at detecting it.  Another possible reason for our inherent truth bias is because it would be detrimental to act suspiciously while speaking with others just in case they were telling the truth.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Turtling Or Turtle (the) Or Turtle Effect 2 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Turtling Or Turtle (the) Or Turtle Effect 1Turtling or turtle (the) or turtle effect: This posture happens as the head appears to be swallowed by the shoulders.  It is an evolutionary defensive strategy to protect the head and happens when people are uncomfortable, have low confidence about themselves or a topic, have insecurities, feel weak or powerless, ashamed, or are carrying any other negative emotion.

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Twiddling the thumbs: A subconscious gesture indicating boredom where the interlocked fingers support the task of thumbs circling one another.

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Twitching:  Sometimes referred as a nervous twitch, a sudden short burst of movement or flinch can be due to a variety of reasons.  Twitching can be due to sudden or sustained stress, but more often than not is due to a random firing of neurons, or underlying medial disease and therefore has no meaning at all.  When it is due to stress, it is likely person specific meaning they have a tendency to twitch when under stress.

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Two-inch-drop: A female hip to waist ratio of which the hips are two inches larger than the breast.  It is a “hippy” condition and found much more in European countries such as Britain.  In Germany and Switzerland it is 2.4 inches and Sweden and France it is 3.2 inches.

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Two-inch-rise: Opposite to the two-inch-rise, the breast is two inches larger than the hips.  This produces a “pin up model” condition.  In the usual condition it is the hips that are actually narrower and not the breast that is larger producing an illusion.

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Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

The Body Language Project is the result of a decade of personal research including a thorough review of over 60 primary scientific research journal articles. Learning body language forms the perfect foundation for success in ALL your communication.

If you are only picking up on what is being said, you are missing more than half of the message.

For more information on BodyLanguage be sure to check out: BodyLanguageProject.com and the Ebook – The Body Language Guide to Dating, Attraction and Sexual Body Language.

 

Non Verbal Body Language Dictionary ::P::

Did we forget a nonverbal term?  Suggest it in the comment box or e-mail it direct, and we’ll be ecstatic to add it!  With well over 500 terms, the BLP dictionary is growing to be the largest free nonverbal dictionary in the world!  Brought to you exclusively by The Body Language Project!  Visit our homepage for more free learning.

Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

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Pat (the): Done near the end of a hug when a person wishes to “submit” and break away – ending the hug.

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Patterning: A rapport building speech technique that involves mirroring the types of words used by another person within a category, meaning either, visual, auditory or kinesthetic.  For example, if your target used sentences like “I see that” implying they are a visual learner, one would pattern them by asking them “how does that look to you?” or “You’d really look good doing such and such.”

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Pacifier 2 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Pacifier 1Pacifier: A nonverbal cue that is done to produce calm such as stroking the hair, mouthing a pencil, smoking a cigarette, licking the lips, rubbing the chin, and so forth.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Pacify 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Pacify 2Pacifying or pacify or self-stimulating gestures: Gestures done specifically to sooth or calm underlying stress, anxiety and emotional discomfort, as a child would do by sucking on a pacifier.  They include sucking on a pen or finger, stroking the hair or arm, touching the neck, and any myriad of other person specific cue. By watching for pacifiers the nonverbalist can uncover sources of anxiety in real time as pacifiers follow closely with their originators.

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Pace: A speech related term referring the relative speed with which communication takes place.  The speed of speech tells us about the character of a person through nonverbal channel.  Those who speak quickly are thought to be of lower confidence, while those that speak too slowly – of lower intelligence.  Having “good pace” is when there is proper balance between quickness and slowness where confidence is conveyed.  Pace covers appropriate pausing, and rhythm.

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Pacing (a): A classic of anxiety and a form of energy displacement because it gives us something to do and burns extra calories and releases positive natural pain killers to create relaxation.

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Pacing (b): When two people match speech patterns exactly or nearly, we can this “pacing.”

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Pale face or Blanching: Terms used to describe a white appearance that is cast over the face during periods of high anxiety or illness.  When the body enters its flight or fight response, blood is diverted from the body’s periphery to its large muscle groups including the legs and arms.  This draws blood away from the face and neck to make them appear white.

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Pale skin or pale complexion: When the skin is very light due to lack of UV exposure.  This is due to having few outdoor activities and lacking vanity to use artificial tanning machines like tanning beds.  Other reasons include a health conscious attitude leading a person to protect the skin against harmful rays, a cold climate keeping a person indoors or when sun exposure is limited to geographic location.

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Palmar sweat glands: Sweat glands that are found in the grip lines in the palms that respond directly to stress rather than to an increase in temperature.  Interestingly, while sleeping and under relaxed conditions these glands are not activated, however as stress increases, palm sweating increases, so these provide a good indicator of stress.  If palms are bone dry, one is relaxed.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Palm Down DisplayPalm down: Palm down displays show emphatically that a position is held confidently.  Hands usually are palm down on a table when speaking on a topic or issue.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Palm Flash Or Palm Display Or Palm Up 2 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Palm Flash Or Palm Display Or Palm Up 3 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Palm Flash Or Palm Display Or Palm Up 1Palm flash or palm display or palm up:  In evolutionary terms, the palm display is an important gesture signifying honesty because it is a way to make evident to others that no threat or weapon is present (such as spear, sword or bow and arrow). Palm flashes are essentially what would have happened thousands of years ago when two foreign tribes met.  Palm and wrist displays have also been noted to be sexual in nature and more frequently flashed by women during courtship likely because it is such a vulnerable part of the body.

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Palm down handshake: A palm orientation where it faces downward and is dominant in nature.

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Palm up handshake: Where the palm is oriented to face upward meant to show submissiveness.

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Palm even handshake: Where the palms of both handshakers are perfectly vertical (neither up, nor down) indicating an egalitarian relationship.

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Palm finger stroke: A gestures that happens by stroking the inside of the palm with the fingers.  Palm finger stroking is due to doubt or mild confidence issues.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Palm PowerPalm power: The harnessed ability to convey diverse meaning with use of the palms alone.  Palm-up, palm-down and palm even all represent different things, from authority to submission.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Pan Faced Or Stone FacedPan faced or stone faced: A term with similar meaning as “poker face” that describes a face devoid of emotional expression.

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Panhandler’s approach (the):  Making eye contact is a way to personify other people and by the same measure, avoiding eye contact makes people insignificant.  This is why eye contact is avoided between masters and their servants, bosses and certain employees, and regular citizens and panhandlers.  It says “I don’t recognize your existence.”

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Parade: Women emphasize their hips with a walk called the “parade” which happens when a woman walks with exaggerated swinging or rolling of the hips, back arched, stomach flat, breasts protruding, and head held high.  Studies show us that women out of committed relationship naturally walk in this manner to attract attention.

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Paralanguage or paralinguistic sounds or paralingual: Those elements of speech that are “para” (beside) the words which are spoken such as pitch, tone of voice, rate of speech, intensity or emphasis and volume.  These all convey additional meaning that is on top of the meaning conveyed by words.  Tone of voice can convey emotions, personality can come through voice quality and speech errors can provide indications of mood.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Parallel LegsParallel legs:  Happens when the legs are crossed one leg over the knee, but with the legs pressed together.  One leg pressed against the other makes the legs sexier and more youthful in appearance.  The legs parallel is a sign of femininity because men aren’t able to perform this posture.

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Paraverbal and verbal cues in deception: At times verbal and paraverbal cues betray the liar and these are cues tied directly to the words in which they speak.  Although they fall outside the realm of body language at large, they do define cues associated with deception.  They include vocal tension, hectic speech, faltering speech, expressing self doubt, negative complaints or statements, defensiveness or aggressiveness, changes in pitch (high low or monotone), shaky or soft voice, stuttering, false starts, silent pauses, filled pauses, delayed response, appearing to be thinking, admitted lack of memory, tentative construction of sentences, , improper structure or grammar, implausible story, inconsistent story, superfluous details, clearing the throat and spontaneous corrections.

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Parted lips: A sexual attraction signal done by women.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Partial Arm Cross 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Partial Arm Cross 2 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Partial Arm Cross 3Partial arm cross: Includes holding the opposite elbow in the hand, with that hand dropped to the side.  It can also happen by reaching across to grab the opposite shoulder.  Both postures form a barrier across the core of the body and signals to others that they don’t wish others to come close.

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Passive listening: The opposite of active listening where a person does not reflects on what is being said and lacks nonverbal indicators.  A passive listener holds poor or no eye contact, is sometimes unblinking as if glazed over, orients away from the speaker with their torso despite facing them, and fails to nod their head at all or nods inappropriately.

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Pat on the behind: A sexual, but sometimes friendly slap done to the rear end.  When done by men on women it usually takes on a sexual meaning, but sports athletes commonly use the gesture to build comradery.

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Patting: A reassurance gesture done by repeatedly and rhythmically applying the hand to the back, head, thigh or other.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - PeacockingPeacocking: A term used by the pick-up artist community that describes the dress or fashion designed specifically to attract attention from women and initiate conversations.  It usually involves wearing something unique, sometimes ridiculous, such as an interesting hat, or something flashy like a glowing necklace.  Peacocking also describes a state of mind that is willing to stand up to pressures from outside forces stemming from other alpha males who might try to put the pick-up artist off with his unique attire.

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Pease, Allan: An Australian author and motivational speaker who has studied for almost four decades in the field of body language.  His book “The definitive book of body language” is a multi-million seller.  Pease began life as a musician, who later moved on to life insurance sales before embarking on a career in training and education.  Allan Pease’s original book “Body language” brought him international recognition inspiring him to co-write “Why men don’t listen and women can’t read maps”, “Why men don’t have a clue and women always need more shoes”, “Why men want sex and women need love”, “Easy Peasey: people skills for life” with the help of his wife Barbara Pease.

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Peering over glasses or looking over glasses: A disdain, contempt, haughty and judgmental attitude is felt by the bearer of this posture.  Sometimes the head is lowered and the eyes peer over top of the glasses, other times the glasses are pulled down the bridge of the nose in accompaniment with a glare.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Pecking Forward 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Pecking Forward 2Pecking forward: A term stemming from the PUA (pick up artist) community that describes men who, in dating situations, tend to lean forward to appease women they are attempting to attract.  It makes men appear needy rather than dominant and instead of showing interest, shows that men aren’t chase worthy in the eyes of women.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Peek-a-boo GamePeek-a-boo game: An adult game where eyes are hidden from view with objects such as menus, drinking glasses, and even other people.  It is often sexual in nature where the absence of the eyes is made better with their resurgence.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Penis Sheath, Koteka, Horim, Or Penis GourdPenis sheath, koteka, horim, or penis gourd: It is an ornamental phallic object (a dried gourd) worn over the penis by native males in New Guinea.  The penis sheath is significant as nonverbal cue because it shows the ubiquity of male genital displays.  Western men will draw attention through finger pointing by placing fingers in belt loops and aiming them downward toward the penis, or by spreading the legs while sitting.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Pensive Displays 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Pensive Displays 2Pensive displays: Gestures that indicate thought is occurring such as fingers stroking the chin, cheek stroking, taping a pen against the chin and temple rubbing.

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Perception: The ability to see and read another person’s body language coupled with the ability to translate it to accurate and useful descriptors that help decipher otherwise hidden intentions, emotions and thought patterns.  A person is perceptive when they see an entire person by summing up all of its silent communication and when they are able to spot contradictions between spoken words and their body language.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Personal Space 2 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Personal Space 1Personal space: Generally there are four common distances by which people interact.  They are intimate distances which includes is about 18 inches or less, personal distance from 18 inches to 5 feet, social distance which is from 5 to 10 feet and public distance which is from 10 feet to 25 feet.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Personal Space ThreatsPersonal space threats: Encroachment upon the boundaries of a person causing a visceral fight or flight response.

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Personal space zone: A distance of interaction that is from 18 inches to about 5 feet which we use to communicate to friends and those we trust or have a history with.  All others are denied access.  Our personal space has been referred to as a “bubble”, since it encircles us, but it more closely resembles a cylinder.  Personal space zones vary from culture to culture.

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Personalities:  A dynamic and organized set of characteristics held by a person that influences their motivation, cognition and body language.  The word “personality” has origins in the Latin “persona” meaning mask.  Personality plays an important role in the body language that typifies individuals.  It is these signals that make everyone unique and predictable.

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Persuasive appeal: Described by Aristotle in On Rhetoric as Ethos, who addresses persuasive appeal based on character and the qualities that make him credible, Pathos who appeals to emotion and Logos who addresses the logic behind given arguments.  The nonverbalist requires all three elements to appeal to those around him.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Phallic Displays Or Crotch Displays Or Genital Presentation Or Genital DisplaysPhallic displays or crotch displays or genital presentation or genital displays: Gestures which flaunt the genitals and draw emphasis toward them.  Framing the genitals with the hands or fingers by placing the thumbs in a belt look and aiming the fingers downward is a sexual display of dominance.  Other times, the legs can be spread wide open while seated or standing to draw attention to the midsection.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Phallic Mimicry Or Phallic Symbols Or Phallus 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Phallic Mimicry Or Phallic Symbols Or Phallus 2Phallic mimicry or phallic symbols or phallus: Referring to objects appearing like a penis and meant to replace them commonly called phallic symbols.  In nonverbal communication phallic symbols that imitate the male sexual organ are incorporated in attraction by females to create interest.  For example, stroking the stem of a whine glass, patting the fingers to the mouth, eating a banana with enthusiasm, or mouthing a pen or cigarette shows sexual intention and desire.

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Pheromones: Chemicals emitted by the body of a unique signature usually associated with sexual attraction.  Women and men emit these scents naturally through the various parts of their body to peek the interest of the opposite sex.

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Physical appearance:  The nonverbal signals that are tied directly to the physic of a person such as their body shape and size, height, facial shape, attractiveness, eyebrows, hair and hair colour, hairiness, skin pigmentation or blemishes and so forth.  Immutable physical attributes carry many stereotypical implications which influence the perceptions of other people and are particularly important when forming first impressions.  Physical appearance liking or disliking is also culturally influenced and variable across generations.

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Physiognomy: A concept whereby facial features, expressions and their outer appearance are thought to indicate a person’s character, personality, nature as well as their ethnic origin.  The word physiognomy is from Greek “physis” meaning “nature” and “gnomon” meaning “judge” or “interpreter.”  Recent research has linked traits such as trustworthiness, social dominance and aggression to levels of testosterone during development signifying an underlying biological origin.  Physiognomy says that aggressive people have wider, more angular faces, whereas nice people have rounder and less sharp faces.

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Pick-up artist: A man (usually) or women who is committed to attracting and seducing members of the opposite sex through specific tailored methods.  The culture is highly technical and loosely connected through a community.  The PUA is learned in sociology, biology, zoology, evolution and psychology.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Pigeon ToesPigeon toes: Having the toes pointed inwards, often called pigeon toes or anatomically “tibial torsion” shows meek body language.  Children and women who are smitten will point their toes inwards.  It signals that they are willing to follow more dominant individuals.  It is reminiscent of making the body appear smaller and less threatening.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Pinching The Bridge Of NosePinching the bridge of nose: An evaluative gesture.  Indicates deep thought or a negative emotion.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Pinocchio EffectPinocchio effect: Derived from the popular fairytale about the boy who’s nose grew when he told lies, the Pinocchio effect has roots in biology that says that a person’s nose actually does increase blood flow during high stress, anxiety or during lying and so it “grows” and swells.  This increase in blood flow produces a sensation which creates a desire in a person to touch or scratch their nose giving them away.

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Pitch: Pitch is a voice quality describing the number of vibrations emitted from the vocal cords in a unit of time.  The greater the vibrations, the higher the pitch, and therefore the higher the note achieved.  The rate of vibration is in turn controlled by the length and thickness of the vocal cords and how they are contracted or relaxed.  In most cases, men’s voices are of lower pitch than women’s, but even men can tighten their vocal cords enough to achieve comparable pitch so is therefore partly under conscious control.  The highness and lowness of natural voices is affected by the body chemical androgen which is the male sex hormone.  The same hormone is tied to physical prowess and aggressiveness and also loosely tied to a competitor’s health and vigor making a low voice attractive to females when it is found in men.  To the nonverbal world, meaning is conveyed through pitch as when emotions run high the voice can raise such as when screaming, and be lowered when trying to sound authoritarian.  Pitch also tells us what kind of person we are dealing with, be they subordinate with higher pitch or dominant with lower pitch.  When authority is concerned a lower pitch is preferred to a high pitch.  A high pitch says ineffective no matter how capable the person.  A low pitch can also signal depression and weariness.

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Pituitary gland: The pituitary gland or hypophysis is structure about the size of a pea weighing only 0.02 ounces located at the base of the brain.  It is an endocrine gland which is under the direct control of the hypothalamus.  The pituitary gland produces many hormones but the most important in body language is oxytocin and endorphins which are released to produce a calming effect and reduce pain.  Various patterns of nonverbal behaviour can be seen in accompaniment with the desire to release calming hormones or lack thereof.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Planes Of The Eyes 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Planes Of The Eyes 2Planes of the eyes: A body language technique to built trust and equality or the exact oppose where the eyes are kept at the same level as someone else or raised higher.  If a person is sitting or standing, then body lowering or rising is used to maintain or not maintain even planes.  When equality is sought, eyes are kept level, when dominance is desired, eyes are kept higher and when subordination is desired, eyes are lowered.

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Poker face or block face:  This is a term originating from the card game which describes a face that shows no expression or emotion.  Block face is another word with the same meaning, in this case, it relates the face to an expressionless object.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Pointing 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Pointing 2Pointing:  The pointer is akin to a spear thrower.  Every time they thrusts their finger forward, it is as if they are jabbing their ideas into their audience.  We see this most often during aggressive verbal fights where the accuser is making strong personal attacks against the other.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Pointing KneePointing knee: A sitting posture whereby the leg is tucked under and sat on.  It indicates high comfort because it prohibits a quick escape.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Pointing Toes 2 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Pointing Toes 1Pointing toes: An intention indicator.  The toes point in the direction the mind wants to “travel.”

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Polygraph or lie detector machine: A machines that reads changes in heart rate, blood pressure and increases in perspiration or respiration in order to detect deception.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Polite SmilePolite smile: Used with people we only know in passing or not at all.  The teeth are shown and the lips are curved upward modestly.

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Position of invisibility: The chairs found alongside the wall in a boardroom setting.  These are the second-tier chairs and ones in which no participation is required at all.

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Position of neutrality or seating position of neutrality or neutral sitting position: The seating positions located on either side of the stardust chairs (which flank the head seating position).  This seating position is commonly overlooked and is rarely expected to participate in the conversation since they are surrounded by alphas who are seeking attention.

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Position of secondary influence: The seating position which falls dead center of the table immediately after the position of neutrality.  This is a position which lends to active participation since it is easier to cast eyes on the middle yet not as powerful as the stardust chairs.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Postural Tonus 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Postural Tonus 2Postural tonus: A term referring to the relative rigidity and erectness of the body and its overall posture.  A “slopper” holds his shoulders rounded and head hanging downward proving to be depressed, drowsy or ill whereas “the scout” carries himself fully erect with shoulders back and head held high depicting confidence and good spirit.

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Postural patterns: Define the movement and positioning of the body such as closed or open body positions, rigid or loose torso, rounded shoulders or upright and so forth.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - PosturePosture:  A term derived from the Latin verb “ponere” meaning “to put in place” and refers to the way the body is held including the arms, legs and spine.  Posture refers not only to the erectness of our bodies, but also to our body orientation, direction of lean, and the degree to which our bodies are open and inviting. Good posture happens when the joints are not bent, the spine is aligned and not twisted and the person is able to optimally balance the mass of the body over its framework without stress.  Posture tells us a lot about a person and their history and feelings about themselves and how they feel about others.  For example, shoulders hunched carries negative sentiments whereas shoulders back mean confidence.  Posture can give way to feelings of like or dislike, interest or disinterest as well as many other sentiments.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - PoutingPouting: A facial gesture done by pressing the lips together and pushing them forward and crunching the eyebrows downward and inward as if in grief.  This gesture is usually done by small children or by adults resorting to juvenile characteristics trying to secure affection, privilege, resource, or reward of some kind from another person.  The gesture signifies a negative emotion due to the grief element of the puckered lips and scrunched eyebrows.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Pouting Lips Or PuckeringPouting lips or puckering: A desire to be kissed when done by women in dating situations.  Sometimes occurs only very slightly or barely perceivable.

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Power dressing: A term originating with the feminist movement as women began to enter to workforce.  With it came padded shoulders, male-type attire such as dark business suites.  Eventually power dressing turned more feminine with elaborate colours and styles, and then only briefly more sexual attire such as short skirts.  Power dressing today is more of a universal term for men and women who wish to rise in the ranks by looking stylish.

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Power player (the) (a): One of three types in business.  They are someone that arrive slightly late, spends most of their time with other leaders, interrupts others more often, and will try to sit where they can influence the most people possible.

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Power player (the) (b): A person who is usually versed in nonverbal communication or else one who is proficient at using it so as to gain the advantage and manipulate people subconsciously into serving their needs.

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Power plays: Nonverbal communication that takes advantage of the channel so as to yield desirable results in a zero-sum game.  Zero-sum refers to only one (or several) winners and one (or several losers), but of which there is no mutual benefit between those interacting.  Using height differences to control, using touch to manipulate, using smiles to gain favours and flirting to gain access to resources are all nonverbal power plays.

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Power lift (the): A technique used to control the eyes of another person usually in a business situation.  It is done by using a pen to point toward information of interest then lifting the pen and holding it in between your eyes and their eyes to creates a magnetic effect.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Power SittingPower sitting: Most dominant sitting position are ineffective for women because it inadvertently increases their sexuality (leg spreading – crotch display, full body steeple).  One way they can reverse it is by power sitting.  It is done by sitting with the legs crossed, leg over knee and point the heel horizontally at someone they wish to intimidate.

The heel acts like a dagger against its prey – it emasculates men.

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Power stare (the): A technique that builds strength by using an unblinking eye while maintaining eye contact followed by narrowed eyelids and increased focus.  Eyes can also be moved from one person to another without blinking for added effect – usually done by first moving the eyes, then following with the head.  When done correctly, the power stare recreates a predator-prey relationship causing emotional discomfort.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Power TiePower tie: A term referring to a particularly fashionable necktie that brings with it confidence and the ability to close deals.

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Power venting: Dramatic and sometimes violent outburst of nonverbal behavior stemming from anger and frustration.  They include temper tantrums, throwing things, passive aggression, punching walls, storming off, crying, and other forms of drama.

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Practical dresser or practical fashion: A type of style which is more focused on functionality and utility instead of extravagance.  People who wear practical attire are at ease with themselves, are not self-centered, are willing to go against the grain so as to feel comfortable in their clothing, and are frugal.

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Prance (the): A playful gait which is peppered with unnecessary leaps and bounces.

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Pregnant pause (the): A sudden cessation of free-flowing conversation.  It usually accompanies a provocative or threatening topic.  The pregnant pause signifies that a person has been taken off-guard or has been derailed and is taking some time to collect his or her thoughts.  The pause is due to a fear reaction from a “deer in the headlights.”  Brief pauses mean something different and can signify anger, frustration, or disgust as a person takes a moment to cool off before speaking.

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Pressing the flesh:  Descriptive term given to intimate handshakes which are usually reserved for politicians.

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Pretend fear or sadness: A facial expression where there is no accompanying forehead movement.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Primary Emotions Anger BodyLanguageProjectCom - Primary Emotions Disgust BodyLanguageProjectCom - Primary Emotions Happiness BodyLanguageProjectCom - Primary Emotions SadnessPrimary emotions:  First identified by naturalist Charles Darwin which include the six main universal facial expressions and their root causes – happiness, sadness, disgust, anger, fear, surprise.

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Professional touching: Touching in a business setting including shaking hands with a client, a dentist working on your teeth or a doctor checking for discomfort.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Prolonged Eye ContactProlonged eye contact: When eye contact continues for longer than normal.  This extended eye contact can be due to sexual interest, hostility, aggression or defensiveness.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Protective Reflexes 1 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Protective Reflexes 2Protective reflexes: Instinctive movements of the body which guard vulnerable areas such as the head, neck, groin and ventral side.  Protective reflexes includes crossing the arms and legs to protect the heart and lungs and the genitals from attack, or turning the body away and head down.  Protective reflexes often arise due to emotional threat rather than physical threat which is unexpected indicating that these movements are evolutionary throwaways to a time when physical harm was much more common than it is today.

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Proxemics: The study of how people use space.  First introduced by anthropologist Edward T. Hall in the 1960’ to describe the implications distances play between people as they interact.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - ProximityProximity: An important aspect of nonverbal communication that indicates liking and agreement.  When agreement is formed, people will move closer to one another by leaning forward or extending body parts such as feet and hands.  When disagreement is present, the reverse will happen, arms will be drawn inward and people will tend to step away.  One of the key elements of dating, is increased proximity.

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Provine, Robert: Born in 1943, Dr. Provine is a professor of psychology at the University of Maryland Baltimore County who has published over fifty research papers within developmental neuroscience and neural mechanisms of behaviour over a span of thirty years.  He is the foremost researcher of laughter with other focus on the development, evolution and neural mechanisms of behavior.  He uses human social behaviour in an interdisciplinary method to understand the development and evolution of the nervous system as well as human social behaviour.  Recent studies have focused on nonverbal aspects such as laughter, yawning, tickling, and behavioral contagion.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Pseudo-Infantile GesturesPseudo-infantile gestures:  Nonverbal signals stemming from childhood that create submission and produce sympathy, compassion, attention and avoid attack. Ducking or bowing the head, cowering, rolling the shoulders and slumping are a few examples.

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Psychology: Is a realm of study that looks at human and animal behaviour related to mental functions such as neurology and physiology.  Psychologists study topics such as perception, cognition, emotion, motivation, personality and interpersonal relationships through various studies that examine cause and effect, versus correlational relationships.  They look at family, employment, education and treatment of mental health issues.  Body language fits into psychology by tying human behaviour with underlying motivation and emotions.  Body language plays an important factor in interpersonal relationships and psychologists tackle these issues.

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Public space zone: A distance of 12 feet or greater which we use when addressing a large crowd as is the case when presenting or performing.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Pulling PunchesPulling punches: A playful fighting gesture where false punches are applied to another person to strengthen bonds.

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Pupil dilation or papillary constriction: Pupil dilation is an aspect of nonverbal communication which outlines when arousal is taking place. Under stress or arousal of any kind, be it liking or visceral disliking, the pupils expand so as to allow more light in.  This can include stress and fear due to lying, any other fearful situation and even attraction.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - PupillometricsPupillometrics:  The study of pupil size in relation to emotion such as liking, interest, fear and dislike.

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Putdown humour: Putdown humour is any humour that derives amusement at the expense of others.  It can be demeaning jokes, teasing, sarcasm or even a self-deprecating remark.  Laughter at the expense of others and their misfortunes can create togetherness and solidarity.

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Puts, David: An anthropologist at Penn State University.  Dr. Puts studies the neuroendocrine and evolutionary bases of human behavior, with special focus on the development and evolution of behavioral sex differences.  Puts studies how sex hormones affect psychology, behaviour, effects of menstrual cycle-related changes in ovarian hormones, as well as sexual selection and the evolution of sexual dimorphism, including the evolution sex differences in voices, faces, bodies, brains, and behavior.  Throughout his studies, he looks at nonverbal channels of communication and has published several journal articles on the topic.

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Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

The Body Language Project is the result of a decade of personal research including a thorough review of over 60 primary scientific research journal articles. Learning body language forms the perfect foundation for success in ALL your communication.

If you are only picking up on what is being said, you are missing more than half of the message.

For more information on BodyLanguage be sure to check out: BodyLanguageProject.com and the Ebook – The Body Language Guide to Dating, Attraction and Sexual Body Language.

 

Non Verbal Body Language Dictionary ::O::

Did we forget a nonverbal term?  Suggest it in the comment box or e-mail it direct, and we’ll be ecstatic to add it!  With well over 500 terms, the BLP dictionary is growing to be the largest free nonverbal dictionary in the world!  Brought to you exclusively by The Body Language Project!  Visit our homepage for more free learning.

Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Oblique Eyebrows Of GriefOblique eyebrows of grief: In this facial expression the eyebrows are pulled upward more so than the otter ends.

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Observation: Observation in body language reading implies that one actively watches the entire disposition of a person from their head to their toes including all their verbal and paraverbal cues.  There is a big disparity between just seeing something and actively evaluating what is being seen and this is what separates an average body language reader, from an expert.

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Oddball handshake:  A handshake that often includes bumps, slaps, flicks and clicks.  Meant to display a relaxed casual atmosphere and has its place to forming intimate friendships and bonds.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Offensive GesturesOffensive gestures: Culturally specific gestures that produce negative feelings in others such as the middle finger in the West and the okay signal in Europe.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Offered 2 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Offered 3Offered (the):  The hands are palm up as if giving a gift.  This is a beggar’s plea where agreement is desperately sought from the audience.

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Office artifacts or office props:  Office artifacts include any objects that take up space in the place of work.  They can be used to display status such as the use of trophies, plaques, certificates or interests such as model cars, sports memorabilia or pictures hung on walls such a nature or fishing adventures.  Lawyers are usually portrayed in front of a large library of books which is a nonverbal signal of the mountain of knowledge that “backs them.”

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - OK Gesture“OK” gesture:  Done by placing the thumb against the index finger forming an opening with the remaining fingers flared out.  It is considered more thought provoking and honest when compared to finger pointing because it place emphasis onto the speech rather than the listeners.  In Belgium and France however, it means that something is worthless, in Tunisia, Sicily and Southern Italy is an insult, and in Japan that they wish their change returned in coins.

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Ok personality:  People that are psychologically comfortable with who they are.  They usually have upright posture, with shoulders firm and square, head raised and their body is balanced.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Olfactory ProcessingOlfactory processing:  A secondary way of processing information like visual and auditory except the primary means involves the sense of smell.  It falls out of the normal realm with which people process information they receive but is occasionally referred to as a vestige.  People will use terms such as the following when they refer to their olfaction: This deal stinks.  Something smells wrong here.  Did you get a whiff of that?  This is fresh.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Once Over (the)Once over (the): A sexual or competitive eye pattern that follows the body over its entire form from the toes to the top of the head stopping at the buttocks, breasts and face, typically performed by men.  Women are rarely caught looking men over due to their superior peripheral vision.  Men have hunter eyes and focus intently on smaller areas.  When it signals competitiveness it is usually done by women onto other women looking for a “cat fight.”

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Open Body Language Or OpennessOpen body language or openness:  Any and all body language that shows that a person is ready to communicate and accept ideas from others.  It happens when no part of the body covers the midway-point of the bisected body.  The arms and legs are not crossed and the palms are up. Even clothing might be relaxed such as shirt collars being unbuttoned, the pants might hang loose and certain articles like jackets might be removed.  Other signals of openness includes increased proximity, prolonged eye contact, warm and relaxed smile, intimate greetings such as hugs and cheek kissing.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Opposite Body LanguageOpposite body language: A pick-up technique where men play hard-to-get by displaying teasing nonverbal cues or even outright disinterest.  The object of opposite body language is to appear “chase worthy” in the eyes of women by appearing to be superior to them and avoid appearing “needy.”

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Oral Displacement Activities 2 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Oral Displacement Activities 1Oral displacement activities: An unconscious gesture aimed at self soothing by using parts of the body such as fingers or hair, or inanimate objects like pens by mouthing them.  Scientists have speculated that it is a developmental throwback when we would suckle as infants.  Oral displacement can include biting finger nails, sucking pencils, mouthing the stems of the glasses or passing hair through the mouth.  Smokers can also be said to have oral displacement fixation where they habitually place objects in their mouth to sooth.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Orbicularis Oculi Muscles 2 BodyLanguageProjectCom - Orbicularis Oculi Muscles 1Orbicularis oculi muscles:  One of two muscles that produce smiling.  These muscles serve to pull the eyes back to produce the honest smile through what is called “smiling eyes”.  Smiling eyes, also called “crow’s feet”, where a classic wrinkling appears in the corner of the eyes is an indication of true happiness.

Oscar Pfungst: Psychologist who uncovered that the skills under which Hans the horse was able to perform simple math had nothing to do with his intelligence, but rather his ability to read body language.  He noticed that there were differences in breathing, posture and facial expressions as Hans tapped out his answer.  As Hans neared to correct answer, the handlers would increase the tension they held in their body language which would tip off Hans.  Once the final tap had been made, the tension suddenly disappeared from the person and so Hans took this cue to mean it was time to stop tapping.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Orienting Reflex Or Orienting ResponseOrienting reflex or orienting response (a): The phenomenon whereby people turn and move toward stimuli or people they are attracted to, or agree with, rather than away from them such as those we fear or disagree with. (b) The instinctive survival instinct whereby a person orients toward movement.  As it applies to nonverbal communication, the orientation reflex controls distractions in business, to maintaining the attention of children with toys, and even to the freeze response where people stop moving in order to put themselves under the radar.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Ownership GesturesOwnership gestures: Body language that indicates that a person is in control of something.  Ownership gestures are usually performed on objects, but can also be done to people.  Propping the feet up on a desk or car bumper or wrapping an arm around a lover or child, are ways to show who they belong to.

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Oxytocin: A natural chemical released by the body due to touching that helps create bonding between people especially in women.  In men, sex is the primary releaser of oxytocin which surges up to fives times that of normal just before reaching orgasm.  Oxytocin serves to eliminate internal tensions, reduce anxiety, creates feelings of contentment, calmness and trust, and provides reassurance.  The hormone is partially responsible for pacifying behaviours that include self touching.

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Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

The Body Language Project is the result of a decade of personal research including a thorough review of over 60 primary scientific research journal articles. Learning body language forms the perfect foundation for success in ALL your communication.

If you are only picking up on what is being said, you are missing more than half of the message.

For more information on Body Language be sure to check out: BodyLanguageProject.com and the Ebook – The Body Language Guide to Dating, Attraction and Sexual Body Language.

 

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