Tag Archive for Research Journal Articles

Non Verbal Body Language Dictionary ::G::

Did we forget a nonverbal term?  Suggest it in the comment box or e-mail it direct, and we’ll be ecstatic to add it!  With well over 500 terms, the BLP dictionary is growing to be the largest free nonverbal dictionary in the world!  Brought to you exclusively by The Body Language Project!  Visit our homepage for more free learning.

Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.
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Gait or bipedal gait: Refers to the style or mechanics of locomotion in humans and animals.  Scientists have identified thirty six different types of gait in the human species.  They include the hobble, the mince, the glide, the bounce, the stride, the wiggle, the dart, the prance and the run.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Gazing Adoringly 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Gazing Adoringly 2Gazing adoringly: An eye pattern that stems from infatuation and deep love and affection that lacks any negative emotion whatsoever.  The eyes and eyelids relax and move freely from each eye to the mouth and lips, with brief glances to the rest of the face including hair and ears.  Gazing adoringly happens during courtship between couples and between mothers and their newborn infants as they bond to each other.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Gaze Avoidance Or Averting EyesGaze avoidance or averting eyes: When a person purposely prevents or avoids eye contact, either to show disinterest, to scorn, or to show a difference of opinion or even submission.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - GazingGazing: A gaze is an inviting display of warmth where positive emotions are attached to the face making it appear softer.  Opposite to the gaze is the stare which acts like daggers shooting invisible arrows into the face of another.  Eye gaze reveals cues to interest, attention, affiliation, intimacy, approval, dominance, aggression and openness to personal involvement.

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Gaze omission: Defined as a failure to look at someone without intending to (rather than avoidance).

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Gravity defying body language: Body language that is a measures a person’s exuberance and demonstrates that they feel happy.  It includes raising the arms, having a bounce in the step, swinging hands while walking, having an upright posture and so forth.  When sports players score a goal, they celebrate by expending energy that seems to be in no short supply by flinging their arms in the air.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Genital Framing 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Genital Framing 3BodyLanguageProjectCom - Genital Framing 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Genital Framing 4Genital framing: A posture where the hands and fingers draw attention to the genitals.  Men can genital frame by placing their thumbs in belt loops and aiming the fingers toward their penis and women can place their hands on their hips aiming the fingers in the same direction.

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Genuine emotions: These are facial expressions that usually only last a fleeting moment, only to quickly disappear.  Facial expressions that last too long and are poorly timed with events are usually insincere.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Gesticulation 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Gesticulation 2Gesticulation: The use of the hands to add colour and meaning to language.  Gesticulation includes movements of the hands such as hitting motions, cutting, begging and so forth.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Gestures Or GestureGestures or gesture: A form of nonverbal communication or body language that produces specific messages and meaning.  They include movements of the hands, face, and body, but do not include other facets of body language such as proxemics, facial expressions and postures, which are ways in which the body holds itself to display meaning.  Gestures include emblems, that are used to replace specific words in speech, and illustrators which are used to colour language, in addition to sign language which is an entire set of body movements used to replace verbal speech altogether.

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Glide (the): An elegant gait type characterized by short but deliberate movements of the feet.

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Greeting gestures: These includes motions designed to greet others and are different across cultures.  They include handshaking, bowing, waving, full salaam, namaste, cheek kissing, hugging, hand kissing and so forth.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Greetings 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Greetings 2Greetings: These include gestures aimed at welcoming someone after a separation or done upon meeting someone for the first time.  They include waves, handshakes, hugs, salutes, bows, curtseys, and so forth and are culturally specific.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Grief MuscleGrief muscle: The French call the area between the brows, the “grief muscle” and is activated to pull the eyebrows together to express both pain, as well as when you wish to inflict it.  This muscle is sometimes flashed across the face as a microexpression.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Grief Or SorrowGrief or sorrow: A general lose of positive energy which tends to override other emotions.  Signs of grief include tears, listlessness, inability to complete common tasks, isolation, apathy, downcast eyes, relaxed facial muscles, slumped body, motionless or slow movement.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Grin Or SmirkGrin or smirk:  This smile indicates smugness and arrogance.  It is a tight lipped smile with the addition of a degree self satisfaction for good measure.  The smirk has accompanying dominant body language such as head back, shoulders back, open postures along with dialogue riddle with exuberant pride.

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Grinder, John, T.: Graduate of the University of San Francisco in the early 1960’s and bests known for his work in neuro-linguistic programming (NLP) with Richard Bandler.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Grooming And Preening 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Grooming And Preening 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Grooming And Preening 4Grooming and preening:  These have two unrelated message in body language.  One meaning says that a person is keeping their bodies clean and presentable to show the world that they are in good mental health since it is one of the first characteristics that becomes lax when disease sets in.  Preening can also be used to show detachment from conversations through eye contact avoidance and attention displacement which is the case when eyes avoid contact with another in order to remove imaginary lint.

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Group dynamics: The study of how people interact in clusters drawing on fields such as psychology, sociology and communication studies including nonverbal body language.  When nonverbalist examine people in groups, a complex array of body language occurs of which is not present in dyadic situations.  When looking at groups it is possible to determine hierarchy, social status, friendliness or lack thereof, attraction and repulsion, amongst many others.

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Guiding body language: Using a hand to lightly push on another person’s back to move them in a desirable position, pulling someone in when shaking hands, using a finger to beckon someone closer, or using alluring eye contact are all ways to influence people to move in ways desirable.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Guillaume DuchenneGuillaume Duchenne: French researcher Guillaume Duchenne was first to research smiles using electrodiagnostics and electrical stimulation to distinguish between real and fake smiles.  The honest smile has also been named after him; the “Duchenne smile.”

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Guilty knowledge 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Guilty knowledge 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Guilty knowledge 3Guilty knowledge: Nonverbal body language that shows discomfort such as hand wringing, foot and hand withdrawal, pacifying behaviours, leaning away, stiff postures and movements, unsmiling lips, furtive looking about, restlessness and tension due to the stress associated with lying.

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Gustatory processing: A secondary way of processing information like visual and auditory except the primary means involves the sense of taste.  It falls out of the normal realm with which people process information they receive but is occasionally referred to as a vestige.  People will use terms such as the following when they refer to their gustatory sense: This just rolls off the tongue.  This deal is sweet like candy.  Don’t be so bitter.  What a juicy story.

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Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

The Body Language Project is the result of a decade of personal research including a thorough review of over 60 primary scientific research journal articles. Learning body language forms the perfect foundation for success in ALL your communication.

If you are only picking up on what is being said, you are missing more than half of the message.

For more information on BodyLanguage be sure to check out: BodyLanguageProject.com and the Ebook – The Body Language Guide to Dating, Attraction and Sexual Body Language.

Non Verbal Body Language Dictionary ::D::

Did we forget a nonverbal term?  Suggest it in the comment box or e-mail it direct, and we’ll be ecstatic to add it!  With well over 500 terms, the BLP dictionary is growing to be the largest free nonverbal dictionary in the world!  Brought to you exclusively by The Body Language Project!  Visit our homepage for more free learning.

Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

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Dart (the): A type of gait characterized by short, yet indecisive burst.  It signifies indecision and lack of direction.

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Darwin, Charles R.: Born 1882, Darwin was an English naturalist who proposed the mechanism of natural selection within the theory of evolution.  It stated that all species of life descended from a common ancestor through decent with modification.  He explained his findings in his 1859 book “On the origins of species.”  In 1872 he published a book titled “The Expression of the emotions in man and animals” that discussed how animals and humans express their instinctive behaviours.  In his book, he covers how man and animals both express similar states of mind by the same movements.  Darwin covered “low spirits” such as anxiety, grief, dejection and despair, “high spirits” such as joy, love, tender feelings and devotion, along with hatred, anger, disdain, contempt, disgust, guilt, pride, helplessness, patience, affirmation, surprise, astonishment, fear, horror, shame, shyness, modesty and blushing.

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Death grip handshake: A macho bone crushing grip indicating aggressive personalities who intend to try to dominant you from the start.

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Debbie downer: Term used to describe a person who drags other people down simply by portraying negative body language or topics.  We say these people are pessimistic and they bring us down because all people tend to mirror those around them.  Therefore their negative attitude produces negative feelings around them serving to drag others down as well. Even nonverbal language where no spoken words exist can spread from person to person.

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Decoding: The act of extracting useful and accurate information based on visual nonverbal cues emitted by another person or persons.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Defensive Body Language Or Defensiveness 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Defensive Body Language Or Defensiveness 2Defensive body language or defensiveness: Defensive body language is a set of postures that make the body feel protected, secure and comfortable in awkward situations.  Defensive body language is also similar to submissive body language in that the postures are aimed at protecting vulnerable parts of our bodies, or in size reduction turning our bodies into smaller targets.  Examples include crossed arms, gripping crossed arms, partial arm crosses or masked arm crosses, leg crosses, ankle crosses and foot locking, clenching the teeth, jaws or lips, averting the eyes, hands on the hips, quick exhalation and exiting from a situation.

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Deliberate body language: Body language that is consciously emitted and controlled so as to create a desirable impression.  When a person feigns politeness when they really feel anger, rage or dislike, they are using deliberate body language.  Deliberate body language is usually used to maintain social norms, hide negative feelings and display confidence.  Deliberate nonverbal language is less useful than spontaneous nonverbals because it represents the image a person wishes to convey rather than true underlying emotions.  The nonverbalist will be careful to study these as well however, since they provide clues as to how a person wishes to be perceived by others.

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Democratic bosses: Democratic bosses are most often female and their most popular sentiment is to make others feel welcome and comfortable.  They will try to build personal relationships and welcome new ideas and thoughts to the conversation.  Their office will have informal meeting places and the door will ‘always be open’.  Other signals of the democratic leader, is her desire to build rapport, she will use touch more often if possible.  To work with this type of boss, mirror their language.  Use open body language when she does, and feel free to chat with her when necessary.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Depressive Body Language Or Depressed Body Language Or DepressionDepressive body language or depressed body language or depression: When the body is weighed down by gravity such as slumping the head and shoulders, it is an indication that a person does not feel well emotionally.  Depressive body language also includes desire for isolation, poor concentration, inability to focus on tasks or plan ahead, low and quiet speech, relaxed or slack body, downcast eyes, poor grooming, dejected facial expressions and inexpressive eyes, slow and deliberate movements, change in appetite, forgetfulness.  Those with negative feelings lack a characteristic bounce and enthusiasm in their body movements.

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Designer labels: When a person tends toward wearing or carrying items that include prominent logos.  These are clues to a person’s values and lifestyle and can outline a person’s hobbies or their desire to display wealth.  The nonverbalist should make note of apparel because it is not randomly chosen, but is a reflection of a person’s character and goals.  Prominent logos indicates image conscious who lacks confidence who is trying to buy credibility, souvenir t-shirts reveal a person who is trying to appear worldly, sports shirts indicate team affiliations.  These themes are more meaningful when they are repeated from day-to-day.

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Dilated pupils: In body language dilated pupils indicate that a person is aroused, be it from fear or attraction.  When the eyes view something stimulating, they dilate or open so as to allow more light to penetrate making seeing easier.  Various studies show that our pupils also respond to positive stimuli by constricting when a person sees unpleasant or uninteresting stimuli.  For example, pupils constrict when viewing nude images of the same sex but dilate when viewing images of the opposite sex.

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Diminutive movements: Movements motivated by submission which render the body less expansive and more compressed.  Women are habitually seen performing this stance when trying to appear attractive to men and men will use the gesture to reduce punishment.  It is performed by head lowering or bowing, pulling the arms in, crossing the legs instead of spreading them, lowered eyes and curling up.  Gesturing is also reduced and when it happens, the limbs remain close to the body rather then form sweeping motions.

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Disappearing lips: When the lips are compressed tightly due to stress, anxiety and negative thought processes.  It is opposite to full expressive lips that show contentment.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Disapproval Cues 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Disapproval Cues 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Disapproval Cues 3Disapproval cues: Nonverbal signals that are culturally specific that serve to indicate that a behaviour is not permitted.  These usually emanate from the face (“the look”), but can also stem from the body such as arm crossing, finger wagging, distancing behaviours, body orientation or ventral denial.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Discomfort Body LanguageDiscomfort body language: Includes any body language that says that a person feels threatened.  It includes body language such as ventral denial, reduced proximity, erecting barriers, freezing or reduced movement, lack of mirroring, increases in heart rate, breath rate, sweating, a change in normal colour in the face or neck, trembling or shaking in the hands lips, or elsewhere, compressing the lips, speech errors, unfriendliness, withdrawal, anger, nervousness, fidgeting, drumming the fingers and other repetitive behaviours.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - DisengagementDisengagement: Body language that shows that a person wishes to exit a conversation or topic.  It is usually signaled by orienting the body away from the speaker or by creating distance such as stepping away or leaning backward.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Disguised GesturesDisguised gestures: A form of partial gesture that is incomplete and abbreviated yet hidden from view or stymied.  For example, hands that rest of the lap can be turned palm upward signifying that ones doesn’t know or the shoulders might raise only a fraction of a degree to indicate that one is unsure.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Disgust 2Disgust: One of the six main universal facial expressions characterized by eyebrows that are turned inward, raised upper lip, winkled nose and a raise in cheek muscles.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - DislikeDislike (nonverbal): Nonverbal communication that shows a person lacks a connection and is in disagreement with another person.  Dislike is conveyed through reduced or nonexistent eye contact, neutral facial expressions or scowling, polite smiles or non at all, ventral denial, head shaking, reduced proximity of leaning away, lack of touch or touch avoidance, hand withdrawal.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Displacement BehaviourDisplacement behaviour: Displacement behaviours include actions set to preoccupy in order to dehumanize the outside world – especially in more crowded areas.  The list of behaviours included nail biting, gum chewing, grooming, tapping the does, head scratching or playing with jewelry, but can also mean looking and acting ‘out of touch’ or closed off.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Distancing Or Moving AwayDistancing or moving away: When the entire body, or part of the body moves away, rather than toward, someone or something.  Distancing indicates that a person is not in tune with whatever it is they are being repelled by.  In other words, arms or legs can be pulled away from people when there is a lack of agreement.

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Dodpi: Abbreviation for The Department Of Defense Polygraph Institute.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Dominant Body Language 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Dominant Body Language 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Dominant Body Language 5BodyLanguageProjectCom - Dominant Male StanceDominant body language:  This is any body language that increases the area the body takes up.  Shoulder up and back, head held high, arms out and relaxed, legs apart.  The greater the area the body takes up, the more dominant the body language.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Dominant Male StanceDominant male stance:  A stance where the feet lie flat on the ground, weight is across both feet, the arms are placed to the side rather than in pockets and hands do not prop up against a wall or table.  The hips are forced forward slight, with the legs just wider than shoulder width.

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Dominator (the): A type of client who makes strong eye contact, is suspicious of the salespersons motives, uses a firm voice, neutral or negative facial expressions, may be grabby and uses touch to influence the salesperson.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Double Arm Hug Or Self Hugging 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Double Arm Hug Or Self Hugging 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Double Arm Hug Or Self Hugging 3Double arm hug or self hugging:  Hugging ones self is both defensive and a closed body position.  Hugging can be done by grabbing both arms across the body or by clasping one arm onto the arm on the opposite side.  People who hold this posture exclaim that they are cold, but in reality, the cold sensation stems from feeling awkward.

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Double gripper politician handshake or double hander (the): Both hands are used to sandwich the other person’s hand.  It is an intimate handshake but in the wrong company can be taken as insincere and create negative feelings.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Doubt Or Disbelief Body LanguageDoubt or disbelief body language:  Nonverbal cues that signify that an idea or thought is being reject.  Body language revealing disbelief includes looking down, away, or upward, rubbing the eyes or lightly touching the inside corner or the eye, eye rolling, looking askance, twitching the nose and grabbing the ears, head shaking, grimacing, turning the corners of the mouth and exhaling quickly through the teeth.

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Dowdiness or rumpled or unkempt: A nonverbal term referring to a persons dress that is wrinkled but otherwise fairly clean, shapeless, outdated, bland, messy, unflattering, out-of-date and well worn.  It signifies a low socioeconomic background, that a person is artistic, intellectual, or is the absent minded professor, is preoccupied or is just outfight sloppy.  This type of person is usually preoccupied with other passions and lacks the interest to put anything into their look.  Other times they are just outright slobs and don’t care.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - DowntimeDowntime: Occurs roughly every three seconds whereby our minds ‘slip away’ and out of consciousness to give our minds time to relax and process information and to think about what we want to say next.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Down-Turned Smile Or Reverse SmileDown-turned smile or reverse smile:  Happens when the mouth is inverted into a down-facing “u” shape.  It indicates high stress, unhappiness, anger, tension and depression.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Downward Gaze Or Eyes DownDownward gaze or eyes down: Eyes that are averted by looking down.  Indicates submission, coyness, lack of certainty, defeat, guilt, shame or embarrassment.

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Dominance quotient: Abbreviated DQ is the relative desire to dominate situations and others.  There are three types, they are a) low dominance and uncomfortable with power, b) accept power, but don’t go after it and resist it from others c) go after power whenever possible.

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Double wink: The double wink is done by blinking both eyes at the same time and holding them closed for a slightly longer period of time than that which is found in a natural blink.  It is a less aggressive form of the single wink which some women find off-putting.

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Dressing for context: Consciously planning attire so as to carefully match or exceed (within limits) the dress of those in your immediate company so as to impress.  It means avoiding clothing that is far too dressy or far to relaxed.  This technique will yield the best possible results.

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Dressing for respect: Exceeding, or at least matching the fashion of those whom are in your immediate company so as to build authority.  Wearing polished suites, shoes and being well groomed in the presents of more casual wear will yield leadership qualities whereas dressing similarly, like mirroring will help build rapport.  Dressing for respect also says that wearing clothing that is stylish demonstrates respect for other people because it implies that one cares about the opinions of others.

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Dressing to impress or dress to impress: The act of consciously planning and coordinating attire to suit a given function such that it creates positive feelings in others.  When done properly, dressing to impress commands respect and authority from others.

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Dry coughing: A nervousness becomes more intense a person can be heard dry-coughing.  This is a limbic response to a reduction in salivation.

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Duchenne smile: This smile is called the honest smile and its giveaway is the appearance of crow’s feet at the corner of the eyes.  It draws its name from the French researcher Guillaume Duchenne who used electrodiagnostics and electrical stimulation to istinguish between real and fake smiles.

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Duping delight: Paul Ekman coined the term “duping delight” to explain possible reasons for an increase in certain cues while lying was taking place.  For example, fear and guilt associated with lying should decrease nonverbal cues such as eye contact and smiles, but the research shows us that eye contact usually increases during lying.  Two possible explanations exist for an increase in eye contact and smiling.  One is that smiling happens more often because the liar is experiencing pleasure with the act of lying which has been extensively proven through research on psychopaths, con-men and pathological liars, the second says that a smile is in fact due to stress and embarrassment which causes a stress smile.

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Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

The Body Language Project is the result of a decade of personal research including a thorough review of over 60 primary scientific research journal articles. Learning body language forms the perfect foundation for success in ALL your communication.

If you are only picking up on what is being said, you are missing more than half of the message.

For more information on BodyLanguage be sure to check out: BodyLanguageProject.com and the Ebook – The Body Language Guide to Dating, Attraction and Sexual Body Language.

Non Verbal Body Language Dictionary ::C::

Did we forget a nonverbal term?  Suggest it in the comment box or e-mail it direct, and we’ll be ecstatic to add it!  With well over 500 terms, the BLP dictionary is growing to be the largest free nonverbal dictionary in the world!  Brought to you exclusively by The Body Language Project!  Visit our homepage for more free learning.

Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

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Casual corner position or kitty corner or right angle seating:  A seating arrangement where people sit at the corner of rectangular tables.  It preserves closeness, but also offers a barrier.  This seating position is unique because it neatly allows for independent thought, but the proximity still permits intimacy.

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Center leader effect: The phenomenon whereby the most dominant person usually chooses the head of rectangular tables and when no leader is present, leadership is attributed to the person who sits at the head of the table.

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Center-stage effect: Those who sit in the middle of large lecture halls tend to be overlooked.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chair Straddler Or Seat StraddlingChair straddler or seat straddling:  A dominant body position.  The posture happens by spreading the legs and sitting with the back of the chair facing other people.  The back of the chair is utilized as a barrier or shield to separate the individual from others making them appear cowardly.

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Chameleon effect (mimicry): A term first coined by Chartrand and Bargh in 1999, the “chameleon effect” refers to the unconscious mimicry of postures, mannerisms, facial expressions, and other behaviours such that one partner in an interaction passively and unintentionally changes his body positions to match that of others.

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Channels of communication:  Include methods of sending information and meaning from one person to another.  They include written notes, verbal speech, paraverbal cues and nonverbal body language.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chatting Distances 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chatting Distances 2Chatting distances: The distance which varies from culture to culture and person to person whereby conversations comfortably take place.  The most common distance is at arms length, but some cultures require elbow length and some even less than this.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chest Protrusion 1Chest protrusion: A sexual or aggressive body language posture.  When done by men it can mean either depending on the context, but in either case, is meant as a dominance display by appearing larger.  This is meant to appeal to women and repel other aggressive men.  When done by women, it is aimed at drawing attention to the breast and making them appear larger in order to secure the attention of nearby men.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chest Shield 6BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chest Shield 4BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chest Shield 5Chest shield: Gestures such as arm crossing and placing objects in front of the chest such as tables and chairs meant to figuratively protect the body from attack.

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Chest puffing: When air is brought into the lungs and held so as to appear larger and more dominant.  Usually the back is also arched and the head is held high.  This is a posture that indicates conflict is nearing and is an advertisement of such.

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Chew rate: A pacifying nonverbal cue that intensifies during stress or excitement – arousal.  Happens more prominently with chewing gum.

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Childbearing hips: A term referring to the anatomical feature of women who’s hips are wider in relative terms, than men’s.  This permits women to successfully deliver babies, and because of this is a sexual feature.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Childlike Playfulness 3BodyLanguageProjectCom - Childlike Playfulness 2Childlike playfulness: This is a form of submissive signal and is not a posture or gesture at all, but rather a class of behaviours.  Both sex can resort to these games during courtship and they include stealing a hat, playful teasing, tickling, playing hide and seek or peek-a-boo.  Acting like a child shows that a person is ready to let their guard down and feel that no threat is present.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chin JutBodyLanguageProjectCom - Chin UpChin jut: A greeting gesture done by quickly forcing the chin outward and returning it to its origin.  It is done to acknowledge someone else without having to directly interact with them and done most often by dominant individuals.  It signifies superiority, fearlessness and arrogance.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chin LiftChin lift: This is a signal used to display pride, confidence and smugness because it exposes the vulnerable neck to attack.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chin Stroking 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chin Stroking 2Chin stroking: Chin stroking is an evaluative gesture which was made popular by movies, television shows and cartoons.  The cliché says that the chin scratcher is old, wise and is bearded!  Beard or chin stroking signifies that the decision making process has begun, but that a conclusion hasn’t yet been reached.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Chin TuckChin tuck: When the chin is pulled down toward the sternum.  It spells anger and disdain or when used in courtship submission, innocent and childlike.

 

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Clap Or ClappingClap or clapping: A celebratory nonverbal signal usually done by large audiences untoward a presenter or performer.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Clasping Hands Or Self Clasping Hands Or Hands Holding HandsClasping hands or self clasping hands or hands holding hands: Done by placing one hand inside the other.  A gesture indicating the desire to begin when done by a presenter.  Also signifies a need for pacifying as a parent would clasp the hand of their infant.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Clenching And GrippingClenching and gripping: A body position that creates unnatural tension.  Clenching indicates hostility or defense.  Holding the fists clenched and holding a full arm cross are two examples.  Whereas fists clenched shows that physical aggression is imminent or possible, a full arm cross shows defensiveness.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Closed Body Language 4BodyLanguageProjectCom - Closed Body Language 3Closed body language: Any body language that shows that a person is not open to outside ideas or thoughts.  In closed body language one or more parts of the body cross the mid-way point of the bisected body or where a portion of the body is made smaller, or hidden.  Arms crossed, legs crossed, arms hugging the body, shoulders drawn in, having the hands in pockets are some examples of closed body language.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Closed FormationClosed formation: Refers to an intimate orientation that usually happens while standing.  In this formation, the torsos face each other head-on rather, or at zero degrees, rather than at a ninety degree angle, as what would happen in more social situations.  A closed formation usually happens during courtship as men test a women’s desire to accept him into her personal zone.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - CocooningCocooning: A term used to describe body language that indicates a desire not to be bothered.  There are various degrees which include a mild form such as putting on headphones to tell others that social interaction is undesired, putting up the hands to the side of the face while studying (mild cocooning), and an extreme form where the head collapses onto the thighs in a seated position.

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Cognitive dissonance: A term used by psychologists that describe feelings or cognition that happen in unison, but of which conflict, or are in disharmony with others.  It is an uncomfortable feeling because the mind does not cope well with having two contradictory ideas simultaneously.  The theory of cognitive dissonance states that people work hard to restore harmony in their thoughts by changing their attitudes, beliefs and behaviours or by rationalize them.  Nonverbal body language can uncover cognitive dissonance though conflicting or opposite body language, or through body language that indicates a person is unsure of themselves.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Coffee Cup Or Drink Barrier 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Coffee Cup Or Drink Barrier 2Coffee cup or drink barrier: While sitting or standing, a drink is held across the front of the body as if the arms were crossed.  It forms a barrier and closed body position, which is either unintentional and done out of habit, or is actually a signal indicating a negative thought.

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Coiffed hair (men): When a man’s hair is precisely cut, blow-dried and sprayed.  Usually indicates a power image that is accompanied by expensive clothing, shoes and accessories.  This nonverbal message reflects vanity and reflection of financial success in order to impress others.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Cold Dead Fish HandshakeCold dead wet fish handshake: A particularly disgusting cold and damp handshake portraying negative emotions.

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Cold reading: A technique fortune tellers use to convince their audience that they know much more then they really do.  They use cues such as clothing or fashion, gender, age, race or ethnicity, religion, hairstyle and posture to draw information about a person.  Fortune tellers and “mediums” both possess a keen ability to read the nonverbal cues of the people they are reading.  Sometimes, even they don’t realize how well their intuition reads.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Collar Pull (the)Collar pull (the): A nervous nonverbal cue whereby hot air or tight collars producing friction, are relieved from the neck.  It is sometimes attributed to liars.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - CombativeCombative (the): A state of mind wherein the body indicates a desire to fight.  The body takes up closed body positions like arms crossed, yet is leaning forward to show ready to strike either physically or verbally.

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Comb-overs: A male hairstyle found on balding men who pull their hair over from one side to the other to hide the balding area.  This cue suggests vanity, but also poor judgment since the wearer of the hairstyle likely believes that he is pulling one over on other people.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Comfort Body LanguageComfort body language: Includes any body language that indicates that a person feels no threat.  It includes body language such as calmness, confidence, clear thinking, enjoyment, fluid speech, friendliness, happiness, openness, touching, patience, peacefulness, receptiveness, relaxation, trust, ventral fronting, increased proximity, removing objects to allow access, remaining loose, fluidity in motion, mirroring others and normal breath rate.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Comfort DisplayComfort/discomfort equation of detecting deception: Says that when people are lying they tend to experience more discomfort due to “guilty knowledge” and when they are telling the truth experience comfort.

 

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Comfort dividend: A term that describes the payback received from building comfortable situations in business and in life in general.  It stipulates that when you make your customers, friends, guests, patients and clients comfortable, you derive benefits that go beyond profits.

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Communication accommodation theory (CAT):  A theory developed by Howard Giles of the University of California which stipulates that people incorporate various changes in speech patterns as they seek to emphasis or minimize social differences between themselves and others.  The tenant of the theory says that a person will try to match accent, dialect and other paralinguistic features when they seek social approval and use speech patterns common to their own group when they wish to emphasis contrast.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Competitive Head-To-Head PositionCompetitive head-to-head position: A seating arrangement where people sit facing each other directly from across a table.  This sets up combative situations.

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Complexion: The features of the face including pigmentation, birthmarks, moles, warts, scars, acne, pallor, wrinkles, rashes and hives.  These cues reveal nonverbal traits of a person especially if they impart some technique for concealing or changing them outlining insecurity.  Other times blemishes can create anxiety and affect self esteem when a person fails to rise to the challenges they present.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Compliance Or Compliance TestingCompliance or compliance testing: Nonverbal communication that displays authority, superiority or dominance over another person in efforts to yields submission in another person.  A police officer tests compliance when they pull speeders to the side of the road through displays of authority such as splaying their arms and legs out to appear larger.  If it is not heeded, the officer is likely to apply the full force of the law, but if respected and complied with, he may drop the charge or lower the ticket.  Compliance testing can happen in any facet of life, from within families, at work, and during social encounters.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - ComplimentingComplimenting: One of the six main categories of body language.  Body language that is used to reinforce verbal language and which agrees with what is being said.  This type of body language serves to convey additional honesty to communication and is the most reliable when assessing people.  For example, complimenting body language to “I’m not ready to face this difficult task” is having shaking hands and voice combined while blushing and averting eyes.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Compressed Lips 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Compressed LipsCompressed lips:  Done by pressing the lips together to make them disappear and is a universal trait done to signify stress.  The subconscious mind is essentially telling the body to close down and not let anything in.  Because it happens quickly due to undesirable stimuli it is considered an honest gesture.

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Come-hither-look: A sexual form of eye contact and body posture performed by women to solicit male attention.  It is done by lowering the head and looking up through the forehead or tilting the head forty-five degrees to the side and batting the eyes.

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Comfort display: Any body posture, position or gesture meant to display that a person is relaxed which relates back to their environment.  Even lack of eye contact can be deemed a comfort display because it can imply that a person lacks fear and does not need to track a person intently.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Concealed IrritationConcealed irritation: When honest, negative body language is inhibited in favour of using false, yet positive body language.  Those in service habitually use concealed irritation to deal with troublesome customers that can’t be pleased.  Smiling is one such expression that is often used to hide true emotions.

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Concealed ovulation: A term that described the human female condition whereby the most fertile phase of her sexual cycle is hidden from others and even herself.  However, ovulation does not pass without noticeable changes in nonverbal behaviour.  Studies have shown that when women enter their high fertility cycle they will dress to impress by adding extra adornment, wear make-up, put on short skirts, displaying cleavage, and tend to hang out in more target rich environments such as night clubs over other times in their cycle.

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Conflicting: One of the six main categories of body language.  This is body language that runs contrary to what is said verbally and indicates nervousness, disagreement, a sense of feeling unable to tell the truth or lying outright.  Conflicting falls into the same general area as congruency.  When a person says that they really liked a gift they received from you, yet their eyes dart and their voice shakes, their body language conflicts with their thought which can be a strong indication they are lying or have reservations about telling the truth.  When verbal and nonverbal conflict, nonverbalist use the nonverbal as more reliable indicators of honest thought.

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Confused or confuse or confusion: A state of mind that lacks orientation.  This state is conveyed through body language where the eyes may dart from one person or object to another, the face my blush showing anxiety or turn pale due to fear.

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Confusion or confused body language: Confused body language stems from an attempt to regain bearings.  It is usually accompanied by frustration and indecision.  Signals of confusion includes verbal repetition, repetitive motions, picking things up and putting them down, conflicting behaviours, shifting or shuffling and various pacifying behaviours such as stroking the temples and rubbing the back of the neck.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Confidence Or Confident (Or leadership) Body LanguageConfidence or confident (or leadership) body language: Any body language that conveys security.  It includes leading (and controlling) conversations, tend to be surrounded by people (who follow), use good proxemics, volunteer for difficult tasks, listen well, smile pleasantly, have a firm handshake, are well dressed with good hygiene, dress appropriate for the situation, seldom follow faddish trends, are willing to engage in conversations, are physically active, have conservative haircuts, have erect upright postures with head held high and hands out of pockets, face their company head-on, and other body language that shows comfort rather then discomfort.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Contempt Facial ExpressionContempt facial expression:  Wrinkle appear on the nose with one lip often raised to form a sneer.  Lips are frequently pushed forward with a tight mouth raised slightly at the corners.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Contempt SmileContempt smile: A true felt smile where the corners of the lips are tightened unevenly, where one side is lifted slightly higher than the other, and the eyebrows are slightly raised.  The smile might also push the lower lip up by the chin muscle and pull the corners of the mouth down, coupled with lowered brows.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Conversational GazingConversational gazing: Refers to the patterns of the eyes during an interaction which gives clues to intent be it intimate, business, or for friendship.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Cooperative FeetCooperative feet: Term used to describe the arrangement of the feet that indicate agreement.  Cooperative feet are ones that are patented oriented toward a speaker rather than away and who’s proximity is increased rather than decreased.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Cooperative Side-By-Side PositionCooperative side-by-side position: A seating arrangement where two people sit on the same side of the table beside one another.  Chairs can face forward showing some cooperation, but not complete whereas chairs at forty-five degrees to the table indication collaboration.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Cornering 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Cornering 1Cornering: A common mistake done especially by men in dating situation whereby they cut off exit points and block women in.  It can be done with an arm, leg, bar top, or table.  When people become cornered they become nervous or aggressive due to the fight or flight response creating they exact opposite to that which is desired.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Corpus callosumCorpus callosum: A thick collection of nerve fibers centered between the left and right hemisphere that helps women’s brains “talk” better across each hemisphere.  This is what allows women to multi-task better than men by moving from one side of their brain, their creative side, to their left side, their logical side, and at the same time monitor the body language of others more readily than men.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Courtship Displays Or Sexual Interest Or Romantic Body LanguageCourtship displays or sexual interest or romantic body language: Nonverbal signals used to attract and maintain the attention of a potential mate.  They include signals such as preening, mirroring, in both sexes, dominance position in males and submissive displays in females, making eye contact, exaggerated or coy smile, laughter, staring, winking, wetting lips, crossing and recrossing legs, thrusting the chest forward, walking with a swagger or wiggle, primping, lounging back, hair tossing, increased proximity, wearing revealing clothing or overdressing, self touching or touching the person of interest, wearing special make-up or perfume, whispering, listening intently, looking a person over and attempting to isolate from others.

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Counting on fingers: A cocky, arrogant and sometimes confident gesture implying that a person needs to keep up with the various points that are being made for a case.  It is done by rhythmically bringing the index finger over the opposite hand as if to anchor each point being delivered.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Cowboy Pose 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Cowboy Pose 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Cowboy Pose 3Cowboy pose or stance:  This posture happens by placing the thumbs in the belt with the remaining fingers pointed downwards towards the crotch.  The cowboy pose was popularized by old western movies.  Cowboys would use a combination of this posture and the hands on hips (or gun) posture to show how macho they were.  Because it draws attention to the crotch, it is rarely used by women.

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Conscious critical faculty or critical factor: A term that describes the separation of the conscious mind and subconscious mind protected by a “membrane” of sorts which inhibits contradictory ideas from becoming incorporated due to previously accepted ideas – be they true and accurate, or false.  Thus, from all sets of sensory inputs, the mind carefully screens which new information is incorporated and which is rejected.  This is part of why making major changes in thinking is difficult or even impossible for some.  For example, a person who believes that they are “stupid” will reject information that does not agree with this assessment.  Proponents of this idea believe that the CCF is solidified early in life.  The CCF applies to nonverbal communication only when it becomes desirable to influence people through signals because it is impossible to “tug” on a person’s mind strings without first bypassing their CCF.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Crossing 1BodyLanguageProjectCom - Crossing 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Crossing 3Crossing: A body posture wherein the arms or legs come together or are folded.  It can represents a closed body position and an unreceptive mind or when amongst close friends total comfort indicating a lack of desire to exercise a quick exit.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Cross-MirroringCross-mirroring: A less obvious form of mirroring, where body movements and postures are replicated, but not exactly.  For example, if a foot is tapped, a finger might be tapped in unison, or preening various parts of the body together instead of the exact same.  Cross mirroring might mean raising the opposite hand to stroke the side of the face rather than the same hand and so forth.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Crotch Display 3BodyLanguageProjectCom - Crotch Display 2BodyLanguageProjectCom - Crotch Display 1Crotch display: Any body language gesture that directly or indirectly draws attention to the genitals.  They include the cowboy pose by interlocking the fingers in belt loops, leg spreading while seated, placing the hands on the hips and throwing a leg over the leg of a chair.  In women, it implies easiness or crassness and in men, a dominance display.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Crying, Damp Eyes Or Teary EyesCrying, damp eyes or teary eyes: Damp eyes can have many nonverbal meanings.  They can indicate tiredness or suppressed weeping, anxiety or sadness.  Crying symbolizes an overflowing of emotions such as sadness from emotional hurt, from pain due to physical hurt, or even from extreme joy.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Cue ClusterCue cluster: Refers to a group of individual units of body language that occur either simultaneously or nearly simultaneously.  Units of body language in combination create a new meaning and establish a more accurate and fuller picture of intent.  An example of a cue cluster is legs crossed at the ankle accompanied by one arm across the mid section of the body touching the elbow of the other arm with that hand touching the face.  This cue cluster signals a closed or timid body.

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Cultivated images or image: A type of styling that is aimed at mirroring a specific movement, or in other words, to look a part.  Common image types include Country, Punk, Businessman, Hippie, Jock, GQ, Grunge and Biker.  A cultivated image can sometimes simply be an over-costume with nothing to back it, or might go deeper into a person’s persona.  Either signal can be telling of a person.

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Cultural differences: Changes in frequencies that occur in body language based on geographic location.  Not all body language has the same meaning cross-culturally and some gestures are found to be offensive in some areas while other areas see the same gestures in a positive light.

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Curbside appeal: A term that refers to the exterior character of a building or establishment such as a home, business or office.  It is those aesthetic parts which are visible as one approaches and provides nonverbal information to the activities conducted inside as well as its owners.  It includes the façade, the way the plants and flowers are kept, the signage, the upkeep for the paint, lighting, parking and so on.  Loosely it can also be applied to humans who also have curbside appeal who demonstrate what their “insides” contain.

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Curtsey or curtsy: The female equivalent of the male bow where a women bends at the knees by placing one foot behind the other in accompaniment with a slight head bow and a lifting of the skirt to knee height.

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Curved arm:  An arm distancing posture done by thrusting the elbow outward facing down or horizontally.  It is defensive in nature meant to reclaim personal space.

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Communication accommodation theory: A part of NLP or neurolinguistic programming in which a person matches speech patterns, dialect, speech rate or tempo, pitch, tonality, voice inflection, use of words and even accent in order to actively build rapport and create flow between them and whomever they are speaking to.

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Confidence or confident (or leadership) body language: Any body language that conveys security.  It includes leading (and controlling) conversations, tend to be surrounded by people (who follow), use good proxemics, volunteer for difficult tasks, listen well, smile pleasantly, have a firm handshake, are well dressed with good hygiene, dress appropriate for the situation, seldom follow faddish trends, are willing to engage in conversations, are physically active, have conservative haircuts, have erect upright postures with head held high and hands out of pockets, face their company head-on, and other body language that shows comfort rather then discomfort.

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Conservative style: A nonverbal term signal that includes clothing with subdued colours, classic styles, and ordinary accessories that do not produce interest.  People who wear this type of dress are not seeking attention and would prefer to blend in.  Conservative dressers often care about the opinions of others and want to fit in, are conformists, are practical, authoritarian, analytical and less creative than flamboyant dressers.  They are often more conventional thinkers.

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Context: One of the most important factors in reading body language.  Context refers to the entirety of the situation in which the language appears.  It includes the words being spoken, the location, all of the people present, surrounding noises and dialogues, the history of the dialogue and social connections to other people or events.  Context refers to any and all factors that relate to the body language at hand and must be accounted for to determine accurately the meaning delivered.

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Congruence: Relates to body language that is consistent across a person.  The body language is said to be congruent if all body language match’s a specific emotion or intention.  We can use lack of congruence to detect liars for example.

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Cultural zone shock: The discomfort felt when people meet from two different countries who’s spatial needs are drastically different.  The shock is more pronounced when cultures that require a lot of personal space meet those who require very little personal space.

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Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

The Body Language Project is the result of a decade of personal research including a thorough review of over 60 primary scientific research journal articles. Learning body language forms the perfect foundation for success in ALL your communication.

If you are only picking up on what is being said, you are missing more than half of the message.

For more information on BodyLanguage be sure to check out: BodyLanguageProject.com and the Ebook – The Body Language Guide to Dating, Attraction and Sexual Body Language.

Non Verbal Body Language Dictionary ::B::

Did we forget a nonverbal term?  Suggest it in the comment box or e-mail it direct, and we’ll be ecstatic to add it!  With well over 500 terms, the BLP dictionary is growing to be the largest free nonverbal dictionary in the world!  Brought to you exclusively by The Body Language Project!  Visit our homepage for more free learning.

Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

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Back channel signals: A set of body language that indicates that a speaker is being heard.  They include noises such as “mhum” and “uh-huh”, gestures such as nodding and expressions such as smiling in agreement.

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Bandler, Richard, W.:  Born February 24, 1950.  Bandler is an American author on personal development and is best know for his work on NLP (neuro-linguistic programming) in association with John Grinder.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Barriers 1Barriers: Postures, gestures or inanimate objects that are placed in front of someone which are used to block off other people.  They are usually employed when someone is uncomfortable and wishes to control the space around them.  Barriers function much like security blankets, as they have an emotionally protective feature.

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Baselining or baseline or norming:  Probably one of the most important and often overlooked aspects of reading body language.  It refers to the “normal” body motions that populate the repertoire of each person.  “Normal” is defined as the body language that happens when a person is relaxed.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Baton gestures Or Hand Chop GestureBaton gestures or hand chop gesture:  A motion done with the hands to emphasize points in speech.  A baton or chop adds emotion to the words it is attached to.  It is habitually done by powerful people who have the floor and are in charge.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - BeckoningBeckoning: Using the index finger, hand, head and even the eyes to draw another person nearer.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Becoming LoudBecoming loud: An sudden increase in the volume of the voice.  Becoming loud can be due to a variety of reasons including an attempt to be noticed, to dominate a room, to express anger, frustration, act out aggressively, berate, scorn, celebrate and show excitement, display enjoyment, or due to inebriation.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Bedroom EyesBedroom eyes: Eyes who’s pupils are large and fully dilated.  Found in those who are reacting subconsciously to sexually stimulating imagery such as attractive mates.

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Beady little eyes or snake eyes: Eyes that are squinted or constricted who’s pupils are small and undilated.  It indicates fear, aggression and dislike.

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Beards: Facial hair on the chin, cheeks and sometimes the neck.  It is a nonverbal message signifying wisdom and is scholarly unless left to grow untrimmed.  In this case, it is seen as unwieldy and primitive.  Rarely does a beard indicate secretiveness, rather it is a cosmetic choice.  Bears can mean that a man looks better that way, is trying to look older, is trying to hide age by covering wrinkles, is trying to conceal a facial flaw such as a weak chin or has a rebellious or artistic personality.

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Beauty dividend: A term referring to the profit aspect to appearances.  Well studied this states that as a persons attractiveness increases so too does their earning power on a per unit basis.  Good looking people tend to receive more raises, more often and also get hired for better positions.  They’ve also been found to benefit their company with increased business and revenue over the long term.

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Becoming quiet: A sudden lowering in the volume of the voice.  Becoming quiet can be due to a variety of reasons including trying to keep secrets and remain private, to create intimacy, to inhibit drawing attention to the self, to power play people into drawing them into personal space and forcing them to listen hard or due to shyness or timidity.

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Behaviourists: A school of psychology that limits its focus to observable and quantifiable aspects of behaviour excluding emotions and motives.

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Behaviourism: A term originating from the studies of John B. Watson in 1913.  It says that behaviours can be measured, trained and changed.  According to behaviourism responses to the environmental stimuli shape people’s behaviours according to various processes such as classical and operant conditioning and reinforcement schedules.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Bent Over Posture Or Rump PresentationBent over posture or rump presentation: A submissive appeasement posture done by bending forward either facing toward or away.  When done facing away can be taken as a sexual invitation.  It says “I am offering myself in the passive female role” and is a request to be mounted.  Young girls might be seen doing this while dancing in night clubs as they grind on men.  Conversely the bow has origins in the same submissive bent over posture, however it is usually, but not always done facing whomever is being submitted.

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Bernieri, Frank:  Professor of Psychology at Oregon State University.  His primary focus of research is social perception and judgment, nonverbal behavior and communication, face-to-face interactions, multi-channel communication, interpersonal synchrony, empathy and research methodology and has published over 40 scientific articles and chapters.

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Beta males and females: Beta males and females are normally classified as anyone who does not fall into the “alpha” category, however in reality, beta is much less broad.  Betas are second in command, and the term refers to contenders or subservient who’s purpose is to serve alpha’s.  Beta’s can, at anytime, challenge the alpha for dominance and dethrone the alpha’s.  Beta’s are identified by their body language.  They can sometimes hold dominant language, but only when other alphas aren’t present.  It is important to note that alpha and beta, in humans, is a floating concept as nearly everyone is alpha and beta at one time or another, as our company which includes our culture and sub-culture varies significantly.  Beta body language includes leaning in while speaking, fidgeting, touching the face, taking on smaller body forms such as hunching the shoulders and pressing the legs together.

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Bipedalism: The human form of locomotion that involves two (bi), feet (pedal).  Bipedalism in humans produced the condition that allow men and women to use their hands to manipulate tools and communicate.  Because the feet where relegated to more rudimentary tasks, they hold more of the visceral reactions (such as running from predators, or being pulled under the table when in stressful negotiations) and so tend to be more honest.  The hands and arms are more controlled by the conscious mind, rather than the primitive mind, and so tend to be more deceitful.  In other words, bipedalism kept feet honest.

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Birdwhistell, Ray L.: American anthropologist who pioneered the study of kinesics.  He utilized slow-motion replays to analyze the actions of people.  He published a book called Introduction to Kinesics in 1952.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Blade Away Or Blade Toward Blading 1Blade away or blade toward (blading): The turning of the body with only small degrees either toward or away from stimuli that a person agrees with or disagrees with.  The turning away of the torso by degrees as an encounter becomes less and less enjoyable or to our liking.  Think of a knife that is turned on an angle so as to slice more or less steeply.  Blading away is to “turn the back on someone” when in dislike, or to blade toward so as to “face them head on” when liking is present.

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Blanching: When the surface of the body or face appears white.  It is due to the presence of extremely fearful situations that creates a flight or fight response drawing blood from the periphery and diverting it to the major muscles in the core of the body.  It is the body’s way to prepare to escape or mount an aggressive challenge.

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Blepharoplasty: A very popular surgery for Asian women is to create the double eyelid.

Asian people lack the fold or eyelid crease and so their eyes are narrowed and oval in appearance.  The surgery adds a second fold or crease in the eyelid from an eyelid without a crease, producing a rounder westernized eye.  It is proof of how important large eyes are in terms of creating attractiveness and neoteny.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Blade Away Or Blade Toward Blading 2Blocking: A term used to describe when a person wishes to distance themselves from a distressing stimulus by erecting barriers.  Blocking is a part of the fight or flight response, and takes the form of the flight element because it creates distance between things we wish to avoid.  It includes crossing the arms or legs, turning a shoulder so the body faces away, rebuttoning jackets or pulling a jacket closed, pulling the feet and arms inward, or pointing the feet toward the doorway indicating a desire to leave.

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Blowing off steam or exhaling or blowing out air through the lips: Done by forcefully exhaling air through a compressed mouth and indicates frustration, disapproval, uncertainty and an attempt at pacifying.

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Blushing: Blushing is linked to the release of adrenaline and cortisol which courses through the body when people get excited, feel pressure or are nervous.  The hormone also diverts blood flow from the digestive system and shunts it to major muscle groups giving them a burst of energy.  As a side effect, our blood vessels that deliver blood to our faces dilate, meaning they relax or open, allowing more blood to reach the surface of our face causing them to turn red.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Bodifications And TattoosBodifications and tattoos: Conscious alterations of the body such as clothing, jewelry, tattoos, severely plucked eyebrows and false nails.  More severe are the forms that are permanent such as breast implants, dramatic piercing, facelifts, liposuction, collagen insertion, etc.  The type of tattoos and art it contains can be telling of a person’s character.  Bodifications reveal a need to be different, rebelliousness, nonconformist, have an artistic nature, a desire to fit in or lower socioeconomic status (heavy tattoos).

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Body CrossBody cross: A posture whereby the arms connect in some way across the front of the body to produce a safety barrier.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Body CutoffBody cutoff: An orienting reflex designed to end conversations.  When people wish to exit they will cut their centerline off from the conversation as if leaving preliminarily.  The greater the angle, the less interest or more dislike is present.

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Body language (a): A subset of nonverbal communication that includes body postures, gestures, facial expressions and eye movements.

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Body language or nonverbal communication (b): A method of conveying information through conscious and subconscious gestures, body movements, postures and facial expressions.  Body language is used as conscious replacement of speech, to reinforce speech, and as an indicator of mood.

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Body language reader: A person who is receiving and decoding hidden meaning from nonverbal channels.

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Body language reader: A person who collects nonverbal language around them so as to study and interpret them.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Body Language SenderBody language sender: A person who is emitting nonverbal language which is being received by another person and interpreted.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Body LoweringBody lowering: A technique whereby a person takes a lower position relative to another to show that they wish to submit.  One such example is the curtsey which is done to show respect and taking a knee when interacting with someone else who is seated is another.  Dropping the head can also be a form of body lowering.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Body Orientation Or Body Angling 2Body orientation or body angling:  Refers to the angle at which people sit or stand in relation to one another.  A subset of posture that is important in conveying information such as the desire to leave as when the body faces away or when weight is applied to one side over the other, disinterest when bodies lean away or liking when bodies create proximity.  The purpose to meeting is also conveyed through orientation such as confrontation, bargaining, friendship, or even indifference.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Body Raising Or Elevation 2Body raising or elevation: Status and dominance are closely related to the relative height of a person which is why people are seen as leaders when they are taller.  Height can be artificially raised as well with high heels or special footware for men, by using situation specific features such as staircases, using chairs which are taller or elevated platforms such as where the judge sits overlooking his courtroom.

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Body rocking: A technique used to show a desire to leave a conversation.  It is also meant to indicate a nonverbal “time constraint.”  It is a body language expression done by design to show others that one must be someplace else in order to appear more important.   The body is rocked from weight forward to weight back, from side to side, or turning the shoulders slightly away as one does naturally when exiting conversations.  This can tell people to warp up their conversation, or when done in dating, tease women inducing them to pursue.

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Body shifting: When a person rocks back and forth while sitting or standing.  This indicates a moderate uneasiness or boredom and a desire to leave.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Body Size ReductionBody size reduction: Whenever the body is less erect and less spread than normal.  Happens by pulling the arms and legs inward, lowering the head, tucking the chin inward.  Body size reduction shows submission, timidity and shyness.

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Bottom pinching: A sexually aggressive gesture when done by a man on an attractive woman especially when un-welcomed.  It takes on three forms and has been an Italian pastime: the pizzicato which is a quick tweak with the thumb and middle finger, the vivace which is more vigorous and uses several fingers and done more than once and the sostenuto which is prolonged and heavy handed with a rotation.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Boredom 6Boredom: An emotional state whereby an individual displays disinterest in the activities or the people around them.  Boredom is indicated by fidgeting, tapping the fingers or toes, appearing to have no emotion on the face, supporting the head on the hand and leaning against walls, tables, slouching backwards, letting the eyes wonder, gazing into the distance, sighing heavily, yawning, crossing and recrossing the arms and legs, fiddling with pens, eyeglasses or papers, doodling, pointing the body away from the speaker, shifting the weight, moving the head from side to side, rolling the eyes, stretching and picking at the fingernails.

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Bounce (the): A type of gait usually found in teenage girls who walk with a springy step.  It signifies health and optimism.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Brain-Body InterplayBrain-body interplay: As it relates to body language, the brain-body interplay says that they are linked making it difficult to “untie” body expressions from the underlying emotions that compel them.  For example, it is difficult to have a negative attitude while dancing spryly.  The actions the body performs tends to bleed through into the mind and create positive or negative feelings as the case may be.  Even laughing, done for no good reason, can put someone in a good mood because it helps release all sorts of positive hormones.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Broad Smile 2Broad smile:  In this smile the upper and lower teeth are made visible and the gaze is relaxed and the smile is intended to convey joy and pleasure.  This is a true smile and not one that is easily faked because the corners of the eyes display crow’s feet.

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Broken window theory (the): Says that disorderly appearance of an area increases the incidence of crime and antisocial behaviour occurring in that area.  Graffiti, trash and litter, and other items in disrepair tend to attract more damage and litter and also those types of people likely to inflict such detritus.  In a well known city experiment, graffiti that was quickly removed tended to reduce the amount of crime occurring in the area.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Buccinator MusclesBuccinator muscles: Muscles located on the sides of the face that draw the lip corners toward the ears.  It is activated during the sneer producing dimples in the cheeks.

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Business gaze: Eye contact in a business gaze that is held about 80-90% of the time to avoid feelings of discomfort.  They eyes follow a pattern whereby they never leave the face and spend the majority of the time between the forehead and the eyes, never below.

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Buttock clasping: A sexual display of affection usually done during copulation.  It is a firm grasping of the read end during pelvic thrusting.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Buttress StanceButtress stance: A standing posture where the leg bearing the body’s weight is straight, while the other leg is extended forward and outward away from the body.  It indicates a readiness to depart.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Buy SignalsBuy signals: These are nonverbal signals that indicate that a person is ready to commit to a sale.  They include eye increased eye contact, moving in and shrinking distance, touching the chin and greater relaxation.

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Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

The Body Language Project is the result of a decade of personal research including a thorough review of over 60 primary scientific research journal articles. Learning body language forms the perfect foundation for success in ALL your communication.

If you are only picking up on what is being said, you are missing more than half of the message.

For more information on BodyLanguage be sure to check out: BodyLanguageProject.com and the Ebook – The Body Language Guide to Dating, Attraction and Sexual Body Language.

 

Non Verbal Body Language Dictionary ::A::

Did we forget a nonverbal term?  Suggest it in the comment box or e-mail it direct, and we’ll be ecstatic to add it!  With well over 500 terms, the BLP dictionary is growing to be the largest free nonverbal dictionary in the world!  Brought to you exclusively by The Body Language Project!  Visit our homepage for more free learning.

Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.
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Absorbed actions: Body language that is passed from one person to another through culture and hence observation.  It is a form of mirroring and happens unconsciously.  These sets of nonverbal movements vary from culture to culture and group to group.  Take the “gangster” walk by example where an exaggerated bounce is added to the step – this is absorbed from others.

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 Abrazo: A term originating in Latin America that describes a brief hug between men.  It says “I like you.”  It is done by pressing the chests together and engulfing the back of the other with the arms.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Accenting Moderating Body LanguageAccenting/Moderating body language: One of the six main categories of body language.  This type of body language is aimed at enhancing, amplifying or emphasizing a specific verbal message.  In other cases it can be used to soften a point and make it less salient.  Gestures include pointing, using the hands to show how big something or an idea is, using a fist chopping action in unison with an important point, fist pounding to display anger, or a honest smile and a bounce in the step to display happiness while speaking of a loved one. —————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

BodyLanguageProjectCom - Accidental Touching 2Accidental touching: Touching that happens without meaning between random people usually in busy or crowded environments, or alternatively, done out of conscious awareness but of which is laden with meaning such as a woman might do on a man she finds attractive by brushing up against him.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Active ListeningActive listening: The opposite of passive listening where a person reflects on what is being said through nonverbal indications.  An active listener holds good eye contact, orients toward the speaker with their head or torso and nods their head appropriately demonstrating undivided attention.  When listening is done to the extreme it is called emphatic listening.  Active listening also usually has so form of light touching to build a connection.

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Achiever (the): One of three types in business.  They arrive on time and won’t want to waste a minute.  They keep time, don’t stray off topic and leave as soon as the meeting is over.

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Acting (a): A poker term whereby players act weak when they have a strong hand, and act strong when dealt a weak hand.  It is a beginners strategy and unsophisticated.

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Acting (b): A nonverbal term that describes a person who is playing a role that misrepresents their true honest selves.  We say that politicians are “acting” when they display honest body language when they are in fact lying, or when a person who is shy and timid acts confidently during a job interview.  Acting does not always involve polar opposites, and can be done by a person in more minute and specific situations. —————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

Active attraction: A man or women who oozes attraction signals without effort.  Men who have active attraction will seem to have high confidence and physical attractiveness such as ideal build and height, have style, personality and especially good body language such as excellent eye patterns, will walk with confidence, be relaxed and hold their ground.  Women who have active attraction will exude sexual cues, they will have above average looks such as hour-glass figures, large breasts, will dress provocatively and have social personalities, they will also emit flirty nonverbal sexual signals regardless of a attempt to attract. —————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

BodyLanguageProjectCom - Adaptational MirroringAdaptational mirroring: Mirroring that is done intentionally and with consciousness to either put someone at ease or to create discomfort.  The goal of adaptational mirroring is to manipulate someone else’s emotions for their own benefit.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - AdaptorsAdaptors: Include variations such as postural changes or other movements that occur at such a low level they often happen without awareness.  They are frequently made to adjust ones body and to make someone more comfortable by relieving physical stress.  Plenty of unwarranted emphasis was placed on adaptors as hidden meaning but today we see them as merely movements which serve a purpose.  An example includes scratching the nose to satisfy and itch which is a movement of purpose, it doesn’t have any hidden meaning. —————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

BodyLanguageProjectCom - Adornments 1Adornments: Decorations of the body including tattoos, jewelry, make-up, elaborate clothing and so forth.  Adornments are designed by the individual in order to portray a specific quality and character.

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Adrenal glands: Also called suprarenal glands, the adrenal glands are located on top of the kidneys.  This endocrine gland is responsible for producing the stress hormones cortisol and adrenaline (epinephrine).  These hormones are linked to the flight or fight response and so are connected to visceral body language.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Affect DisplaysAffect displays: Occur in synchrony and within the rhythm of speech and emphases certain words or phrases and are integrally connected to our speech and thought.  They are used to reveal our emotional state and can show enthusiasm if we are happy, or if relaying somber information sadness. Examples of affect displays include facial expressions such as smiling, laughing, crying or frowning.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Affection 2Affection (nonverbal) or affectionate or loving: Nonverbal signals that display liking such as hugs, kisses, back rubbing, adoring eye contact, handshaking, blowing kisses, increased proximity and submissive body language such as head tilting and neck exposure. —————————————————————————————————————————————————————-

Affiliator (the):  One of three types in business.  The affiliator is generally a woman or sociable man who is focused on group cohesion and building relationships.  They arrive early and make a point of checking in with everyone and making sure everyone is happy and taken care of.  They will set up meetings to foster cooperation and will often stay behind to answer any questions.  They make lots of eye contact, smile often and will show tension if signals of conflict arises.  Their voice will often be calming and hand movements will be used to appease everyone.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Aggressive 3Aggressive body language:  Aggressive body language includes nonverbal language that prepares the body for a real or figurative attack.  It includes making the body loose or tenses and making the body appear larger and more threatening.  Aggressive body language can happen by clenching the fists, finger pointing or flared nostrils and so forth.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Agreement Indicators 1Agreement indicators: Nonverbal communication serving to show that a likeness of mind is present.  Agreement is shown through open body language such as arms uncrossed, leaning inward and ankles unlocked.  Not all times do nods, “mhums” and smiles, show agreement however, sometimes they merely indicate that a person is being heard.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Alerting Or Announcement Gestures 1Alerting or announcement gestures:  Those nonverbal signals that tell others they wish to speak such as raising a hand or motioning, taking in air or making eye contact.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Alpha FemaleAlpha female:  Similar to the alpha male, other females in their community or sub-community look up to her, she makes decisions for the group and other women look up to her.  In humans, the alpha female will be the most listened and obeyed socially as dominant body language for women is much less potent although some dominant body language will still appear.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Alpha MaleAlpha male:  Found in all social animals.  The alpha male is the individual in the community or sub-community whom others defer to and follow, he makes the decisions for the group and other’s look up to him.  In animals, the alpha is sometimes the only one who secures breeding rights.  In humans, the alpha male is that which holds dominant body positions.  He is normally relaxed, with open postures, he may form a steeple with his hands or rest his arms at the back of his head to display his superiority.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Alpha You 2Alpha you (the): The conscious manipulation of the self to produce the best possible person in the view of others.  It includes various nonverbal, people and sales skills to yield above average results in personal relationships, business and life in general.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - AmygdalaAmygdala: A region of the brain that in accompaniment with the hippocampus and thalamus influences fear, rage and aggression along with friendship and love.  It has been shown to be a key player in the creation of emotion and closely tied to our bodies.  Fear responses are carried to the thalamus which then produces anxiety and alertness within the freeze response.  The amygdala decodes the information received from our senses and initiates adaptive behaviours through connections to the motor system (our body).  Research shows how this area of the brain is particularly adept at reading facial emotions and decoding them.  The amygdala is responsible for various nonverbal signals due to the root emotions it creates.

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Androstadienone: A chemical signal released by men and found in their perspiration said to affect women and homosexual men in a sexual manner.  Researchers have found that androstadienone is able to change mood, sexual arousal, and even brain activation.  It also commonly added to male perfumes and fragrances.  While the chemical itself lacks a direct link to overt behaviour it does affect underlying physiology include hormones and psychological patterns providing root causes for behaviour.  Thus, the chemical itself is the nonverbal message.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Anger 2Anger:  Characterized by a downward pull of the eyebrows and narrowing of the eyelids. Lips may tighten or press together and the nostrils may flare.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Ankle Cross 1Ankle lock or foot lock (the): Happens when the top of one foot locks around the leg of the other while seated or standing or when the legs are wrapped around the legs of a chair.  It indicates a negative and defensive attitude.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Ankle Cross 3Ankle lock (standing): Done by raising and locking the ankle behind the calf of the supporting leg.  This is a mainly female posture and one that spells defensiveness.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Ankle Cross Or Scissor Cross Or Ankle-Ankle Cross 1Ankle cross or scissor cross or ankle-ankle cross:  Indicates that the person is holding a negative emotion, uncertainty, fear or is generally uncomfortable or timid.  Adding to this, the feet might be pulled in under the chair withdrawing emotionally even further.  In other context it is modest and formal.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Annoying Alpha (the) 2Annoying alpha (the):  A man/woman who is overly concerned about coming across as the main alpha, yet instead of appearing confident, really comes off as cocky.  They might take up too much space, become boisterous, and order people around.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Anthropology Monkeys TypingAnthropology: The study of humans in all respects, from socially, evolutionarily, behaviourially and especially culturally.  Anthropology is a source of study for body language as it provides context and origins of movements as it relate to purpose.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Apocrine GlandsApocrine glands:  Located in the groin, armpits, mouth, eyelids, back of the knees, wrists, and palms.  These glands release a chemical called androsterone in men, which is chemically related to testosterone, the male sex hormone.  Androsterone is (weakly – not strongly proven) linked to sexual attraction and is unperceivable consciously, when it is effective it works without awareness.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Apologetic Smile Or Lopsided SmileApologetic smile or lopsided smile: When there is unevenness across the face and the context is appropriate it says “Wish I hadn’t made that mistake.”

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Appease 1Appease: Refers to the desire to concede to an aggressor through submissive or compliant body language such as shoulders turned inward and head down.  Smiles are often referred to as appeasement expressions.

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Argyle, Michael: Born 1925, he was recognized as a social psychologist.  His interests compelled him to study gaze and other nonverbal communication, social skills, happiness and social class and his book “The Psychology of Interpersonal Behaviour” became a best-seller.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Arm Crossing 1Arm crossing:  Arms as they relate to non-verbal meaning are like shields.  They can block and shank ideas from entering just as well as they can protect against swords and arrows.  Using the arms across the body in a fold is like cutting off access to our core where our heart and lungs are present.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Arm Crossing With Clenched FistsArm crossing with clenched fists: Happens by crossing the arms and clenching the fists underneath them.  This posture indicates defensive hostility and anger nearing outright aggression.

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Arm freezing behaviour: A fear driven response that reduces or eliminates movements by the arms.  In children, it can indicate the presence of abusive parents or relatives, and in adults indicates that a stressful or emotional stimuli is present.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Arm gripping or gripped crossed arms 2Arm gripping or gripped crossed arms: Happens as the person grabs each arm with the opposite hand as they cross their arms.  It symbolizes tension and is common for people waiting for bad news or waiting for a dentist appointment.  It is similar to other forms of self-hugging as it protects the body from exposure and provides comfort.  This posture shows both negativity and restraint, meaning that a person is ready and expecting to face a negative outcome and isn’t going to relax until that news comes.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Arm Over Shoulder 2Arm over the shoulder: A type of hug gesture done by tossing the arm over the back of another.  It is a friendly type gesture signifying camaraderie.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Arms Forward 2Arms forward: A signal that contains a context specific message.  Having the arms forward can mean that a person wishes to hug, to fight if fists are clenched, to repel if the palms are facing vertical toward an opponent or begging if palms are turned upward.

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Arms up posture: A gravity defying nonverbal cue done in triumph or victory such as winning a match or scoring a goal.  It is done usually quickly and short in duration where the arms are thrust stiffly upward into the sky so as to draw as much attention to the victor as possible.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Arm Twister HandshakeArm twister handshake:  Part way through an ordinary handshake the hand is twisted underneath into the submissive palm up position.  Someone who does this is absolutely committed to being on top and dominating.

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Arm withdrawal: When the arms are pulled inward toward the body rather than away.  It indicates a lack of agreement or a difference of opinion.

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Arousal: Defines changes in the autonomic nervous system including changes in heart rate, blood pressure, sweating, temperature, breathing, flushing and blanching.  Arousal can be due to negative and positive stimuli.

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Arrector pili muscles: Microscopic band of muscle tissue that connects hair follicles to the skin that when stimulated by cold air or fear, stand on end.  When we have feelings that send shivers down the spin, the arrector pili muscles are being stimulated.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Arrogance Or Arrogant Body LanguageArrogance or arrogant body language:  Body language that indicates that a person feels superior to others and that one wishes to separate themselves from the crowd.  An arrogant person wears expensive clothing or dress more formally, will act aloof, bored or pretentious.  Arrogant people often preen, glance in mirrors to check their appearance, trying to be the center of attention, make grand gestures, keep greater distance from others, stop listening to the conversation of others, make sexually suggestive movements, boast of accomplishments, avoiding eye contact on purpose and holding the head high with the nose pointed upwards.  Arrogance indicates that a person is insecure with themselves and is often over-competitive with others.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Artificial Smile Or Pretend SmileArtificial smile or pretend smile: A fake smile where the muscles surrounding the eyes play no part.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Asymmetry 3AsymmetryGestures such as shoulder shrugs, or facial expressions such as smiles, that are not equal on both sides indicating incongruency or dishonesty.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - AsynchronyAsynchrony: A barrier to good communication.  It is a lack of synchrony, or the relative similarity, in the bodies of two people.  It shows a difference of opinion.

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Attraction triggers: Cues in men and women that produce feelings of attraction within the opposite sex.  These cues stem from fertility in women and resource acquisition in men and are tied to social value.  They are evolution in origin brought about through sexual selection.  Attraction triggers include physical looks including fertility, personality, social alliances, and nonverbal signals of confidence, charisma, and overall worth to the opposite sex.  The value placed on these triggers is relatively person specific and highly sex specific.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Attentive Body Language Or Attentiveness Or PensivenessAttentive body language or attentiveness or pensiveness:  Cues that indicate that a person is actively paying attention, is interested and engaged.  They include such factors as head tilted at forty-five degrees, leaning inward, proper eye contact, greater stillness, chewing a lip or pencil, furrowing the brow, stair into space in concentration, looking upward and scratching the head.

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Audience eye contact:  Eye contact that is directed toward a large group of people to create interest in them and liking as well as to create a more authoritarian and effective presentation.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Auditory Learners Or Auditory CommunicatorsAuditory learners or auditory communicators: Account for about 25% of the population.  This group of people prefer to hear the information through oral presentation, lectures and speeches.  Oral learners can be identified because as they learn, they will play music, listen to a television or radio or if that is distracting to them in particular they will play sounds containing white noise by running a fan or listening to soothing sounds of the ocean.  Auditory communicators use phrases such as: Maybe we should tone thing down.  Here me out, okay?  That sounds right.  Listen to the plan I have in mind.  We can’t whisper a word to anyone about this.  This has a ring to it.  Can you speak to this?  We should announce this to everyone.  Are you listening?  We should all voice our opinions.  It’s like music to my hears.  It’s clear as a bell.  That strikes a cord with me.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Authoritative Body Language Or Authoritative PostureAuthoritative body language or authoritative posture: Nonverbal communication that says “I am in charge.”  It can include hand positions like palm down (rather than palm up), hand steepling where the fingers touch to form a bridge, head back and looking down on others, a lowered voice, raising height by taking a taller chair, sitting at the head of the table, or using compliance testing to see if someone will do as you indicate by taking the path of least resistance.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Auto Contact Or Self TouchingAuto contact or self touching: A term used to describe gestures such as stroking the beard, rubbing the hands, tugging the ear, massaging the throat, pulling the fingers, rubbing the back of the neck and so forth, which is meant to sooth the body and create comfort.  Women habitually use self touch far more often than men.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Autoerotic Touching 1Autoerotic touching: Touching that is done to the self driven by sexual thoughts.  It is a term used to describe when women are seen stroking their own lips rubbing their upper arms, cheeks, thighs, hips and waist. Autoerotic touching is usually to satiate an internal desire by performing what one wishes to experience on ones self instead rather than having it done by someone else which is risky.  It also creates interest through teasing and prepares the body for eventual touching by drawing blood to the surface creating sensitivity.

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Autocratic bosses:  We can tell if our boss autocratic if they are attached to the status artifacts around them.  Their desk will be used as a barrier protecting them from intruders, they will have cleaver title markings on their desk or door, and usually have trophies or accolades on their walls, their dress will be formal and expensive and their posture will be rigid and straight.  Friendliness is the foe of the autocratic boss so he will keep you at arms length, keep conversations on task and hold expressionless faces.  If you get out of line, he will use his body language to put you back in your place with harsh voice tones and eye contact.  Often autocratic bosses are seen as unloving, unfriendly or inhumane.

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BodyLanguageProjectCom - Automatic GesturesAutomatic gestures:  Motions of the hand that happen without conscious awareness, usually during speech to add emphasis and colour.  Hands might motion when trying to explain something complex or when talking about something excitedly to add emotion.  Automatic gestures can happen by down-stroking the mouth when uncomfortable, or wiping the nose with the index finger when stretching the truth.  Often gestures that happen out of conscious awareness tend to be more reliable and honest.

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Autonomic nervous system: The ANS is the part of the peripheral nervous system that acts as the control center for various operations in the body below the level of consciousness.  It controls visceral operations such as heart rate, digestion, rate of respiration, salivation, perspiration, pupil diameter and sexual arousal.  The ANS is extremely important to the nonverbal body language reader specifically because the operations occur without the permission of the conscious mind making them very honest and reliable cues.  While the ANS controls inner functioning, the consequences are seen externally and can be read.

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Autonomic signals or automatic signals:  Involuntary stress-induced physiological behaviours that includes shaking, increased heart rate, pupil constriction, vomiting, fainting, blushing and breath rate.  These are nonverbal cues that are impossible to consciously control under normal circumstances with the exception of heart rate which some individuals have conscious control, and breath rate, which almost everyone does despite a propensity for breath holding under high stress or hyperventilating.

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Get a free start in learning body language today! Click here: Getting Started.

The Body Language Project is the result of a decade of personal research including a thorough review of over 60 primary scientific research journal articles. Learning body language forms the perfect foundation for success in ALL your communication.

If you are only picking up on what is being said, you are missing more than half of the message.

For more information on BodyLanguage be sure to check out: BodyLanguageProject.com and the Ebook – The Body Language Guide to Dating, Attraction and Sexual Body Language.

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